Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Scarlet Indian Paintbrush
Castilleja coccinea

Family: Orobanchaceae
Genus: Castilleja (kas-tee-LEE-uh) (Info)
Species: coccinea (kok-SIN-ee-uh) (Info)

Synonym:Bartsia coccinea

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

16 members have or want this plant for trade.


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
Scarlet (Dark Red)
Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:
Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible

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There are a total of 10 photos.
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1 positive
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral Cordeledawg On Jan 17, 2008, Cordeledawg from Cordele, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

I'm planting a butterfly meadow around my pond and want as many native plants as I can find to sow. The Scarlet Indian Paintbrush is one of my favorites. In researching the germination techiques, I googled several sites to learn about parasitic plants. One of the sites I'm bookmarking is an excerpt from the North American Plant Society.

My sowing of this plant is a two-fold experiment. One method is to wintersow Castilleja coccinea seed mixed with oxeye daisy in an orange juice carboard container that will be planted in the ground as a whole unit, container and all. The other method is to baggie some in my refriderator in moist sand for two months(moist cold stratification). Since the seedlings may need a host of vascular, herbaceous and woody plants, I plan to sow these near Little Blue Stem grass as well.

Neutral tcfromky On Oct 11, 2004, tcfromky from Mercer, PA (Zone 5a) wrote:

Few, if any, of the prairie plants put on as much show as Indian paintbrush when covering a prairie in early spring. Truly a sight to behold. Grows well in Kansas and Oklahoma, popping up in fields along roadways. As with most native plants, it's not easy to transplant.

Positive Per_U On Jul 6, 2004, Per_U from Golden, CO wrote:

Have spotted Indian Paintbrush on numerous sunny hills in Colorado.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Huntington, Arkansas
Golden, Colorado
Erie, Michigan
Pinconning, Michigan
, Missouri
Cole Camp, Missouri
Sedalia, Missouri
Dillon, Montana
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (2 reports)
Dalworthington Gardens, Texas
San Antonio, Texas (2 reports)
Savery, Wyoming

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