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Mugo Pine, Mugho Pine, Swiss Mountain Pine, Mountain Pine
Pinus mugo

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pinus (PY-nus) (Info)
Species: mugo (MEW-go) (Info)
Synonym:Pinus montana
Synonym:Pinus mughus
Synonym:Pinus mugo subsp. mugo
Synonym:Pinus mugo var. mugo

Category:

Shrubs

Trees

Conifers

Height:

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

Spacing:

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade

Danger:

N/A

Bloom Color:

Inconspicuous/none

Bloom Time:

N/A

Foliage:

Grown for foliage

Evergreen

Aromatic

Other details:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Provides winter interest

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Prescott, Arizona

San Francisco, California

Gainesville, Georgia

Chicago, Illinois

Hinsdale, Illinois

Spring Grove, Illinois

Indianapolis, Indiana

Boston, Massachusetts

Dracut, Massachusetts

Nantucket, Massachusetts

Traverse City, Michigan

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Saint Cloud, Minnesota

Two Harbors, Minnesota

Farmington, Missouri

Kearney, Nebraska

Dunellen, New Jersey

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Rio Rancho, New Mexico

Larchmont, New York

Andrews, North Carolina

Cincinnati, Ohio

Cleveland, Ohio

Edmond, Oklahoma

Portland, Oregon

Conway, South Carolina

Arlington, Tennessee

Mount Juliet, Tennessee

Arlington, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Salt Lake City, Utah

Anacortes, Washington

East Port Orchard, Washington

Midland, Washington

Seattle, Washington

Sundance, Wyoming

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

2
positives
3
neutrals
0
negatives
RatingContent
Neutral

On Jun 3, 2008, Meig from Far Northwest 'burbs, IL (Zone 5a) wrote:

Very susceptible to pine sawfly.

Positive

On Jun 6, 2006, JerusalemCherry from Dunellen, NJ (Zone 6b) wrote:

I have read in books that this plant was in introduced in the US from Europe in 1779. Pinus mugo or Swiss Mountain Pine is a shrub to about 3.5 meters tall (this varies) in its mountainous native habitat of central Europe, eastern Spain, and the Ukraine. This pine is root-hardy in most areas and thus useful as a container plant or Bonsai.

Cultivars:
'Aurea' - A semi-dwarf form, light green (Vis. 4) needles
turn yellow color in winter.
'Big Tuna' - An larger selection with a dense, compact,
upright growth habit.
'Corley's Mat' - A low, mat-forming plant.
'Elfengren' - A low plant with dark green foliage.
'Enci' - A low plant, 3 feet tall but 5 feet wide.
'Gnom' ('Gnome') - A dwarf that becomes conical to
... read more

Positive

On Sep 26, 2005, darylmitchell from Saskatoon, SK (Zone 3a) wrote:

Mugo pines are used extensively in this area for screens and hedges. They can grow to over 6 feet tall but can be controlled by pruning. They provide some much-needed colour during the long winter and look great with a bit of snow on them. They also provide habitat for birds.

Neutral

On Jul 13, 2003, Cytania wrote:

There are a great many cultivars of this dwarf pine. Mughus is one of the original strains along with pumilis. It acquired a jekyl and hyde reputation in the seventies when sold as a dwarf since many varieties speeded up into good sized bushes.

Neutral

On Feb 21, 2003, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

One source cites an early 19th century plant encyclopedia as the first instance (and source) of the erroneous spelling 'Mugho'. Incorrect or not, it's still frequently spelled thusly :)