Height: 24-36 in. (60-90 cm) 36-48 in. (90-120 cm) 4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)
Spacing: 24-36 in. (60-90 cm)
Hardiness: USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F) USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F) USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F) USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F) USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F) USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F) USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)
Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade
Bloom Color: Medium Blue Dark Blue
Bloom Time: Mid Spring Late Spring/Early Summer Mid Summer Late Summer/Early Fall Mid Fall
Foliage: Herbaceous Aromatic
Other details: Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds Flowers are fragrant
Soil pH requirements: 6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic) 6.6 to 7.5 (neutral) 7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
Patent Information: Non-patented
Propagation Methods: By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets) From softwood cuttings
Seed Collecting: Collect seedhead/pod when flowers fade; allow to dry
On Apr 14, 2013, May_Z from Grass Valley, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:
I grow this plant in Northern California, USDA zone 9a. We get snow here, I had 3" of ice on my ponds in February and temps down to 23F. However, these plants came back for me---and spread like crazy already, so early in spring. Not only that, but they seeded, I have seeds up everywhere.
It's a good thing I love this plant, which was 2X2 for me last year, planted from a 4" pot, because I am going to have a lot of it. It spreads by runners, it spreads by seed, even in this climate.
Mine bloomed the entire summer until autumn. It's a beautiful plant here in Grass Valley, CA. I think mine is spreading so much because it's in fabulous soil and gets plenty of water (it likes its water.)
The runners are quite shallow, so I think any I plant in future will be planted with a barrier around them, like the top cut off a pot to stop the spread.
I bought one, and I initially put it front and center in my garden. Then I read everyone else's comments about how invasive the plant can be, so I moved it to the back fence.
It's in full shade and it almost never gets watered and it LOVES it back there. It's withstood about three summers now of 100+ degree temperatures and a strictly Darwinian watering regime (that almost killed three 5-yo elderberries) and it's bigger and better than ever.
On Apr 30, 2012, hamptons from Watermill, NY wrote:
The first time I owned this plant was as part of a pot of various plants my husband had bought me for Mother's Day. I was flabbergasted to see a hummingbird -- the first hummingbird I'd ever seen on my property -- come up to the porch and feed from the flower. I went down the block to the greenhouse where he'd bought the potted flowers and told them all about this blue plant that attracted hummingbirds and how I wanted to buy more. Luckily, they had 2 plants left, so I bought them and put them in my flower bed and I had hummingbirds all summer.
The plant does not overwinter where I am, even when planted in full sun and even after the somewhat mild winter we had this year. I have to buy it each year, which is ok now that many garden centers and even big box stores carry it. I'm not good at maintaining plants or cuttings indoors over winter because no matter what, I get those blasted spider mites somewhere along the line.
It's funny how many plants I've bought over the years which claim on the label to be "hummingbird plants," yet I've never seen a hummer anywhere near them, whereas the label on this plant in shops almost never mentions that it is a hummingbird magnet.
On Apr 19, 2012, sierra77 from Cedar Valley, OK (Zone 6b) wrote:
Sounds like the farther south this plant is grown, the more it spreads. I have it in two areas of my garden in Oklahoma, borderline between zones 6-7. One gets almost a full day of sun. We have rich, heavy clay soil. It has spread slowly over the past four years I've had it and two years ago I divided it and planted some at the northwest corner of the house where it only gets a max of half a day of sun and the soil is quite moist as it is near the water hydrant. I was concerned that it might not over-winter in the moist soil but it has both years, growing amid a bed of chameleon plant. I've also seen it growing on the east side of a house and it was about 3 feet tall, nice specimen. Just beautiful and our hummers really go for it.
Both the foliage and flowers of this plant are attractive. The hummingbirds seen to prefer these out of everything else in my garden. I have not found this to to be invasive and, in fact, have had some difficulty establishing it in certain areas of my garden. It is easy to propagate.
I have had this plant for about 4 years ago. I planted it from a 1 gallon plant. I wouldnt call it invasive, but I would call it above-average aggressive. It has spread from about 6 inches wide to about 4 feet. It is a beautiful plant all spring and summer. Hummingbirds love it. I will probably cut some of the tubers out or some of the plant itself later this year as it has just about grown as large as I want it to.
