Spacing: 18-24 in. (45-60 cm) 24-36 in. (60-90 cm)
Hardiness: USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F) USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F) USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F) USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F) USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F) USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F) USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F) USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)
Sun Exposure: Partial to Full Shade
Danger: All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Bloom Color: Purple White/Near White
Bloom Time: Late Summer/Early Fall Mid Fall
Foliage: Herbaceous Chartreuse/Yellow Mottled
Other details: Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings This plant is resistant to deer
Soil pH requirements: 5.6 to 6.0 (acidic) 6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic) 6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
Patent Information: Non-patented
Propagation Methods: By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets) From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse From seed; sow indoors before last frost
Seed Collecting: Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
On Mar 29, 2011, MissWeed from Raymond, MS (Zone 8b) wrote:
I've only had this plant since last autumn, and have kept it potted till now. It had gotten a bit leggy, so I cut it back and put the cuttings in water - they rooted within days, and now I have several more plants potted up.
It grows perennially and strongly in Tulsa, Oklahoma, even spreading itself to 8 feet away, in almost total shade. I discovered today that bees spend a great time in a flower, wagging their abdomens while their head is deep in the flower's throat, leading me to believe the plant has plenty of nectar that can be used by bees. Bees are under lots of stress with pesticides, herbicides, being trucked across the country to pollinate crops, so growing flowers they can use pleases me.
On Oct 23, 2006, quasymoto from Bloomfield, IA (Zone 5b) wrote:
I really love this plant and am so happy to have the ones I do have. This was the first "full" year in the ground. The foliage did great, but I didn't get any blooms. Not sure if it takes a while to get blooms or if I should have watered more. But I will water more next summer.
On Oct 4, 2004, Toxicodendron from Piedmont, MO (Zone 6a) wrote:
A beautiful plant with very welcome late season blooms. Mine often is still blooming when we get a frost in Autumn. However, because it blooms so late, it needs extra watering all summer and also the foliage will need protection from insects and diseases to look great with the blooms. I first tried it in the wooded areas here, but it looked awful and bloomed very sparingly. I now have them in a shady moist bed where they get regular care and they are loaded with blooms.
On Apr 20, 2003, sterhill from Atlanta, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:
I found that they will grow wonderfully from seed. Save the seed pods in the fall and start them under a shop light in the spring. I had hundreds! Had to cull them out and give away all I could. Planted them all over. Takes a little while to germinate, but very hardy!
On Jul 1, 2001, RiseAnn from Rapid City, SD (Zone 5b) wrote:
Unusual white star shaped flowers speckled with purple in fall. Hairy foliage. Enjoys humus-rich, moist well drained soil. Blooms late fall - best viewed up close.
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
, Auburn, Alabama Huntsville, Alabama Vincent, Alabama Wetumpka, Alabama Calistoga, California Del Rey Oaks, California Fremont, California Oakland, California Pleasant Hill, California Sacramento, California San Francisco, California Northwest Harwinton, Connecticut Keystone Heights, Florida Wellborn, Florida Atlanta, Georgia Dunwoody, Georgia Thomasville, Georgia Chicago, Illinois Gages Lake, Illinois Lake In The Hills, Illinois Machesney Park, Illinois Northfield, Illinois Plainfield, Illinois Quincy, Illinois Salem, Illinois Waukegan, Illinois Indianapolis, Indiana Bloomfield, Iowa Broeck Pointe, Kentucky Franklin, Louisiana Hammond, Louisiana Lafayette, Louisiana New Orleans, Louisiana Bar Mills, Maine Baltimore, Maryland Cloverly, Maryland Pikesville, Maryland Westminster, Maryland Cambridge, Massachusetts Halifax, Massachusetts Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts Newton Highlands, Massachusetts South Duxbury, Massachusetts Falcon Heights, Minnesota South Saint Paul, Minnesota Learned, Mississippi Natchez, Mississippi Columbia, Missouri Piedmont, Missouri Auburn, New Hampshire East Wakefield, New Hampshire Hamilton, New Jersey Jersey City, New Jersey Lawrenceville, New Jersey Berkshire, New York Balfour, North Carolina Brevard, North Carolina Elizabeth City, North Carolina High Point, North Carolina Raleigh, North Carolina (2 reports) Devola, Ohio Fruit Hill, Ohio Butler, Pennsylvania Morrisville, Pennsylvania New Hope, Pennsylvania Reynoldsville, Pennsylvania Swissvale, Pennsylvania West Goshen, Pennsylvania Conway, South Carolina Dunean, South Carolina Myrtle Beach, South Carolina Colonial Pine Hills, South Dakota Elizabethton, Tennessee Hendersonville, Tennessee Alvin, Texas Austin, Texas (2 reports) Colmesneil, Texas Conroe, Texas Frisco, Texas Garland, Texas Houston, Texas La Porte, Texas Missouri City, Texas Essex Junction, Vermont Cave Spring, Virginia Henrico, Virginia Sterling, Virginia Kalama, Washington Shoreline, Washington Madison, Wisconsin Shorewood Hills, Wisconsin