Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Elderberry, Black Elder, European Elder, Bourtree
Sambucus nigra 'Madonna'

Family: Adoxaceae (a-dox-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Sambucus (sam-BYOO-kus) (Info)
Species: nigra (NY-gruh) (Info)
Cultivar: Madonna

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

3 members have or want this plant for trade.


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)
6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)
8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)
6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer

Grown for foliage

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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to view:

By jnana
Thumbnail #1 of Sambucus nigra by jnana

By KevinMc79
Thumbnail #2 of Sambucus nigra by KevinMc79

By bottlegreen
Thumbnail #3 of Sambucus nigra by bottlegreen

By growin
Thumbnail #4 of Sambucus nigra by growin

By growin
Thumbnail #5 of Sambucus nigra by growin


1 positive
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral kilikat On Jun 16, 2014, kilikat from San Leandro, CA wrote:

Purchased this at the Merritt College plant sale in 2013. Plant is very attractive, with vivid yellow/green variegated leaves. It's doing well in partial shade, but note that it's quite a slow grower.

Positive JKerr32 On May 26, 2013, JKerr32 wrote:

My wife is from Hungary. She is very excited that we found an Elder bush here in Illinois. She is always talking about all of the things she can make with the bloom. She has many recipes. My only concern is that we picked many blooms today from an Elder bush that had green and yellow leaves in Illinois. In Hungary the leaves are green. We just learned that some Elders can be poisonous. My question is, Can the bloom be poisonous or is the berry poisonous?


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

San Leandro, California
Sebastopol, California
Paris, Illinois
Saint Paul, Minnesota
Elizabeth City, North Carolina

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