Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Black-Eyed Susan, Orange Coneflower
Rudbeckia fulgida 'Goldsturm'

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Rudbeckia (rud-BEK-ee-a) (Info)
Species: fulgida (FUL-jih-duh) (Info)
Cultivar: Goldsturm

Synonym:Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii

18 vendors have this plant for sale.

67 members have or want this plant for trade.

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18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Gold (Yellow-Orange)
Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:
Late Summer/Early Fall


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
Wear gloves to protect hands when handling seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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16 positives
7 neutrals
2 negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral coriaceous On Sep 25, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This is one popular perennial whose immense popularity is deserved. It's tough, versatile, undemanding, floriferous, and long-blooming---a great performer here. My principal issue with it is over-exposure---I'm tired of seeing it everywhere.

It performs well in light and partial shade, and is more shade tolerant than generally believed.

Rudbeckia fulgida spreads by rhizomes and can become a groundcover. I would call it moderately aggressive, but it's controllable in a mixed border without excessive work. It also self-sows lightly here.

I find that this species is best planted or divided in spring. Late season divisions (July or later) often fail to survive for me.

This cultivar does not come true from seed, but as the above details suggest, seed propagated plants have often been sold as 'Goldsturm'---to the point where I question whether the true 'Goldsturm' is often still found in commerce. The true Goldsturm is a foot shorter and has showier flowers than Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii.

The foliage is completely deciduous here in Z6a Boston.

Positive KittyWittyKat On Sep 24, 2014, KittyWittyKat from Saint Paul, MN (Zone 4b) wrote:

Slow spreader for a rhizomous plant. No issues with any leaf spotting on this particular plant; though if it is in a drier location, I have had more problems on unknown cultivar a few years ago.

Neutral Gardeningman On Mar 25, 2014, Gardeningman from Kingman, KS wrote:

Goldsturm Rudbeckia is a beautiful plant and is great as a border plant. It can sucker and spread, sort of like mums, but burying 4-5" plastic lawn edging bewtween the Goldstrums and the places you don't want it to spread to is very effective.
The Missouri Botanical Center states that angular leaf spot is a common problem with Goldsturm Rudbeckia. If you live in a climate that supports the growth of this bacterium, you may want to avoid planting Goldstrums.

Positive Rickwebb On Feb 8, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

This is a very common perennial in the East and Midwest USA, sold at most any garden center. I think this cultivar from an eastern American species was developed in Germany. Very reliable and easy to grow and to dig up and divide. This form spreads fairly quickly by underground rhizomes. It can push other plants out or move into places one does not want it. It blooms from about mid-July to early September.

Positive reeCreations On Aug 17, 2013, reeCreations from Burgettstown, PA wrote:

i have no idea what cultivar exists in my gardens. i do like the way it has taken on a shale slope where even yucca struggles. it has grown and bloomed well where ever i plant a piece. clay, rocky (sand mound), wet, dry, sun, shade.
it is a bully and will spread into other planting such as ground phlox, but all you have to do is chop/pull them out.
the blooms are a welcome brightness during late summer when most other plants are done.

Positive montague_rose On Aug 11, 2010, montague_rose from Turners Falls, MA wrote:

Good for late season color, Will spread if you let it. I just dig up the babies and move them.

Neutral jazzy1okc On Nov 3, 2009, jazzy1okc from Oklahoma City, OK wrote:

I've had this plant growing in a narrow bed beside my sloping concrete driveway, in full, all-day sun for about five years. It loves heat, does fine with rain and an occasional watering during droughts, and likes a little compost. Sawflies knock it back once in a while and, during very wet years, it tends toward leaf fungus. I just cut back the bad foliage. Other plants doing very well in the same long bed include Russian sage, cone flower, iris, daylilies, purple heart, yarrow (achillea), chrysanthemums, sedum, gallardia, and northern sea oats. Across the driveway it is growing with all of the above plus sage, rosemary, oregano, canna, sedum, lambs ears, dwarf barberry, variagated euonymous, four o'clocks, roses and clematis. My only complaint: Once established this variety seems to bear smaller blooms every year. However, I deadhead in the spring and sprinkle the seed in the same place, so what I have now may not be what I started with!

Positive enshalla On Aug 26, 2009, enshalla from halifax
Canada wrote:

Spectacular plant, when in bloom. Bought at the nursery last year and planted them in september, plants didn't have any flowers as they were in their first year. They sprouted this year after the spring bulbs died, late in the spring. Plant itself is not very attractive, and I would suggest planting something about 1-2 feet high in front such as Zinnias or lilies to hide the foliage if you wish. Rudbeckia Goldsturm started blooming mid august for me, in heavy clay soil with only rain water. Even though plants were not in full sun, in fact getting about 3 hours of mid day sun, they bloomed profusely. Plants getting less sun were short and with few blooms and more susceptible to earwigs and slugs, so lots of sun is important. However even in less than ideal conditions plants are dependable and gorgeous (check picture). Highly recommended, unbeatable long lasting Yellow golden 5 Inch flowers with black centers

Positive littlelamb On Jul 8, 2009, littlelamb from Virginia Beach, VA (Zone 8b) wrote:

I've had this plant for a couple years now at the front of my driveway. It's gotten to be quite large and I love it. It's covered in flowers and is quite stunning. It does spread so I'll have divide it next year. It can take heat and humidity quite well considering mine sits near a baking driveway all morning during the summer.

