Beach Rose, Japanese Rose, Wrinkle-Leaved Rose, Saltspray Rose, Ramanas Rose
Rosa rugosa

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Rosa (RO-zuh) (Info)
Species: rugosa (roo-GO-suh) (Info)
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Class:

Rugosa

Height:

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

Spacing:

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 2a: to -45.5 C (-50 F)

USDA Zone 2b: to -42.7 C (-45 F)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Bloom Color:

Mauve and mauve blend (mb)

Bloom Shape:

Single

Flower Fragrance:

Very Fragrant

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Habit:

Shrub

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Other Details:

Shade-tolerant

Salt-tolerant

Resistant to black spot

Resistant to mildew

Resistant to rust

Pruning Instructions:

Blooms on old wood; prune after flowering

Blooms on new wood; prune early to promote new growth

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Scarify seed before sowing

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Pusztafalu,

Anchor Point, Alaska

Seward, Alaska

Anaheim, California

Carrick, California

Milford, Delaware

Snellville, Georgia

Carol Stream, Illinois

Chicago, Illinois

Glen Ellyn, Illinois

Washington, Illinois

Smiths Grove, Kentucky

Brookeville, Maryland

Roslindale, Massachusetts

South Lyon, Michigan

Traverse City, Michigan

Brandon, Mississippi

Marietta, Mississippi

Fredericton, New Brunswick

Fayetteville, North Carolina

Bucyrus, Ohio

Shawnee, Oklahoma

Waldport, Oregon

Greencastle, Pennsylvania

Middletown, Rhode Island

Wakefield, Rhode Island

Warwick, Rhode Island

Florence, South Carolina

Bellingham, Washington

Spokane, Washington

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Gardeners' Notes:

3
positives
3
neutrals
2
negatives
RatingContent
Neutral

On Sep 27, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

Tough, easy, and adaptable, this species will naturalize happily in beach sand a hundred feet from the ocean. It blooms continuously through the season, with a strong clove/old rose fragrance. Flowers last only a day or so, and they don't make long-lasting cut flowers. Deadheading helps keep blooms coming, but at the cost of the crop of hips.

The hips are large and showy---tastiest when softened by frost, and excellent for making rose hip jelly or syrup (high in Vitamin C). The foliage develops excellent yellow-to-red fall color, at least in my climate.

The canes bristle with tightly packed, needle-like prickles.

This species spreads indefinitely---and often aggressively---by suckering when it's grown on its own roots.

It has good... read more

Neutral

On Feb 28, 2012, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

A fair enough species rose, decent hips. Blooms in July in my garden.

Positive

On Jun 2, 2009, GardenPixi from Anchor Point, AK wrote:

I love these roses. You only have to prune them. I have several different kinds of the Rosa rugosa. They do spread very aggressively. I am always giving them away, planting them in a different spot or just throwing them away. The rose hips taste amazing!

Negative

On Jan 14, 2008, spiny1000 from Lillestrm
Norway (Zone 5a) wrote:

This plant makes good shelter in windy saline coastal areas and beaches, but beware of its invasive nature! It could fill your backyard, and is capable of displacing native species.
Very useful and beautiful though, but blacklisted in several countries.

Neutral

On Jan 14, 2008, soarpoint from Warwick, RI wrote:

Rosa rugosa is also commonly referred to as beach rose. Living on Narragansett Bay, rugosa grows along the shoreline (and in my yard) "naturally". These wild rogasa tend to be pink and sometimes white. They can be very invasive, sending trailers out up to 18 inches from the main root. They get very leggy and I've found that they can be severely trimmed occasionally(early spring) and come back much thicker and healthier.

Positive

On Oct 8, 2004, trifunov from Brandon, MS (Zone 8a) wrote:

I planted several pinks ('Wildberry Breeze') and whites ('Wild Spice') in early summer this year. They make a beautiful hedge, growing relatively wide and low. They have a LOT of thorns, tiny spikey ones. Each flower lasts about a day, but they bloomed continuously (with deadheading) from when I planted them until late fall. If they are not deadheaded they make huge, beautiful red rosehips. Apparently rugosa roses do not like to be sprayed.

Negative

On Jun 8, 2003, vezza from Fostoria, OH (Zone 5b) wrote:

These roses will spread even into the yard via underground runners. Very aggressive!

Positive

On Dec 4, 2002, Weezingreens from Seward, AK (Zone 3b) wrote:

Rugosa roses originate from the coastal dunes along Northern Japan and Siberia. They are cold-hardy and disease resistant. The foliage of the rugosa is comprised of 5-9 ovate to elliptical leaflets that can reach 3" long and are wrinkled on the upper surface.

Pink or white blooms appear in summer, and in late summer, fruit develops (rose hips) that are the size of small crab apples. These rose hips are rich in vitamin C. There are many new cultivars of the original Japanese rugosa that was hybridized in England in the late 1800's. Now varieties are available with blooms of red, white, and yellow.

In Alaska, these roses are often referred to as 'Sitka Rose' because there is a unsubstantiated bit of folklore that states that this rose was introduced to Sitka by... read more