European Dog's Tooth Violet

Erythronium dens-canis

Family: Liliaceae (lil-ee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Erythronium (er-ih-THROH-nee-um) (Info)
Species: dens-canis (denz KAN-iss) (Info)

Category:

Alpines and Rock Gardens

Bulbs

Perennials

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us

Height:

under 6 in. (15 cm)

Spacing:

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Light Shade

Danger:

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Pink

Violet/Lavender

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Foliage:

Deciduous

Smooth-Textured

Mottled

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Des Moines, Iowa

Gardeners' Notes:

1
positive
2
neutrals
0
negatives
RatingContent
Positive

On Feb 16, 2016, Ancolie88 from Innsbruck,
Austria (Zone 6b) wrote:

Erythronium dens-canis is a native plant here in Austria. In gardens it blooms early in the year and needs shady place under shrubs or trees

Neutral

On Nov 22, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

I only want to add that when I first saw a photo of this plant, it looked as though the flower was bowing humbly. It's nodding habit is lovely - making it look shy and/or humble. Beautiful flower. The one I saw was a creamy white.

Neutral

On Oct 26, 2002, Baa wrote:

This bulbous perennial is the only native European species, it is also found in parts of Western Asia.

Has oblong to strap like, mid-green, smooth leaves mottled with browny purple spots, that appear in early Spring. Bears white, pink or purple/pink, nodding flowers with recurved petals.

Flowers mainly March-May

Needs a well drained but constantly moist, humus rich soil in light shade.

Excellent woodland garden plant for naturalising.

Seed germination is slow and erratic, they germinate well with alternating warm and cold stratification. The whole process can take upwards of 3 months. Dividing the bulbs is a much easier option if you know someone who has this plant but be sure the bulbs NEVER dry out, if you are goi... read more

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