On Jan 14, 2012, anniegolden from Dover, DE wrote:
I grew this for the first time (Dover, Delaware, zone 7a) during the summer of 2011. It was a hummingbird magnet. If you sat and stared at this plant for more than about 2 minutes, you were guaranteed to see hummers. It grew to about 3 1/2 feet tall and just as wide, and I had to occasionally whack it back a little. This spring I'm going to plant it in front of a window in a protected area, and from what I've read in other comments, I can probably expect it to overwinter. I love this plant.
On Dec 23, 2011, AmandaEsq from Greensboro, NC (Zone 7b) wrote:
I planted 3 in a bed which receives full sun but only for part of the day. The plants are lined up in a north-south direction, and the one farthest from the sun/gets the least sun is much smaller than the plant up front which receives FS for about 8 hours in summer.
The hummers love it, as do I. I deadhead frequently in summer and perhaps keep it from growing much taller. I created the bed it is planted in when we moved here just below the back porch. It is bounded by concrete on 3 sides and aside from the random transplant by me has no real competitors.
I've seen this billed as a "xeric" plant, or requiring little water. I bought a potted "Black and Blue" and put it on the south side of my house where it was in full sun for about five hours a day. I amended the soil with compost. I had to water it like crazy just to keep it alive. It took all growing season just to reach about two and a half feet.
On Aug 7, 2011, gffncincy from Monfort Heights East, OH wrote:
ok, now i feel really terrible as I see all these comments that the plants are thick and invasive, I can barely get mine to grow a foot the past two years and is not blooming any longer. I agree, the hummingbirds LOVE this plant, and I have two, but neither of them grow much. The plant is in full sun, in well drained soil, I've added compost to the area as it has some clay in the area. Any suggestions? The nursery told me to divide it, but I barely have any stems on it now. It did good the first two years I had the plant.
On Jul 11, 2011, HunterOrion from Warrington, FL wrote:
I'm going to go with neutral on this one just because as others have said - it _can_ be horribly invasive, at least under the right conditions. It is a pretty plant, attractive to hummingbirds, and very drought-tolerant; but if I'd had any idea how tough it was going to be to eradicate from the flowerbed I originally planted it in, I'd never have put one there. [and in fact I found this page while looking for some way to get rid of them permanently that doesn't involve herbicide or digging up the entire bed - and the latter I'm not even sure would do it, unless I remove every inch of soil a foot or more down.]
The bed I originally planted it in is one I normally only plant annuals in; so it's got better-than-usual soil (probably 4-6" of peat/potting soil mixture, with native sand underneath). The Salvia loved it - and is still loving it, unfortunately. Four years after moving the one plant, I am *still* having them come up in that bed, all over the place; and every time I think I've gotten them all out of there, more will appear. I've given dozens of the roots I've dug out of there away (most of which have sprouted for the new owners, unless allowed to dry out too much before replanting), transplanted a few to places where nothing else wants to grow - and still, they keep coming back in that one bed, even though none have been allowed to remain in there long enough even to flower, for years now. They are nothing if not persistent...
But that is of course often the way of things...where I don't mind them being or actively want them to be, they're not multiplying like that. Only where I don't want them to be are they propagating like mad... :D
On May 22, 2011, themadchemist from Johnston City, IL wrote:
Hum, living in So IL I've never had one make it through the winter but I'd gladly let it invade. I usually wont buy perennials out of zone but I can't not have this beautiful plant in my gardens. The Bright green leaves contrasted to the black stems and Lapis (Tut head-dress) coloured blooms make it one of my all time fav's. Also with dead-heading of spent blooms, it blooms all summer for me. Of all my plantings it draws the most comments. I'm building a greenhouse this summer so maybe I can get some to over winter and stop having to re-purchase every year.
