PlantFiles: European Columbine, European Crowfoot, Granny's Bonnet Aquilegia vulgaris
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Spacing: 12-15 in. (30-38 cm) 15-18 in. (38-45 cm)
Hardiness: USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 °C (-40 °F) USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 °C (-35 °F) USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 °C (-30 °F) USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F) USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F) USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F) USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F) USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F) USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F) USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F) USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F) USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)
Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade Light Shade
Danger: Seed is poisonous if ingested All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Bloom Color: Pale Pink Pink Rose/Mauve Magenta (Pink-Purple) Scarlet (Dark Red) Gold (Yellow-Orange) Pale Yellow Bright Yellow Light Blue Medium Blue Dark Blue Blue-Violet Violet/Lavender Purple Dark Purple/Black Maroon (Purple-Brown) White/Near White
Bloom Time: Mid Spring Late Spring/Early Summer
Other details: This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season
Soil pH requirements: 6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
Patent Information: Non-patented
Propagation Methods: From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse From seed; stratify if sowing indoors
Seed Collecting: Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
On Jan 11, 2012, Ithiel from Detroit, MI (Zone 6b) wrote:
These cheery late-spring flowers volunteer readily in my yard. I actually never planted any of them, my neighbor has a few clumps in their yard and the seeds always find their way over here. The parent plants were a deep purple-blue, but it's offspring has came out in every shade of pink, purple and blue you can imagine and in single, double and triple-form flowers. Some of the plants even came out with dark, nearly black flowers in contrast to some of the pure white ones. It seems no two plants are alike in this sense.
Does well in shade or sun, in wet locations and dry ones as well. A very carefree plant that is more than welcome in my garden and as a plus, attracts hummingbirds, too.
On May 19, 2009, anelson77 from Seattle, WA wrote:
These are weedy volunteers in Seattle gardens, but very pretty in the spring. I pull up the ones that bloom in washed up colors or if I dont like the flower shape. The ones with graceful, blue flowers i keep. I cut them to the ground in the summer when the foliage starts to look ratty.
Bought plant from garden center, but didn't bloom the first season. Plant receives morning sun, afternoon shade and does extremely well this year here in North Texas. The "Winky Blue-white" turned out to be a dark purple with white center, still pretty, but I was hoping for a bright blue.
On Apr 16, 2003, Karenn from Mount Prospect, IL (Zone 5a) wrote:
I have grown a variety of aquilegia hybrids, as well as 'Nora Barlow' (blue & white as opposed to the more common pink & white). I also have grown a very sturdy "open pollinated" variety courtesy of the local birds, that is a very rich purple spurless hybrid.
In my climate (Chicago northwest suburbs) usually ALL aquilegias' foliage get ratty looking after flowering. I let the plants set seed (on those I like), save the seed (before it scatters) for fall sowing, and cut back foliage, flowers & all. New rosettes (much shorter) grow back attractively! Another hint about this plant, keep different hybrids VERY FAR apart - these cross-breed easily and readily!
On Nov 1, 2000, poppysue from Westbrook, ME (Zone 5a) wrote:
Columbines are available in many shapes and colors. Aquilegia vulgaris is the parent of many of the fancier hybrids available. They’re hardy from zones 3-9 and plants will grow 2 –4 feet tall. It’s an easy plant to grow from seed and it will brighten up any partly shady spot of the garden. It prefers a soil that’s rich in organic matter and has adequate moister. It will tolerate less ideal conditions but plants may be shorter lived and not as vigorous. It blooms in late spring or early summer and the foliage remains attractive through the season.
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
, (2 reports) Bear Creek, Alaska Carlotta, California Laguna West-lakeside, California San Diego, California San Francisco, California Stockton, California Federal Heights, Colorado Bradley, Florida Keystone Heights, Florida Aldora, Georgia Villa Rica, Georgia Hampton, Illinois Mount Prospect, Illinois Rockford, Illinois Washington, Illinois Oak Park, Indiana (2 reports) Hebron, Kentucky Parkway Village, Kentucky Cresaptown-bel Air, Maryland Ferndale, Maryland North Laurel, Maryland Bridgewater, Massachusetts Detroit, Michigan Romeo, Michigan Coates, Minnesota Fridley, Minnesota Marietta, Mississippi Auburn, New Hampshire , New York Eastover, North Carolina Fairfield Harbour, North Carolina Dayton, Ohio Dundee, Ohio Lebanon, Ohio Oak Hill, Ohio Tulsa, Oklahoma Baker City, Oregon Klamath Falls, Oregon Portland, Oregon Johnsonburg, Pennsylvania Laflin, Pennsylvania Phoenixville, Pennsylvania Shady Shores, Texas Farr West, Utah Broadway, Virginia Nellysford, Virginia Clearlake, Washington Kalama, Washington Navy Yard City, Washington Seattle, Washington Vancouver, Washington Brookhaven, West Virginia Elmwood Park, Wisconsin