Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Scots Pine, European Redwood, Scotch Pine
Pinus sylvestris

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pinus (PY-nus) (Info)
Species: sylvestris (sil-VESS-triss) (Info)

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

One member has or wants this plant for trade.


over 40 ft. (12 m)

30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring

Grown for foliage

Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
By grafting

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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By borja_fg
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There are a total of 22 photos.
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5 positives
1 neutral
1 negative

Gardeners' Notes:

Negative Rickwebb On Jan 23, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

It is a pretty coniferous tree with its bluish-green needles in 2's and its young bark being orange and flaky. It is also tough and tolerates alkaline soil, heavy clay soil, pollution, and salt almost as much as the Austrian Black Pine. It used to be the most commonly planted pine many years ago in northern Illinois until overtaken by Black Pine. In the Chicago area many trees have been killed since the 1980's by the Pinewood Nematode transfered by pine bark beetles; in fact, probably most of them. It is not recommended there anymore. I've seen it occassionally planted in southeast PA.

Positive SleepyFox On Apr 24, 2010, SleepyFox from Prescott, AZ (Zone 7a) wrote:

This is certainly a very versatile species. It thrives well here in the high Ponderosa pine forests of central Arizona where conditions are very dry outside of our long winters. I have had to care for it very little since planting it besides the occasional watering, and despite the poor, bone dry, rocky clay soil I planted it in, It's growing nearly a foot each year. I have also observed this same species thriving at a relative's farm in Indiana, showing that it has a wide variety of climate tolerances.

Positive borja_fg On Feb 11, 2008, borja_fg from Madrid
Spain (Zone 8a) wrote:

Pinus sylvestris is native to several parts of Spain. In Madrid It grows in mountain areas from 1200 to 1800 meters above sea level. I have seen several big specimens of this tree with at least 30-35 meters high.

Positive TBGDN On Mar 25, 2006, TBGDN from (Zone 5a) wrote:

The Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris; family Pinaceae) is a common tree ranging from Great Britain and Spain east to eastern Siberia and the Caucasus Mountains, and as far north as Lapland. In the British Isles it is now native only in Scotland. Scots Pine is the only pine native to northern Europe, forming either pure forests or alongside Norway Spruce, Silver Birch, Common Rowan, Eurasian Aspen and other hardwood species. Scots Pine is the National tree of Scotland, and formed much of the Caledonian Forest which once covered much of the Scottish Highlands. Scots Pine has also been widely planted in New Zealand and much of the colder regions of North America.

I planted two young plants many years ago as mere 'twigs' of 8-10" each. All these years later they now stand at about 25-30 feet in height and fill a void where scrub and brambles once grew. They also help screen a pile of large boulders which now form a rock garden. Birds, especially robins use them for nesting sites.

Positive melody On Jan 27, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

This pine is unique and easy to spot because the upper trunk and large branches are a smooth bright orange. The needles are 2" to 3" long and the cones are 1 1/2' to 2 1/2"

A very popular pine tree in the fresh Christmas Tree industry.

Positive shawnkilpatrick On Apr 30, 2004, shawnkilpatrick from Yucca Valley, CA wrote:

Planted a Scotch Pine as a seedling in the fall of 2003, it has grown vigorously! I have seen a few around the high desert area of Southern California and they are very interesting looking, with pretty green needles.

Neutral Baa On Dec 15, 2002, Baa wrote:

Large evergreen tree from Europe and parts of Asia.

Has twisted, long, needle like, blue-green to yellow-green leaves. Bark is reddish brown and flaking, base of the trunk becomes greyer with age. Bears greenish female cones that ripen reddish-brown.

This is a shallow rooted tree and prefers sandy soils in full sun and lots of drainage. It dislikes sea air and high levels of rainfall.

Provides a good source of timber and also has resin, turpentine and tar extracted from it.

The essential oils are also used medicinally.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Prescott, Arizona
Yucca Valley, California
Grand Junction, Colorado
Glen Ellyn, Illinois
Macy, Indiana
West Lafayette, Indiana
Benton, Kentucky
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Two Harbors, Minnesota
Beach, North Dakota
Belfield, North Dakota
Dickinson, North Dakota
Bend, Oregon
Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Orem, Utah

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