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White Willow
Salix alba

Family: Salicaceae (sal-i-KAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Salix (SAL-iks) (Info)
Species: alba (AL-ba) (Info)




over 40 ft. (12 m)


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Chartreuse (Yellow-Green)

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer


Grown for foliage




Other details:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Provides winter interest

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From herbaceous stem cuttings

From woody stem cuttings

From softwood cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

By air layering

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida

Winnetka, Illinois

Benton, Kentucky

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Bucyrus, Ohio

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jun 15, 2005, saya from Heerlen
Netherlands (Zone 8b) wrote:

Salix alba is mostly grown as a pollard-willow in Netherlands. They are a typical element in Dutch landscapes. Formerly their branches were used for wicker-work..the trees itself as a windshield in the mostly flat Dutch landscapes. Pollard-willows do mostly grow along the many ditches in Dutch polder loves to grow on moist places. It is one of the few trees that can stand such a very hard trim ...doing this for years they cannot live without this hard trim about every three years. ..otherwise they 'll die in time.. There's a special organisation who takes care after them...trying to save them..not only for their importantant architectural appearance in Dutch landscapes but also for their importance to wildlife. The trunk of a pollard- willow will fold open ..gets hollow in t... read more


On Jun 16, 2004, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

A naturalized European tree, White Willows can get quite large...up to 80 feet.

It's range is from Canada to Georgia and west to Missouri. It is our only willow with leaves that are white/hairy above and below, making it pretty easy even for a novice to spot.