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PlantFiles: Paris
Paris polyphylla

Family: Trilliaceae
Genus: Paris (PAR-is) (Info)
Species: polyphylla (pol-ee-FIL-uh) (Info)

3 members have or want this plant for trade.

Alpines and Rock Gardens

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)
18-24 in. (45-60 cm)
24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Light Shade
Partial to Full Shade

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
Gold (Yellow-Orange)

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer


Other details:
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings
Suitable for growing in containers

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

Seed Collecting:
Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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No positives
1 neutral
1 negative

Gardeners' Notes:

Negative wiggiej On Oct 17, 2009, wiggiej from Ann Arbor, MI wrote:

I recognize the description posted by berrygirl from the Wayside Gardens web site. To my thinking (and iif my results with this plant are typical) this is not so much a "description" as it is "advertising". I ordered several of these for my woodland wildflower beds, and I'd have to say that the plants that have come up for the last 3-4 years are rather dull and certainly not what I would think of as "showstopping".

Neutral berrygirl On Mar 24, 2007, berrygirl from Braselton, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:

Presented for info only:

Paris polyphylla is a Trillium relative with green-and-black flowers highlighted by long, wild yellow anthers.
Blooms are 6 inches across, measuring from the lower petals, which are the 5 symmetrical green stems that look like leaves. The central stigma is a red so deep it might as well be black, surrounded by a short golden ray and long, slender, whisker-like yellow anthers.
Growth Habit: In spring, first to be seen is a solitary stem (eventually reaching 18 inches tall) topped by a good cluster of spidery green whorls. Even if this plant never bloomed, the foliage alone would be eye-catching, because nothing else in the garden even remotely resembles it. But the blooms follow in early summer, and the 5 green outer petals (actually sepals) remain long after the inner flower parts have passed. Then there are showy (poisonous) red berries.

About the name "Paris," this plant was not discovered along the banks of the Seine or growing through a crack in the pavement beside the Eiffel Tower. It's an Asian relative of the Trillium, found in the Himalayas from India to China. The name "Paris" comes from "par," meaning equal, and it refers to the great symmetry of the flower, which is one of the most beautiful things about it. Only the Passionflower seems its equal in symmetrical, balanced presentation.

Paris polyphylla reaches 18 inches tall and about 8 inches wide. Plants should be spaced about 10 inches apart, because the form itself is part of the enchantment of this perennial. It needs water during dry spells, and blooms best in humus-enriched soil of any type. Superb for a woodland setting as well as the border. Zones 5b-8.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Crescent City, California
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Saint Louis, Missouri
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
Seattle, Washington
Woodinville, Washington

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