Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Ladino Clover, White Clover, White Dutch Clover
Trifolium repens

Family: Papilionaceae (pa-pil-ee-uh-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Trifolium (try-FOH-lee-um) (Info)
Species: repens (REE-penz) (Info)

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

18 members have or want this plant for trade.

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6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring
Mid Spring


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Flowers are fragrant
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

Seed Collecting:
Collect seedhead/pod when flowers fade; allow to dry

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There are a total of 28 photos.
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5 positives
4 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral garyon On Feb 13, 2010, garyon from Syracuse, NY wrote:

Trifolium repens has been identified as the Ireland's shamrock. I like to plant pots in January for St. Patrick's Day.

Neutral lalalynn On Apr 30, 2008, lalalynn from Manhattan Beach, CA wrote:

I've been looking to replace my lawn(s) with a no- or low-water/mow/fertilize plant. I kept running into 100% clover as an option for a walkable green carpet effect. Everything I've read about this clover makes it sound like a lush, eco-sensitive choice. I just bought 2 pounds of seed and plan to sow next week. I will let you know how it turns out and if this clover stands up to the task!

Positive Farmerdill On Nov 20, 2006, Farmerdill from Augusta, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

This is a great pasture clover. A great nitrogen supplier that was used extensively before the advent of cheap high nitrogen fertilizers. I even like it in the lawn, supplies nitrogen and keeps green when grasses brown due to drought. If you have a high maintenance pure grass lawn you will hate it, but if you go for low maintenance natural, you will love it.

Positive Bogwalker On Jun 11, 2006, Bogwalker from Grand Rapids, MI wrote:

I planted White Dutch Clover by seed in May and already have a nice green cover for lawn replacement and to to use as a green mulch/ground cover for a sunny front yard as I wait for trees to grow, and then to plant shade loving perinneals. My dad who has farmed for 50 years in Indiana said they always planted it by "the darkening moon in February." He said "You could see the seeds bounce off the top of the snow and it always came up just right in the spring."

Positive Breezymeadow On Nov 23, 2005, Breezymeadow from Culpeper, VA (Zone 7a) wrote:

Since I'm not a "Lawn Nazi" (lol), I too adore this plant, & it grows beautifully here in Virginia. It is frequently used as an addition to lawn grasses in new developments on sloping ground.

Besides the nostalgia of making crowns & necklaces out of the flowers as a child, I especially love how attractive it is to both honeybees & bumblebees.

Neutral winter_unfazed On Nov 22, 2005, winter_unfazed from Rural Webster County, MO (Zone 6a) wrote:

The name 'repens' means 'creeping' in Latin and it's fitting for this plant. It is the most troublesome perennial weed around here for gardens nearby, (even more so than dock). However, its leaves are said to be edible and the flowers attract butterflies. It's easiest to appreciate clover after Oct. 1 or so, when there are few blooming and the ones that do attract butterflies (the butterflies look for any flower there is, because there isn't much else around). It also is used in some places to make a grassless lawn of clover. I'll bet it does a good job covering the ground!

Positive CatskillKarma On Jan 2, 2005, CatskillKarma from West Kill, NY wrote:

I happen to love the stuff--nothing's easier to sprout. However, they do sell the seed to hunters around here--to start a Dutch clover patch to attract deer. If you don't want deer in your yard, don't sow white clover!

Positive melody On Jan 1, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

For those who have a lawn instead of a yard, White Dutch Clover is a menace. The cheerful little flowers dot themselves across the perfect carpet.

I, on the other hand, adore it. It blooms in white waves across my yard, blending nicely with the dandelions. The honeybees love it, as do butterflies.

As a child, I made many a necklace by tying the stems together and there was never a more lovely tiara than when a clover wreath was adorned with dandelion 'jewels'.

The roots fix nitrogen in the soil and it has few pests.

Neutral CaptMicha On Jun 6, 2004, CaptMicha from Brookeville, MD (Zone 7a) wrote:

White clover would be a great plant if it wasn't a weed.

Clover is a host plant for many smaller butterfly larvae, food for wildlife, nectar source for bees and butterflies and is recommended as a great groundcover in place of a lawn.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Atmore, Alabama
Saraland, Alabama
San Leandro, California
Sunnyvale, California
Aurora, Colorado
Laurel, Delaware
Fort Walton Beach, Florida
Melbourne, Florida
Oviedo, Florida
Alsip, Illinois
Moline, Illinois
Coralville, Iowa
Brookville, Kansas
Benton, Kentucky
Hebron, Kentucky
Louisville, Kentucky
Prospect, Kentucky
Salvisa, Kentucky
Marrero, Louisiana
Brookeville, Maryland
Belleville, Michigan
Mount Morris, Michigan
Novi, Michigan
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Saucier, Mississippi
Cole Camp, Missouri
Rogersville, Missouri
Springfield, Missouri
Las Vegas, Nevada
Buffalo, New York
Pawling, New York
Syracuse, New York
West Kill, New York
Beach, North Dakota
Belfield, North Dakota
Medora, North Dakota
Massillon, Ohio
Hulbert, Oklahoma
Greencastle, Pennsylvania
Millersburg, Pennsylvania
Columbia, South Carolina
Rock Hill, South Carolina
Summerville, South Carolina
Clarksville, Tennessee
Dallas, Texas
Lumberton, Texas
San Antonio, Texas
Virginia Beach, Virginia
Cle Elum, Washington
Kirkland, Washington
Lacey, Washington
Puyallup, Washington
Quinault, Washington
Rainier, Washington
Spokane, Washington
Yelm, Washington
Peterstown, West Virginia

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