Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Bulb Fennel, Sweet Fennel, Anise, Florence Fennel, Finnochio
Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum 'Zefa Fino'

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Family: Apiaceae (ay-pee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Foeniculum (fen-IK-yoo-lum) (Info) (fen-IK-yoo-lum) (Info)
Species: vulgare var. azoricum
Cultivar: Zefa Fino

Synonym:Foeniculum azoricum
Synonym:Foeniculum dulce
Synonym:Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce
Synonym:Foeniculum vulgare subsp. capillaceum var. dulce

One vendor has this plant for sale.

9 members have or want this plant for trade.

Category:
Biennials
Herbs
Perennials

Height:
18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

Spacing:
9-12 in. (22-30 cm)

Hardiness:
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Danger:
Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Chartreuse (Yellow-Green)

Bloom Time:
Late Summer/Early Fall
Mid Fall

Foliage:
Herbaceous
Aromatic

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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By Weezingreens
Thumbnail #1 of Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum by Weezingreens

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Thumbnail #2 of Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum by Weezingreens

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Thumbnail #6 of Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum by Xenomorf

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Thumbnail #7 of Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum by Xenomorf

There are a total of 12 photos.
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Profile:

2 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

RatingAuthorContent
Positive renatelynne On Jun 7, 2007, renatelynne from Boerne new zone 30, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

I have grown it for years just for the swallowtail cats to munch on. It self seeds in my garden (when the cats leave enough flowers to set). I have never tried to produce the bulb since I mainly grow it for butterflies.

Neutral smiln32 On Aug 29, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

This variety has a thick, edible base; usually, dirt is mounded over the bottom of the plant to blanch it. It's a popular Italian vegetable. The feathery leaves give a mild, licorice-like flavor to soups, stew and fish. The seeds are also excellent in salad dressings and on chicken.

Positive Weezingreens On Jan 16, 2003, Weezingreens from Seward, AK (Zone 3b) wrote:

Finocchio was introduced from Italy over 100 years ago. It is a popular seasoning and vegetable in Europe. Unlike other fennels that are grown for their foliage and seeds, the primary interest in Finocchio is the bulbous base that can be eaten raw, blanched, baked, or boiled. When cooked, the anise-like flavor is more subtle, resembling an anisey celery. Finocchio is sometimes sold as anise in the United States, but it is not to be confused with true anise.

Finocchio is somewhat weather hardy, and in milder climates, it can be harvested the second year before it flowers. However, it can also be harvested the first year when started early... about 100-120 days. Zefa Fino is bolt resistant, as well. Once Finocchio begins to bulb, one can hill around it to form a round bulb. Harvest bulb before it flowers.

Seward, Alaska is a zone 3 climate with cool soil and cool rainy weather, so I was pleased to see that my neighbor's Zepfa fino bulbed in the first season in her raised bed.

Regional...

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Bear Creek, Alaska
Phoenix, Arizona
Cape Coral, Florida
Old Jefferson, Louisiana
Hernando, Mississippi
Tualatin, Oregon
Clarksville, Tennessee
Fort Worth, Texas
Houston, Texas
Scenic Oaks, Texas
Wixon Valley, Texas



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