High-bush Cranberry, Squashberry, Lowbush Cranberry, Mooseberry, Few-Flowered Highbush Cranberry

Viburnum edule

Family: Adoxaceae (a-dox-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Viburnum (vy-BUR-num) (Info)
Species: edule (ED-yew-lee) (Info)


Edible Fruits and Nuts


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

By simple layering

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anchorage, Alaska (2 reports)

Georgetown, Kentucky

Eaton Rapids, Michigan

Farmington, New Hampshire

Sequim, Washington

Gardeners' Notes:


On Sep 14, 2002, Weezingreens from Seward, AK (Zone 3b) wrote:

High-bush cranberry is a common sight throughout most of Alaska. While the lower leaves have three lobes, similar to a maple, the upper leaves are elliptical. The leaves burnish red in the fall. Small white clusters of flowers are followed by clusters of red berries in late summer or early fall. The soft, sour, red berries have a large seed and exude a strange odor. They can be used for syrups and jellies.


On Jan 28, 2002, Copperbaron from Vicksburg, MS (Zone 8a) wrote:

Highbush cranberry is an erect to straggly shrub that grows to 8' and is native to the northern US, Alaska, and Canada. The white flowers are in small, flattened clusters up to 1" wide. Red or orange fruits form clusters of from 2 to 5 frutis each. The fruits are hard and sour and become soft and mildly acidic after exposure to autumn freezes. They are used to make very good preserves. The fall foliage is crimson red.

Highbush cranberry is found in moist forests and forest edges, thickets, rocky slopes streambanks, river terraces, and rocky shorelines.