Negative MiniPonyFarmer On Jul 19, 2008, MiniPonyFarmer from Gilmer, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

I planted these bare root divisions in April. By July they are approximately 2 feet tall and bushy, with blooms. The leaves stay spotty and the blooms are small. The blooms just don't have a lot of punch for the size of the foliage (which is huge). I have ripped them out and plan to find something more showy that can earn its keep better.

Positive mbhoakct76 On Mar 21, 2008, mbhoakct76 from Winsted, CT wrote:

black eyed susan comes in many varieties and in alot of places grows as a wildflower as it does here in new england, you have to be picky about what variety you are purchasing as many will give a few small and ratty looking flowers and are not really worth putting in your garden.....they will also overseed alot onto your lawn (what a nightmare).
I tried a few plants before i found one i actually liked.
So far this variety is showing nice flowers and keeping to the garden, but i also keep up with deadheading asap.
Wtih as many that are availble as wildflowers on the side of the road- makes me think that some nursuries are selling those wildflowers?!?

Negative boblyn828 On Nov 6, 2007, boblyn828 from Buckhannon, WV wrote:

help please, I planted about 15 bare root black eyed susan in May 2007, only 2 sprouted, but no flowers. Will any of the others come up next year? I wrote the nursery I got these from and they are shipping me some more. It is now November and we are getting frost and set for some snow. What can I do with the bare roots to protect them through the winter? Plus I am being shipped some daylilly bulbs.

Neutral BlackDogKurt On Sep 18, 2007, BlackDogKurt from Seymour, CT wrote:

I would love this plant but I have had continual problems with fungal leaf spot disease. This is the only flower in my garden that seems to succumb to this fungal disease in my garden, despite my best attempts to erradicate it and plant Goldsturm in sunnier locations.

Positive hart On Feb 24, 2007, hart from Shenandoah Valley, VA wrote:

Thrives in my very dry soil and the flowers are huge - at least 5 inches across. Self sows a bit but not invasively. Blooms for several weeks from late summer into fall.

Positive blossombloom On Dec 4, 2006, blossombloom from Griffin, GA wrote:

I don't know why but I love this flower. When it is in bloom I see it everywhere on the side of the roads. Wonderful wildflower.

Neutral laura10801 On Sep 15, 2006, laura10801 from Fairfield County, CT (Zone 6b) wrote:

I placed this in a part sun - part shady spot and it did pretty well. However, I had to be very mindful to water it regularly or it starts to wilt. We'll see how it does in its second year. It makes for nice cut flowers.

Neutral muddbear On Aug 18, 2006, muddbear from (Zone 3b) wrote:

Although I love this plant, I have had recent problems with Angular Leaf Spot forming on the leaves. I have had to take 5 plants back to the nursery. There seems to be no solution to this disease. The best to do is obtain a different cultivar of rudbeckia.

When it grows well, it's a fantastic and beautiful plant.

Positive shadesojade On Jun 26, 2006, shadesojade from Patrick, SC (Zone 5a) wrote:

I've just moved to this area, after spending 55 plus years of living and growing flowers and veggies in Fl. I'm having a bit of an info. overload when it comes to what will grow and survive the Winters and the growing conditions as well as the soil here in my new area. The Black eyed Susan is one of the plants that I see growing and prospering as I drive through the new area. It is definitely one of the plants that I will add to my new growing areas. Belle P. Patrick, SC.

Positive lmelling On Nov 10, 2004, lmelling from Ithaca, NY (Zone 5b) wrote:

I was given a clump of these from my mother-in-law's garden when I established my own here in zone 5. I planted in full sun in moist but well drained soil. They continue to florish as they have for 7 years in the same location. Last spring I transplanted a clump from my original patch to another area of the garden and they appeared to take off just as well. No real care other than to cut down and remove dead foliage in late fall.

Neutral smiln32 On Nov 9, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Grows in sun to partial shade, actually. Very vigorous grower and yet has a somewhat compact habit. Seeds attract birds and flowers attract butterflies. It will not tolerate soggy soils.

From The variant that became 'Goldsturm' was first noticed by Heinrich Hagemann in 1937 while visiting a Czecklosovakian nursery, where he spotted & purchased an unusually bright specimen of R. fulgida var. sullivantii. Bringing this find to his German employer Karl Foerster, it was propogated as a unique strain, & in 1949 entered the nursery trade under the name 'Goldsturm,' which means "Golden Storm."

Positive kooger On May 24, 2004, kooger from Oostburg, WI (Zone 5b) wrote:

A striking plant that seems to have no drawbacks at all. Grows about 3 ft. tall and blooms for a long time.

Positive hotlanta On Feb 29, 2004, hotlanta from Lilburn, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

I like the way this plant self sews. I started with a few I purchased from a nursery. They are growing and spreading in full sun mid-day; partial sun morning and afternoon. They are on a slightly sloped bank, so get good drainage. They seem to be very drought tolerant. To propagate by seed is challenging though, as their seed are very small and there is a lot of chafe. But the young self-sewn starts transplant well.

