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PlantFiles: Spotted Hawkweed
Hieracium spilophaeum 'Leopard'

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Hieracium (hi-er-uh-KEE-um) (Info)
Species: spilophaeum (spee-lo-FAY-um) (Info)
Cultivar: Leopard
Additional cultivar information: (aka Chocolate Dip, Chocolate Spot)

Synonym:Hieracium maculatum

7 members have or want this plant for trade.


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)
12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

9-12 in. (22-30 cm)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer

Grown for foliage

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors
From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:
Collect seedhead/pod when flowers fade; allow to dry
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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to view:

By Lilith
Thumbnail #1 of Hieracium spilophaeum by Lilith

By Happenstance
Thumbnail #2 of Hieracium spilophaeum by Happenstance

By Happenstance
Thumbnail #3 of Hieracium spilophaeum by Happenstance

By butterflybyrob
Thumbnail #4 of Hieracium spilophaeum by butterflybyrob

By kniphofia
Thumbnail #5 of Hieracium spilophaeum by kniphofia

By mygardens
Thumbnail #6 of Hieracium spilophaeum by mygardens

By mygardens
Thumbnail #7 of Hieracium spilophaeum by mygardens


No positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral bejoy2 On Mar 3, 2011, bejoy2 from Olympia, WA wrote:

The real attraction this plant has to offer is the leaves, which come true from seed. It doesn't have a showy flower - it looks like a smaller, daintier dandelion. Like the dandelion, the seeds blow everywhere, and you will find this plant popping up all over your garden. If you don't want volunteers, cut off the flower before it goes to seed.

Neutral Lilith On Jul 29, 2002, Lilith from Durham
United Kingdom (Zone 8a) wrote:

This is a perennial grown for its rosettes of very eye-catching deep grey-green foliage mottled with purple-bronze patches. In summer it produces yellow hawkweed flowers on its thin stems.

Seed collecting: these flower heads produce seed very sinilarly to the dandelion, ie like 'dandelion-clocks'. collects seed quickly before it blows away!


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Alameda, California
Clayton, California
Denver, Colorado
Wichita, Kansas
Uxbridge, Massachusetts
Blissfield, Michigan
Munsonville, New Hampshire
Croton On Hudson, New York
Elizabeth City, North Carolina
Portland, Oregon
Spring, Texas
Olympia, Washington
Sammamish, Washington

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