On Mar 19, 2011, hummerdude from Dallas, TX wrote:
This is an easy gorgeous perrenial that will attract lots of bees, hummers and human admirers. It blooms until first frost. This is the the third year after 3 or 4 original plants and it is coming back quite thick this spring (and we got down to 10 degrees this winter!) Now I can share some with my sister as well as put some in the backyard. I would say it's hardy--not invasive--quit whining people! -- HSH, Dallas, Texas
On Jan 23, 2011, lsuzuki from Beavercreek, OH (Zone 5b) wrote:
This plant has overwintered 2 years in a row with a thick mulch of shredded leaves in my zone 5B/6A garden. The spot where it successfully overwintered is very well drained and has a light soil. However, this is the only spot where it successfully overwintered for me - it didn't make it in more typical Ohio garden conditions (heavy with clay). Occasionally, I've had it self seed, but not prolifically. It roots easily from cuttings. This is my favorite salvia and the hummingbirds love it too.
This is a lovely and surprisingly hardy plant, highly recommended. No issues with invasive spreading, after how we've treated it I'm shocked that it's still alive! We're planning on propagating from cuttings.
On Dec 10, 2010, Get_growing from Dallas, TX wrote:
Thanks to all for warning about invasive nature! I've had no problems so far, probably because of the awful heat last summer (mine got all-day sun which was too much for them).That said, colors are beautiful, long bloomer, and of course, very hardy! Think I'll move to containers...
On Jun 2, 2010, gardeningfun from Harpersfield, OH (Zone 5a) wrote:
Grown only as annuals here in Madison and Geneva, Ohio. My friend in Madison, however, has one coming back this spring! We shall see how it does over summer. She said she mulched over it real well to protect it some for winter, just to see. Seems to have rewarded her. It is in a pretty populated bed with lots of large trees and tall shrubs behind it. We love this plant and it is one of my favorite salvias.
On Mar 21, 2010, ladybug_pc from Mcdonough, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:
This is a great plant. Humming bird's love it and the previous post is correct; the honey bees "cheat" and gather nector from the base of the flower. I haven't found this plant to be invasive. It just gradually becomes a thicker, slighty wider clump. I have part of the fence line edged with this plant (it grows 3 feet tall for me) and I have a large clump on the back side of my chaste tree. The dark blue flowers and lime green leaves on this plant make a beautiful contrast.
On Aug 12, 2009, lothianjavert from North East, MD (Zone 6b) wrote:
I love this plant, but I think the hummers love it even more. I have a large variety of agastache, lobelia and other salvias, but this is by far the hummingbirds' favorite.
Last year was the first year I grew Salvia guaranitica 'Black and Blue', and sadly, it did not survive the winter. I'm in 6b, which is supposedly just outside of the hardiness zone. I didn't expect the one in the back to come back, as the soil stays quite wet through the winter. However, the one in the raised bed (well drained) next to the foundation also didn't make it. I will admit it was an odd winter with spells of unseasonably warm weather followed by temperatures below zero, and several major ice storms.
I am trying again this year, and I've added a great deal of sand, perlite and mulch to the 'Black and Blue' in the back garden. S. guaranitica 'Omaha Gold' is in the front raised bed. Hopefully they come back. Even if they don't, they are worth growing as an annual, and I'll continue to grow them.
On Jul 27, 2009, Hemophobic from Kannapolis, NC wrote:
I love this salvia and have it at both houses, the one here in Kannapolis and the one in Asheville. It grows well, overwinters, of course, and draws bees and hummers. So far it has been well behaved in my gardens.
Beautiful dark blue flowers that hummingbirds love. Unfortunately, it tried to take over my flower bed. Extremely aggressive, I've pulled the original 3 plants and the remaining roots are still popping up new plants 4 months later, even through the landscaping fabric!! Had I known it was so aggressive, I wouldn't have planted it. Replaced it with a salvia greggii.
On Jun 12, 2008, khasdorff from Victoria, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:
As already stated, a beautiful plant, gorgeous color and hummers love it, but....it has become a real thug in my garden. Completely died to the ground over winter, but came back with a vengeance and has overtaken and choked out everything around. Trying to eradicate it is challenging, to say the least. Just when I think I have pulled up every little underground runner...up pops a bright green leaf! I would only recommend this for out of the way areas or in a container. I'm not sure even a container could control it!
