Height: 4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m) 6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m) 8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m) 10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m) 12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)
Spacing: 8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m) 10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m) 12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)
Hardiness: USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 °C (-40 °F) USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 °C (-35 °F) USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 °C (-30 °F) USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F) USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F) USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F) USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F) USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F) USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F) USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F) USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F) USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F) USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F) USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)
Sun Exposure: Full Sun Sun to Partial Shade Light Shade
Bloom Color: Inconspicuous/none
Bloom Time: N/A
Foliage: Grown for foliage Evergreen Aromatic
Other details: Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater Provides winter interest
Soil pH requirements: 6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
Patent Information: Non-patented
Propagation Methods: From seed; direct sow after last frost
Seed Collecting: Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
On Jun 6, 2006, JerusalemCherry from Dunellen, NJ (Zone 6b) wrote:
I have read in books that this plant was in introduced in the US from Europe in 1779. Pinus mugo or Swiss Mountain Pine is a shrub to about 3.5 meters tall (this varies) in its mountainous native habitat of central Europe, eastern Spain, and the Ukraine. This pine is root-hardy in most areas and thus useful as a container plant or Bonsai.
'Aurea' - A semi-dwarf form, light green (Vis. 4) needles
turn yellow color in winter.
'Big Tuna' - An larger selection with a dense, compact,
upright growth habit.
'Corley's Mat' - A low, mat-forming plant.
'Elfengren' - A low plant with dark green foliage.
'Enci' - A low plant, 3 feet tall but 5 feet wide.
'Gnom' ('Gnome') - A dwarf that becomes conical to
upright with age.
'Gold Spire' - The new growth emerges yellow but fades
'Green Candle' - A rounded plant with dark green foliage.
'Hesse' - A large, dense, rounded shrub.
'Honeycomb' - Foliage is golden fall through winter.
'Mitsch Mini' - A low, spreading plant (Vis. 5) with
'Mops' - A compact plant that requires no pruning to
maintain its shape.
'Mugo' - A dwarf variety that requires regular pruning
to thicken and maintain its low profile (Vis. 1).
'Paul's Dwarf' - A slow-growing selection with short
needles. An Iseli selection.
'Pot o' Gold' - Winter foliage is yellow.
'Prostrata' - A prostrate form.
var. pumilio - A commonly used ornamental where a small
pine is desired. It is grown from seed and so plants
will vary considerably (Vis. 2).
var. rostrata - A conical, compact form that produces
small cones when mature. Probably a hybrid with P.
'Sherwood Compact' - A compact form with dark green
foliage. Very choice Mugo...
'Slowmound' - A dwarf, 12 inches tall and 16 inches wide.
'Tannenbaum' - A compact, pyramidal tree with good winter
'Valley Cushion' - A miniature forming a small, dark
'White Bud' - A dwarf on which the buds are coated with
resin in winter making them appear white. A wonderful
'GNOM' Very dense, globose habit, with a good deep green color. A 35 year old plant was about 4 meters high and broad. Distributed in 1927 by den Ouden & Son, Boskoop Netherlands. Very hardy. H:4' W:4'
'MITSCH MINI' This cute little bun-shaped plant is one of the slowest growing of all dwarf conifers and was selected by John Mitsch of Aurora Oregon. The needles are light green and both them and the branches are very short creating an impression of a clump of moss.
'MOPS' Mugo Mops is a very slow growing selection with a dense and globose habit becoming nearly as high as broad. It has been in cultivation since around 1951 and was distributed by Hugo Hooftman from Boskoop, Netherlands. The height after ten years is 30" high and 3' wide.
'WINTER GOLD' A low, wide and open growing plant to about 1 meter. It turns an attractive bright golden-yellow color in winter. Nice accent plant. It originated before 1969 in the Draijer B. V. Nursery, in Heemstede, Holland.
On Sep 26, 2005, darylmitchell from Saskatoon, SK (Zone 3a) wrote:
Mugo pines are used extensively in this area for screens and hedges. They can grow to over 6 feet tall but can be controlled by pruning. They provide some much-needed colour during the long winter and look great with a bit of snow on them. They also provide habitat for birds.
There are a great many cultivars of this dwarf pine. Mughus is one of the original strains along with pumilis. It acquired a jekyl and hyde reputation in the seventies when sold as a dwarf since many varieties speeded up into good sized bushes.
On Feb 21, 2003, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:
One source cites an early 19th century plant encyclopedia as the first instance (and source) of the erroneous spelling 'Mugho'. Incorrect or not, it's still frequently spelled thusly :)
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
Dewey-humboldt, Arizona San Francisco, California Gainesville, Georgia Burr Ridge, Illinois Chicago, Illinois Spring Grove, Illinois Indianapolis, Indiana Boston, Massachusetts Dracut, Massachusetts Nantucket, Massachusetts Traverse City, Michigan Minneapolis, Minnesota St Cloud, Minnesota Two Harbors, Minnesota Farmington, Missouri Kearney, Nebraska Dunellen, New Jersey Carnuel, New Mexico Rio Rancho, New Mexico Andrews, North Carolina Blue Ash, Ohio Cleveland, Ohio Edmond, Oklahoma Portland, Oregon Conway, South Carolina Arlington, Tennessee Mount Juliet, Tennessee Arlington, Texas Windcrest, Texas Mount Olympus, Utah Anacortes, Washington East Port Orchard, Washington Five Corners, Washington Sundance, Wyoming