Sea Daffodil, Sand Lily, Northern Marsh Orchid

Pancratium maritimum

Family: Amaryllidaceae (am-uh-ril-id-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pancratium (pan-KRAY-tee-um) (Info)
Species: maritimum (muh-RIT-tim-mum) (Info)



Foliage Color:



Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)


9-12 in. (22-30 cm)


USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Late Summer/Early Fall



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Mission Viejo, California

Soquel, California

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Tangent, Oregon

Austin, Texas

Houston, Texas (2 reports)

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 31, 2012, aston49 wrote:

Plentiful in small area to the west of the 15th hole in Praia d'el Rey golf course on the Atlantic coast to the west of Obidos Portugal.
Have bought bulbs and planted for next year.


On Aug 1, 2011, portuguese_kate from Monte Redondo
Portugal (Zone 10a) wrote:

This grows wild in the dunes bordering the Atlantic in the Costa da Prata, (Silver Coast) where I live in Portugal. Roots v deeply and although get frosts here in Leziria (10 kms inland) survives and flowers very well in the wild.

When I can get hold of some bulbs, I'll try the suggestion of administering local sea salt once a month and let you all know!



On Mar 23, 2008, eliasastro from Athens
Greece (Zone 10a) wrote:

Very easy to grow, can thrive even in medium sized pots.
Very fragrant flowers and rich blooming in late summer.
All it needs is adding some salt in the compost every month or so.
If salt isn' t added the plants won' t last for many years.


On Nov 14, 2003, PurplePansies from Deal, NJ (Zone 7a) wrote:

Treat like you would treat tuberoses, overwintering in colder zones. Flowers are pleasantly fragrant, not knock you over but could definitely help scent a patio. Flowers are especially fragrant at night. Blooms are lovely, spidery daffodil-like and pure white. Very easy to grow. Likes full sun. I think plants like this (tuberose etc.) do best if left undisturbed in their pots for a few years, and given a cool (not cold) winter rest like on a porch or in a garage. ..........