Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Field Pansy
Viola arvensis

Family: Violaceae (vy-oh-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Viola (vy-OH-la) (Info)
Species: arvensis (ar-VEN-sis) (Info)

Alpines and Rock Gardens

12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

12-15 in. (30-38 cm)
15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Pale Yellow

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall


Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

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1 positive
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral Baa On Jan 9, 2003, Baa wrote:

A true annual Viola from Europe.

Has ovate to oblong, mid-green, toothed leaves. Bears tiny (10-15mm), spurred, creamy coloured flowers with a yellow eye and black whiskers. Occasionally you might find a blue-violet or a cream flushed blue-violet flower.

Flowers April to November

Loves a well-drained soil in sun or light shade but needs shade during the hottest part of the day or in hot climates.

This is considered a weed of arable land here in England and can often be seen flowering in the headlands of arable fields, if you look closely enough that is. Don't expect a showy plant, this isn't the chap to wow the neighbours with ... unless you give them a magnifying glass! The flower is about as large as the nail on your little finger.

Positive Evert On Sep 29, 2002, Evert from Helsinki
Finland (Zone 4b) wrote:

Small, pretty Viola species, with dainty yellow flowers. Self-seeds.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Garberville, California
Millersburg, Pennsylvania
West Chester, Pennsylvania

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