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Myrtus communis

Family: Myrtaceae (mir-TAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Myrtus (MER-tus) (Info)
Species: communis (KOM-yoo-nis) (Info)





10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)


USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall




Other details:

Flowers are fragrant

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Glendale, Arizona

Fresno, California

Napa, California

San Francisco, California

Seaside, California

Orlando, Florida

Alice, Texas

Blanket, Texas

Fulshear, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jul 3, 2013, cactusjumper from Glendale, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

Assuming I have the correct species for this page, I have a Myrtus Boetica, known as Twisted Myrtle. This is a wonderful plant here in Phoenix, Arizona, zone 9b. It takes on a wonderful form with very little litter given its size. It took a while for it to get established, but once it did, it just grew wonderfully. One can trim the branches to fit in almost any area and to some degree its shape. It takes little water. I saturate the ground once a week in the Hotest parts of the summer, which may be much more than it needs.


On May 19, 2009, Agaveguy from San Antonio, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

I have never noticed any spines on this plant.


On Oct 21, 2002, welshherblady from Isle of Anglesey,North Wales
United Kingdom (Zone 8a) wrote:

Myrtle is an attractive evergreen shrub which likes a sheltered well drained position. Does NOT like cold burning winds.
The aromatic flowers were used in bridal bouquets.
Medicinally an infusion made from the leaves is said to ease flatulence and colic,and to be useful in cases of chest infections when taken with honey.
Mytle berries are used to sweeten the breath and can also be used for hair colouring - though I have no personal experience with this!
Dried Myrtle berries were used as a spice.