Positive debi_z On Oct 4, 2003, debi_z from Springfield, MA (Zone 6a) wrote:

this is one of the plants i started with as a new gardener. she grows beautifully, can tolerate drier conditions once established. i have moved, cutback, transplanted, mailed and given away a lot of goldstrum. i have her in full sun and part sun where she thrives. i put some into a dappled shade condition this past spring and she got flowers, but didn't thrive as elsewhere.
i had planted it next to some foxgloves and the slugs ate all the foxgloves but one and did not touch the black-eyed susan.
she is a beautiful flower that looks good in a single clump, lined up along a driveway, or in a mass planting.

Positive k1093 On Aug 21, 2003, k1093 from Crescent, IA (Zone 5b) wrote:

Great plant in the Midwest (U.S.); with the use of MiracleGro will reach plant heights of 5-6 feet.

Positive juneberry On Aug 13, 2003, juneberry from Newland, NC wrote:

Great wild flower: variable petal sizes, good grower, nice flowers.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

, (2 reports)
Gaylesville, Alabama
Tuskegee, Alabama
Clovis, California
Eureka, California
Huntington Beach, California
La Verne, California
North Fork, California
Pasadena, California
Sacramento, California
San Leandro, California
Denver, Colorado
Fort Collins, Colorado
Cornwall Bridge, Connecticut
Cos Cob, Connecticut
Glastonbury, Connecticut
Old Lyme, Connecticut
Seymour, Connecticut
Cocoa, Florida
Deltona, Florida (2 reports)
Jacksonville, Florida
Pensacola, Florida
Sarasota, Florida
Atlanta, Georgia
Augusta, Georgia
Cordele, Georgia
Covington, Georgia
Griffin, Georgia
Lawrenceville, Georgia
Lilburn, Georgia
Stone Mountain, Georgia
Hayden, Idaho
Cherry Valley, Illinois
Chicago, Illinois
Divernon, Illinois
Hinsdale, Illinois
Lake In The Hills, Illinois
Plainfield, Illinois
Elkhart, Indiana
Greenville, Indiana
Hobart, Indiana
Lafayette, Indiana
Terre Haute, Indiana
Crescent, Iowa
Des Moines, Iowa
Inwood, Iowa
Derby, Kansas
Kingman, Kansas
Olathe, Kansas
Princeton, Kansas
Benton, Kentucky
Hebron, Kentucky
Salvisa, Kentucky
Zachary, Louisiana
Cumberland, Maryland
Edgewater, Maryland
Westminster, Maryland
Dracut, Massachusetts
Norton, Massachusetts
Roslindale, Massachusetts
Springfield, Massachusetts
Turners Falls, Massachusetts
Westborough, Massachusetts
Dearborn Heights, Michigan
Deerfield, Michigan
Marshall, Michigan
Mason, Michigan
Owosso, Michigan
Pinconning, Michigan
Royal Oak, Michigan
Taylor, Michigan
Albertville, Minnesota
Kasota, Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Saint Paul, Minnesota
Florence, Mississippi
Blue Springs, Missouri
Lincoln, Nebraska
Las Vegas, Nevada
Alden, New York
Brooklyn, New York
Greene, New York
Ithaca, New York
New Paltz, New York
Charlotte, North Carolina
Elizabeth City, North Carolina
Fuquay Varina, North Carolina
Monroe, North Carolina
Newland, North Carolina
Pineville, North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina
Sapphire, North Carolina
Belfield, North Dakota
Cincinnati, Ohio
Dayton, Ohio
Geneva, Ohio
Lewis Center, Ohio
Twinsburg, Ohio
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (2 reports)
Bend, Oregon
Chiloquin, Oregon
Dallas, Oregon
Hood River, Oregon
Mount Hood Parkdale, Oregon
Portland, Oregon (2 reports)
Salem, Oregon
Chalfont, Pennsylvania
Mifflintown, Pennsylvania
Norristown, Pennsylvania
Reading, Pennsylvania
West Chester, Pennsylvania
Whitehall, Pennsylvania
North Augusta, South Carolina
Orangeburg, South Carolina
Patrick, South Carolina
Prosperity, South Carolina
Crossville, Tennessee
Hendersonville, Tennessee
Knoxville, Tennessee
Arlington, Texas
Austin, Texas
Bulverde, Texas
Dallas, Texas
Denton, Texas
Fort Worth, Texas (2 reports)
Palestine, Texas
Palmer, Texas
Paris, Texas
San Antonio, Texas
Fort Valley, Virginia
Portsmouth, Virginia
Virginia Beach, Virginia
Bellingham, Washington
Camano Island, Washington
Ferndale, Washington
Kalama, Washington
Mountlake Terrace, Washington
Olympia, Washington
Port Angeles, Washington
Charleston, West Virginia
Liberty, West Virginia
Birchwood, Wisconsin
Madison, Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Racine, Wisconsin
Tripoli, Wisconsin

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