Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Nuttall's Death Camas
Toxicoscordion nuttallii

Family: Melanthiaceae
Genus: Toxicoscordion (toks-ee-ko-SKOR-dee-on) (Info)
Species: nuttallii (nut-AL-ee-eye) (Info)

Synonym:Zigadenus nuttallii

One member has or wants this plant for trade.


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

Unknown - Tell us

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
Pale Yellow

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer


Other details:
Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors
Direct sow as soon as the ground can be worked

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Click thumbnail
to view:

By slemcke
Thumbnail #1 of Toxicoscordion nuttallii by slemcke

By LindaTX8
Thumbnail #2 of Toxicoscordion nuttallii by LindaTX8

By vossner
Thumbnail #3 of Toxicoscordion nuttallii by vossner

By vossner
Thumbnail #4 of Toxicoscordion nuttallii by vossner

By vossner
Thumbnail #5 of Toxicoscordion nuttallii by vossner


No positives
No neutrals
1 negative

Gardeners' Notes:

Negative vossner On Mar 28, 2012, vossner from Richmond, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Nuttall deathcamas is found in the eastern third of Texas on open prairies, on hillsides with calcareous rocks and in post oak areas. This plant is seldom noticed except for the short period when it is in bloom. Deathcamas contains alkaloids toxic to all livestock species, but it causes very few poisonings because it is unpalatable. Animals consuming as little as 0.25 percent of their body weight of green plants may display signs of poisoning in a few hours. Sheep have been known to eat the young plants in early spring when other forage is scarce. However, most of the deathcamas in Texas grows where there are few sheep. Humans have been poisoned after mistaking the bulbs for onions. The name deathcamas comes from the fact is looks very similar to the totally unrelated species Camassia. I found this growing in pastures N of Buffalo, TX.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Buffalo, Texas

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