On Apr 29, 2008, Lily_love from Central, AL (Zone 7b) wrote:
This is my first spring with this newly added beauty to the garden, unsure how it's going to perform in my zone, thus I'll leave this as anitial entry, plus picture of how lovely it looks in my sunny flower bed.
On Mar 19, 2008, TropiTiki from Murrells Inlet, SC (Zone 8b) wrote:
I planted this two years ago and it has become one of my faves. Everyone that sees it loves it, and it is a favorite of the hummingbirds also, as well as hummingbird moths. Last year the two together grew over three feet wide and three feet tall. I'm getting a little afraid that it may turn invasive on me since I have five plants coming up in the bed this year and three more in the grassy path, but it'll be worth the trouble.
On Oct 27, 2007, Sashagirl from Davenport, IA (Zone 5a) wrote:
I discovered this plant just this year, and wonder how I ever got along without it!!
I bought 3, in quart pots, at my favorite garden center.
At first, I wasn't impressed with it, but after a few weeks in the ground, I was in awe.
The foliage and blooms look rather delicate, but this is a sturdy, easy care plant, that requires very little water or fertilizer, to put on a glorious show.
I have many red and trumpet shaped flowers for the Hummers to feast on, but these plants were their absolute favorites!!
The only problem I had, was locating any seeds from them. Never did find any. rats.
Two of the plants are close to the foundation of my home, so I'm hoping they overwinter. If not, I WILL be seeking out more, next year. A lovely addition to any landscape.
On Apr 7, 2007, Debndal from Coppell, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:
The hummingbirds come to this plant first in my yard, and I have many of their favorites, flame acanthus, red salvias, and turks cap. I have 2 of the b&b and the one that gets just a little bit of shade does the best. The other gets afternoon reflected heat off the fence and it suffers in July/August. I do worry that if I don't watch for the underground offshoots in early spring when it starts to leaf out that it could be a little invasive, but if caught early, the offshoots are easily removed. Highly recommend this easy perennial.
On Dec 27, 2006, pal2k9s from Lake Arrowhead, CA (Zone 8a) wrote:
In the spring I planted 3 four-inch tall 'Black and Blue' plants in a dry, sunny area of my garden where I couldn't get much to grow. They rewarded me with amazing growth by summer, reaching almost 5 feet tall. In my garden, they bloom constantly until the first freeze. The flowers are gorgeous, and the scent of the leaves is amazing. And they reseed very nicely as well. They enjoy a good drink once a week unless it's really hot- then an extra watering or two keeps them happy.
One of my favorite activities is watching all the bees and hummingbirds flock around these plants. It's really funny to see the huge bumblebees try to get to the nectar of these narrow flowers. Many bees 'cheat' to get to the nectar; they make a small hole in the calyx of the flower to get to it. I have enough hummingbirds to ensure pollination of them, though!
On Oct 15, 2006, tacobe11e from Arlington, VA (Zone 7a) wrote:
I wish my guaranitica would spread; I love everything about it!! My plant's been growing in my garden for 3 years and hasn't expanded it's footprint at all. It's tall, healthy, and blue. Everyone who's seen it has wanted one.
I planted some of these as annuals about 3 years ago, but much to my surprise they've come back from the roots every year since. I planted them in a full sun spot with sandy very well drained soil. They've been through about -3F here so far and they only die back to the ground. I think the sandy well drained soil might help them survive colder temperatures than they normally would. It might be just a matter of time until we have a cold enough winter to kill them, but I'm going to enjoy them until that happens!
On Aug 6, 2006, Gina_Rose from Hollywood, FL (Zone 10b) wrote:
I saved one of these plants from a whole collection of dying ones at a Lowe's... it's definitely thanked me. It's growing beautifully in an 85%-shaded area, which is what I think saves it from wilting if it hasn't been watered within a week. When I can, I'll try to grow a cutting to place in more sunlight; hopefully it's hardy enough to survive here without a tree to shelter it since I really love salvias but don't have enough "dappled" shade. (I wouldn't suggest "full sun" for at least 75% of plants that say they can take full sun here!)
