Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Paper Birch, American White Birch, Canoe Birch
Betula papyrifera

Family: Betulaceae (beh-tyoo-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Betula (BET-yoo-luh) (Info)
Species: papyrifera (pap-ih-RIFF-er-uh) (Info)

5 vendors have this plant for sale.

8 members have or want this plant for trade.


over 40 ft. (12 m)

30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

USDA Zone 2b: to -42.7 C (-45 F)
USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Seed is poisonous if ingested
Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction
Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling
Pollen may cause allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring


Other details:
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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There are a total of 18 photos.
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2 positives
3 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Rickwebb On Dec 3, 2013, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

My favorite tree that I admired so much in the northwoods of Minnesota and Wisconsin, where it thrives and lives about 100 years old. It grows wild in the hills of northwest Illinois near Galena, and in central and northern PA. If planted in the Chicago area or around Philadelphia, PA, it usually lives about 30 years before killed by Bronze Birch Borer Beetle. However, I have seen some really big specimens growing in partly shaded and coloer locations in both places that had to be over 50 years old. Grows in acid or alkaline soils. Water during summer drought. Fast growing, about 1.5 to 2 ft/yr in landscapes.

Positive floramakros On Mar 24, 2012, floramakros from Davis, CA wrote:

I know it's native to America, but plant 3 of these in a row in front of a picture window, watch them sway in the breeze on a cold winter's day while listening to the song Somewhere My Love, and the sheer beauty of the scene will make you experience a little slice of Heaven deep in the Russian forest. Some trees give you auras of romance everytime you see them, this tree is one of them.

Neutral darylmitchell On Sep 6, 2005, darylmitchell from Saskatoon, SK (Zone 3a) wrote:

Pros: Rapid growth, strong wood, attractive white exfoliating bark and yellow autumn leaf colour, adaptable to a wide range of soils, source of food and shelter for wildlife.

Cons: Short-lived, not drought, heat or shade tolerant, susceptible to attack from the bronze birch borer and birch leaf miner.

The paper birch is the official state tree of New Hampshire and provincial tree of Saskatchewan.

Neutral smiln32 On Dec 9, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

This tree is found across Canada and the most northern parts of the U.S. (specifically Oregon). The trunk has thin, white bark and dark horizontal markings. Foliage is serrated and light to medium green in summer. Fruits are cylindrical shaped and about the width of a pencil and 1 1/2" in length.

Neutral mystic On Sep 14, 2002, mystic from Ewing, KY (Zone 6a) wrote:

Gets the name Paper Birch, from the paper like bark that on mature trees separates in papery strips and can be peeled off in sheets.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Flagstaff, Arizona
El Macero, California
Aurora, Illinois
Glen Ellyn, Illinois
Michigan City, Indiana
Dubuque, Iowa
Lawrence, Massachusetts
Grand Rapids, Michigan
Crosslake, Minnesota
Duluth, Minnesota
Grand Portage, Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Lincoln, Nebraska
Batavia, New York
Belfield, North Dakota
Salem, Oregon
Milford, Pennsylvania
Reading, Pennsylvania
West Chester, Pennsylvania
Newport News, Virginia
De Pere, Wisconsin
Hayward, Wisconsin
Mc Farland, Wisconsin
Neenah, Wisconsin

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