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PlantFiles: Beach Rose, Japanese Rose, Wrinkle-Leaved Rose, Saltspray Rose, Ramanas Rose
Rosa rugosa

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Rosa (RO-zuh) (Info)
Species: rugosa (roo-GO-suh) (Info)

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4 vendors have this plant for sale.

27 members have or want this plant for trade.


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)
4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)
6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)
4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

USDA Zone 2a: to -45.5 C (-50 F)
USDA Zone 2b: to -42.7 C (-45 F)
USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Bloom Color:
Mauve and mauve blend (mb)

Bloom Shape:

Flower Fragrance:
Very Fragrant

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer


Patent Information:

Other Details:
Resistant to black spot
Resistant to mildew
Resistant to rust

Pruning Instructions:
Blooms on old wood; prune after flowering
Blooms on new wood; prune early to promote new growth

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Propagation Methods:
From softwood cuttings
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors
Scarify seed before sowing

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By Evert
Thumbnail #1 of Rosa rugosa by Evert

By Evert
Thumbnail #2 of Rosa rugosa by Evert

By Weezingreens
Thumbnail #3 of Rosa rugosa by Weezingreens

By Weezingreens
Thumbnail #4 of Rosa rugosa by Weezingreens

Thumbnail #5 of Rosa rugosa by KMAC

By trifunov
Thumbnail #6 of Rosa rugosa by trifunov

By jnana
Thumbnail #7 of Rosa rugosa by jnana

There are a total of 18 photos.
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3 positives
3 neutrals
2 negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral coriaceous On Sep 27, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

Tough, easy, and adaptable, this species will naturalize happily in beach sand a hundred feet from the ocean. It blooms continuously through the season, with a strong clove/old rose fragrance. Flowers last only a day or so, and they don't make long-lasting cut flowers. Deadheading helps keep blooms coming, but at the cost of the crop of hips.

The hips are large and showy---tastiest when softened by frost, and excellent for making rose hip jelly or syrup (high in Vitamin C). The foliage develops excellent yellow-to-red fall color, at least in my climate.

The canes bristle with tightly packed, needle-like prickles.

This species spreads indefinitely---and often aggressively---by suckering when it's grown on its own roots.

It has good resistance to black spot even here on the humid east coast---which is fortunate, because it will quickly defoliate when sprayed with anything but water.

Rosa rugosa has naturalized in 19 states and has now become cause for concern as an invasive plant in dry sandy shorelines, especially in the northeastern US. There it forms extensive spiny thickets that exclude native vegetation. It does not seem to be a problem inland.

Connecticut has declared it "potentially invasive" but has not prohibited its sale.

Neutral Gabrielle On Feb 28, 2012, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

A fair enough species rose, decent hips. Blooms in July in my garden.

Positive GardenPixi On Jun 2, 2009, GardenPixi from Anchor Point, AK wrote:

I love these roses. You only have to prune them. I have several different kinds of the Rosa rugosa. They do spread very aggressively. I am always giving them away, planting them in a different spot or just throwing them away. The rose hips taste amazing!

Negative spiny1000 On Jan 14, 2008, spiny1000 from Lillestrm
Norway (Zone 5a) wrote:

This plant makes good shelter in windy saline coastal areas and beaches, but beware of its invasive nature! It could fill your backyard, and is capable of displacing native species.
Very useful and beautiful though, but blacklisted in several countries.

Neutral soarpoint On Jan 14, 2008, soarpoint from Warwick, RI wrote:

Rosa rugosa is also commonly referred to as beach rose. Living on Narragansett Bay, rugosa grows along the shoreline (and in my yard) "naturally". These wild rogasa tend to be pink and sometimes white. They can be very invasive, sending trailers out up to 18 inches from the main root. They get very leggy and I've found that they can be severely trimmed occasionally(early spring) and come back much thicker and healthier.

Positive trifunov On Oct 8, 2004, trifunov from Brandon, MS (Zone 8a) wrote:

I planted several pinks ('Wildberry Breeze') and whites ('Wild Spice') in early summer this year. They make a beautiful hedge, growing relatively wide and low. They have a LOT of thorns, tiny spikey ones. Each flower lasts about a day, but they bloomed continuously (with deadheading) from when I planted them until late fall. If they are not deadheaded they make huge, beautiful red rosehips. Apparently rugosa roses do not like to be sprayed.

Negative vezza On Jun 8, 2003, vezza from Fostoria, OH (Zone 5b) wrote:

These roses will spread even into the yard via underground runners. Very aggressive!

Positive Weezingreens On Dec 4, 2002, Weezingreens from Seward, AK (Zone 3b) wrote:

Rugosa roses originate from the coastal dunes along Northern Japan and Siberia. They are cold-hardy and disease resistant. The foliage of the rugosa is comprised of 5-9 ovate to elliptical leaflets that can reach 3" long and are wrinkled on the upper surface.

Pink or white blooms appear in summer, and in late summer, fruit develops (rose hips) that are the size of small crab apples. These rose hips are rich in vitamin C. There are many new cultivars of the original Japanese rugosa that was hybridized in England in the late 1800's. Now varieties are available with blooms of red, white, and yellow.

In Alaska, these roses are often referred to as 'Sitka Rose' because there is a unsubstantiated bit of folklore that states that this rose was introduced to Sitka by the Russians when they arrived in Southeaster Alaska. Alaskan rugosa rose hips are often used to make jelly.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anchor Point, Alaska
Seward, Alaska
Anaheim, California
Carrick, California
Milford, Delaware
Snellville, Georgia
Carol Stream, Illinois
Chicago, Illinois
Glen Ellyn, Illinois
Washington, Illinois
Smiths Grove, Kentucky
Brookeville, Maryland
Roslindale, Massachusetts
South Lyon, Michigan
Traverse City, Michigan
Brandon, Mississippi
Marietta, Mississippi
Fredericton, New Brunswick
Fayetteville, North Carolina
Bucyrus, Ohio
Shawnee, Oklahoma
Waldport, Oregon
Greencastle, Pennsylvania
Middletown, Rhode Island
Wakefield, Rhode Island
Warwick, Rhode Island
Florence, South Carolina
Spokane, Washington

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