Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Quince
Chaenomeles superba

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Chaenomeles (kee-no-MAY-leez) (Info)
Species: superba (soo-PER-buh) (Info)


15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring
Mid Spring


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From herbaceous stem cuttings
From softwood cuttings
From semi-hardwood cuttings
From hardwood cuttings
By air layering
By tip layering
By serpentine layering

Seed Collecting:
Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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Thumbnail #1 of Chaenomeles superba by haighr

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2 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive crimsontsavo On Mar 13, 2008, crimsontsavo from Crossville, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

Breathtaking when in full bloom.

Positive lupinelover On Jan 11, 2003, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

The foliage on this species is more attractive than some of the more ornamental flowering types, becoming an asset to the landscape all season long. Named cultivars should not be increased by seed which does not come true.

There are varieties of quince that have been specially selected for fruit quality. These make highly acceptable compotes and preserves, alone or in combination with other fruit that have a low pectin content.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Ozark, Alabama
Cloverdale, California
Atlanta, Georgia
Saint-laurent, Quebec
Charleston, South Carolina
Crossville, Tennessee

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