Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Mugo Pine, Mugho Pine, Swiss Mountain Pine, Mountain Pine
Pinus mugo

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pinus (PY-nus) (Info)
Species: mugo (MEW-go) (Info)

Synonym:Pinus montana
Synonym:Pinus mughus
Synonym:Pinus mugo subsp. mugo
Synonym:Pinus mugo var. mugo

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

7 members have or want this plant for trade.


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)
6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)
8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade


Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Provides winter interest

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

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to view:

By Bug_Girl
Thumbnail #1 of Pinus mugo by Bug_Girl

By hczone6
Thumbnail #2 of Pinus mugo by hczone6

By palmbob
Thumbnail #3 of Pinus mugo by palmbob

By bert
Thumbnail #4 of Pinus mugo by bert

By Todd_Boland
Thumbnail #5 of Pinus mugo by Todd_Boland

By Equilibrium
Thumbnail #6 of Pinus mugo by Equilibrium

By gldandrews
Thumbnail #7 of Pinus mugo by gldandrews

There are a total of 17 photos.
Click here to view them all!


2 positives
3 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral Meig On Jun 3, 2008, Meig from Far Northwest 'burbs, IL (Zone 5a) wrote:

Very susceptible to pine sawfly.

Positive JerusalemCherry On Jun 6, 2006, JerusalemCherry from Dunellen, NJ (Zone 6b) wrote:

I have read in books that this plant was in introduced in the US from Europe in 1779. Pinus mugo or Swiss Mountain Pine is a shrub to about 3.5 meters tall (this varies) in its mountainous native habitat of central Europe, eastern Spain, and the Ukraine. This pine is root-hardy in most areas and thus useful as a container plant or Bonsai.

'Aurea' - A semi-dwarf form, light green (Vis. 4) needles
turn yellow color in winter.
'Big Tuna' - An larger selection with a dense, compact,
upright growth habit.
'Corley's Mat' - A low, mat-forming plant.
'Elfengren' - A low plant with dark green foliage.
'Enci' - A low plant, 3 feet tall but 5 feet wide.
'Gnom' ('Gnome') - A dwarf that becomes conical to
upright with age.
'Gold Spire' - The new growth emerges yellow but fades
to green.
'Green Candle' - A rounded plant with dark green foliage.
'Hesse' - A large, dense, rounded shrub.
'Honeycomb' - Foliage is golden fall through winter.
'Mitsch Mini' - A low, spreading plant (Vis. 5) with
twisted needles.
'Mops' - A compact plant that requires no pruning to
maintain its shape.
'Mugo' - A dwarf variety that requires regular pruning
to thicken and maintain its low profile (Vis. 1).
'Paul's Dwarf' - A slow-growing selection with short
needles. An Iseli selection.
'Pot o' Gold' - Winter foliage is yellow.
'Prostrata' - A prostrate form.
var. pumilio - A commonly used ornamental where a small
pine is desired. It is grown from seed and so plants
will vary considerably (Vis. 2).
var. rostrata - A conical, compact form that produces
small cones when mature. Probably a hybrid with P.
'Sherwood Compact' - A compact form with dark green
foliage. Very choice Mugo...
'Slowmound' - A dwarf, 12 inches tall and 16 inches wide.
'Tannenbaum' - A compact, pyramidal tree with good winter
'Valley Cushion' - A miniature forming a small, dark
green mound.
'White Bud' - A dwarf on which the buds are coated with
resin in winter making them appear white. A wonderful
'GNOM' Very dense, globose habit, with a good deep green color. A 35 year old plant was about 4 meters high and broad. Distributed in 1927 by den Ouden & Son, Boskoop Netherlands. Very hardy. H:4' W:4'

'MITSCH MINI' This cute little bun-shaped plant is one of the slowest growing of all dwarf conifers and was selected by John Mitsch of Aurora Oregon. The needles are light green and both them and the branches are very short creating an impression of a clump of moss.

'MOPS' Mugo Mops is a very slow growing selection with a dense and globose habit becoming nearly as high as broad. It has been in cultivation since around 1951 and was distributed by Hugo Hooftman from Boskoop, Netherlands. The height after ten years is 30" high and 3' wide.

'WINTER GOLD' A low, wide and open growing plant to about 1 meter. It turns an attractive bright golden-yellow color in winter. Nice accent plant. It originated before 1969 in the Draijer B. V. Nursery, in Heemstede, Holland.

Positive darylmitchell On Sep 26, 2005, darylmitchell from Saskatoon, SK (Zone 3a) wrote:

Mugo pines are used extensively in this area for screens and hedges. They can grow to over 6 feet tall but can be controlled by pruning. They provide some much-needed colour during the long winter and look great with a bit of snow on them. They also provide habitat for birds.

Neutral Cytania On Jul 13, 2003, Cytania wrote:

There are a great many cultivars of this dwarf pine. Mughus is one of the original strains along with pumilis. It acquired a jekyl and hyde reputation in the seventies when sold as a dwarf since many varieties speeded up into good sized bushes.

Neutral Terry On Feb 21, 2003, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

One source cites an early 19th century plant encyclopedia as the first instance (and source) of the erroneous spelling 'Mugho'. Incorrect or not, it's still frequently spelled thusly :)


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Prescott, Arizona
San Francisco, California
Gainesville, Georgia
Chicago, Illinois
Hinsdale, Illinois
Spring Grove, Illinois
Indianapolis, Indiana
Boston, Massachusetts
Dracut, Massachusetts
Nantucket, Massachusetts
Traverse City, Michigan
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Saint Cloud, Minnesota
Two Harbors, Minnesota
Farmington, Missouri
Kearney, Nebraska
Dunellen, New Jersey
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Rio Rancho, New Mexico
Larchmont, New York
Andrews, North Carolina
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Edmond, Oklahoma
Portland, Oregon
Conway, South Carolina
Arlington, Tennessee
Mount Juliet, Tennessee
Arlington, Texas
San Antonio, Texas
Salt Lake City, Utah
Anacortes, Washington
East Port Orchard, Washington
Midland, Washington
Seattle, Washington
Sundance, Wyoming

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