On Apr 29, 2006, crowellli from Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:
Does extremely well in Houston, Tx. I bought this plant at a sale last fall and didn't know if it would make it through winter. It not only made it, it never stopped blooming! The tag said it would be 18" x 18", but mine is already about 36" x 36" and I'm not sure how much larger it will get as it's only April. Spectacularly intense blue blooms. It's placed in front of a yellow Esperanza and the combination is beautiful.
BEWARE INVASIVE: This thing is as invasive as mint and spreads by underground runners. It has completely taken over the bed it's in and has choked out every other plant there. It now covers an area about 4' x 10' and I am unable to eradicate it. I pull a ton of it out every morning and it's still spreading. I may have to move!
I am growing this plant in my self-watering window boxes, and it is very unhappy with the constantly moist soil. It had scale and aphids earlier in the season and is now dropping many of its leaves (which have turned yellow with brown edges). However, the blossoms are still beautiful, and attract hummingbirds.
I tried growing this salvia again in terra cotta pots, with homemade soilless potting mix (Cornell University recipe). It is doing much better for me than when I grew it in my soggy self-watering window boxes. I am growing it in partial sun, but I am still getting quite a few flowers on it. Yesterday I was standing two and a half feet away from this salvia when a hummingbird came up to it and started feeding. She hovered just beyond my arms reach, going from flower to flower. Very cool!
On Jun 13, 2004, BUFFY690 from Prosperity, SC (Zone 7b) wrote:
When I saw these particular plants together at my local nursery I thought it had seed pods on it with the flower buds being BLACK and then I looked closer and noticed the BLUE flowers and then I looked at the tag and saw the name B:ACK and BLUE and I thought it would be an cool plant for a drier part of my garden. In the sunlight you can really see the black and blue standing out.
On Apr 14, 2004, yayaqueen from Harker Heights, TX wrote:
I agree that this is a very attractive plant...for me to look at and for the bees and butterflies to enjoy. However, before I brought mine home Feb 2003, no one mentioned anything at all about how it would spread by underground roots (I suppose). Last year it grew nearly 4 feet tall and wide and was almost stunning against my white board fence. This year I was surprised to find that I have the original plant and 4 of its offspring...they're growing within 3 or 4 feet of the mother plant. While I think they're attractive to look at...especially right now with the black stems and chartreuse leaves...I didn't particularly want them to completely invade my side yard and 1 came up on the other side of my fence in my neighbor's yard. If it continues to spread like this, I may have to completely relocate it to the wilder back perimeter of our property. Be warned...no one warned me.
On Apr 14, 2004, htop from San Antonio, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:
'Black and Blue' Salvia guaranitica has cobalt blue, tubular, 2 inch long blooms that have a hood-like upper lip and a shorter lower lip that points downward. The dark stems and dark purple, nearly black calyces (the structures that enclose the base of the petals) make it a very interesting looking plant. They do not smell like anise. The individual flowers appear on showy 10-15 inch spikes. It does best in part shade/ filtere shade in my yard. The summer heat and sun causes it to wilt if it receives too much sun. But, if it is in total shade, its bloom production is poor. It has produced new plants by short runners.
On Sep 16, 2003, penpen from North Tonawanda, NY (Zone 6a) wrote:
This plant is a tender perennial in zone 6 (western NY) so I planted it in a container so that I can overwinter it in my garage. It was very small when I purchased it in a 4" pot. this spring. It is now nearly 3 ft. tall (Sept) and blooming prolifically. My hummingbirds have really enjoyed it tremendously this summer.
Update April '09:Finally found a spot in my yard to try one inground and it survived the winter here in Western NY. It is in full sun close to the foundation of the house in very well drained soil. I only added about an inch or tow of mulch at the base of the plant. If you are wiling to do a little extra work you can get this plant to survive in cold zones.
S. guaranitica 'Black & Blue' is an improved version of this shrub-like perennial, as it does not spread as much as other varieties.
A black calyx sets off short deep blue flower spikes approx 1" long. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. A very showy specimen.
