Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: White Willow
Salix alba

Family: Salicaceae (sal-i-KAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Salix (SAL-iks) (Info)
Species: alba (AL-ba) (Info)

One vendor has this plant for sale.

10 members have or want this plant for trade.


over 40 ft. (12 m)

30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Chartreuse (Yellow-Green)

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer

Grown for foliage

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings
Provides winter interest

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From herbaceous stem cuttings
From woody stem cuttings
From softwood cuttings
From semi-hardwood cuttings
By air layering

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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2 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive saya On Jun 15, 2005, saya from Heerlen
Netherlands (Zone 8b) wrote:

Salix alba is mostly grown as a pollard-willow in Netherlands. They are a typical element in Dutch landscapes. Formerly their branches were used for wicker-work..the trees itself as a windshield in the mostly flat Dutch landscapes. Pollard-willows do mostly grow along the many ditches in Dutch polder loves to grow on moist places. It is one of the few trees that can stand such a very hard trim ...doing this for years they cannot live without this hard trim about every three years. ..otherwise they 'll die in time.. There's a special organisation who takes care after them...trying to save them..not only for their importantant architectural appearance in Dutch landscapes but also for their importance to wildlife. The trunk of a pollard- willow will fold open ..gets hollow in gives shelter for bats, birds and even plants..

Positive melody On Jun 16, 2004, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

A naturalized European tree, White Willows can get quite large...up to 80 feet.

It's range is from Canada to Georgia and west to Missouri. It is our only willow with leaves that are white/hairy above and below, making it pretty easy even for a novice to spot.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida
Winnetka, Illinois
Benton, Kentucky
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Bucyrus, Ohio

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