Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Myrtle
Myrtus communis

Family: Myrtaceae (mir-TAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Myrtus (MER-tus) (Info)
Species: communis (KOM-yoo-nis) (Info)

15 members have or want this plant for trade.


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall


Other details:
Flowers are fragrant
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From softwood cuttings

Seed Collecting:
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

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There are a total of 10 photos.
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3 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive cactusjumper On Jul 3, 2013, cactusjumper from Glendale, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

Assuming I have the correct species for this page, I have a Myrtus Boetica, known as Twisted Myrtle. This is a wonderful plant here in Phoenix, Arizona, zone 9b. It takes on a wonderful form with very little litter given its size. It took a while for it to get established, but once it did, it just grew wonderfully. One can trim the branches to fit in almost any area and to some degree its shape. It takes little water. I saturate the ground once a week in the Hotest parts of the summer, which may be much more than it needs.

Positive Agaveguy On May 19, 2009, Agaveguy from San Antonio, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

I have never noticed any spines on this plant.

Positive welshherblady On Oct 21, 2002, welshherblady from Isle of Anglesey,North Wales
United Kingdom (Zone 8a) wrote:

Myrtle is an attractive evergreen shrub which likes a sheltered well drained position. Does NOT like cold burning winds.
The aromatic flowers were used in bridal bouquets.
Medicinally an infusion made from the leaves is said to ease flatulence and colic,and to be useful in cases of chest infections when taken with honey.
Mytle berries are used to sweeten the breath and can also be used for hair colouring - though I have no personal experience with this!
Dried Myrtle berries were used as a spice.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Glendale, Arizona
Fresno, California
Napa, California
San Francisco, California
Seaside, California
Orlando, Florida
Alice, Texas
Blanket, Texas
Fulshear, Texas
San Antonio, Texas

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