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
, Auburn, Alabama Prattville, Alabama Tuscaloosa, Alabama Vincent, Alabama Phoenix, Arizona Cabot, Arkansas Pine Bluff, Arkansas Amesti, California Carlsbad, California Chico, California Clayton, California East Sonora, California Fairfield, California Fresno, California Grass Valley, California Knights Landing, California Lake Arrowhead, California Lake Wildwood, California Long Beach, California Merced, California Miranda, California Redding, California Sacramento, California San Jose, California Santee, California Rodney Village, Delaware Bellair-meadowbrook Terrace, Florida Boyette, Florida De Bary, Florida Deltona, Florida Eustis, Florida Fort Myers, Florida Gifford, Florida Hollywood, Florida Jacksonville, Florida Keystone Heights, Florida Leesburg, Florida Longwood, Florida Macgregor, Florida New Port Richey, Florida Pensacola, Florida Quincy, Florida Sanford, Florida Sebastian, Florida South Daytona, Florida Spring Hill, Florida (2 reports) Tallahassee, Florida Tampa, Florida Trenton, Florida Valparaiso, Florida Warrington, Florida Wauchula, Florida Yulee, Florida Atlanta, Georgia Augusta, Georgia Colbert, Georgia Cordele, Georgia Dacula, Georgia Douglas, Georgia Jonesboro, Georgia Lula, Georgia Marietta, Georgia (2 reports) Warner Robins, Georgia Zebulon, Georgia Elmhurst, Illinois Rosemont, Illinois Davenport, Iowa Des Moines, Iowa Derby, Kansas Overland Park, Kansas (2 reports) Barbourville, Kentucky Georgetown, Kentucky Hebron, Kentucky Baton Rouge, Louisiana Belle Rose, Louisiana Zachary, Louisiana Cresaptown-bel Air, Maryland North East, Maryland St Clair Shores, Michigan Apple Valley, Minnesota Biscay, Minnesota Florence, Mississippi Madison, Mississippi Glendale, Missouri Lake Winnebago, Missouri Hudson, New Hampshire Browns Mills, New Jersey Ramblewood, New Jersey Roswell, New Mexico Averill Park, New York Binghamton, New York North Tonawanda, New York Tonawanda, New York Watermill, New York Asheville, North Carolina Chapel Hill, North Carolina Clemmons, North Carolina Concord, North Carolina Elizabeth City, North Carolina (2 reports) Greensboro, North Carolina Kannapolis, North Carolina Raleigh, North Carolina (2 reports) Stallings, North Carolina Geneva, Ohio Madison, Ohio Monfort Heights East, Ohio Cedar Valley, Oklahoma Edmond, Oklahoma Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Eagle Point, Oregon Doylestown, Pennsylvania East Norriton, Pennsylvania Malvern, Pennsylvania Saint Thomas, Pennsylvania South Montrose, Pennsylvania Columbia, South Carolina Conway, South Carolina East Sumter, South Carolina Murrells Inlet, South Carolina North Augusta, South Carolina Okatie, South Carolina Orangeburg, South Carolina Red Hill, South Carolina Seven Oaks, South Carolina Summerville, South Carolina Arlington, Tennessee Knoxville, Tennessee Toone, Tennessee Arlington, Texas Atascocita, Texas Austin, Texas (3 reports) Belton, Texas Bulverde, Texas Cedar Park, Texas Cleburne, Texas Coppell, Texas Copper Canyon, Texas Copperas Cove, Texas Dallas, Texas (2 reports) Doyle, Texas Farmers Branch, Texas Fate, Texas Fort Worth, Texas (2 reports) Garland, Texas (2 reports) Grand Prairie, Texas (2 reports) Greatwood, Texas Hemphill, Texas Holiday Lakes, Texas Houston, Texas (2 reports) Hudson, Texas Huntsville, Texas Iredell, Texas Jacksonville, Texas Jonestown, Texas Keller, Texas Kerrville, Texas Killeen, Texas Liberty Hill, Texas Mckinney, Texas Mobile City, Texas Oakhurst, Texas Princeton, Texas Rowlett, Texas San Antonio, Texas (2 reports) Scenic Oaks, Texas Victoria, Texas Watauga, Texas Arlington, Virginia Hampton, Virginia Leesburg, Virginia Mc Lean, Virginia Newport News, Virginia Bryn Mawr-skyway, Washington Freeland, Washington Kalama, Washington Seattle, Washington (3 reports) Vancouver, Washington Pewaukee, Wisconsin