Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Nikko Fir
Abies homolepis

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Abies (A-bees) (Info)
Species: homolepis (ho-mo-LEEP-is) (Info)


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)
over 40 ft. (12 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
4.6 to 5.0 (highly acidic)
5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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1 positive
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive coriaceous On Dec 25, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

In a suitable climate, this is a large majestic evergreen tree, more formal in habit and more densely growing than most firs. In its native Japan, it grows 100-130' tall. In the Arnold Arboretum (Boston Z6a), several 91-year-old specimens have reached 75' with 4' trunks and limbs spreading to 50' across. It retains its lower limbs right to the ground. I wouldn't plant these closer than 50', and some additional breathing room between trees would be even better.

Tolerates air pollution, sheds snow well, prefers cool humid summers, hates the summer heat of the southeastern US.

In N. America, this is a good tree for the upper midwest and the northeast, perhaps also the PNW. Great for large landscapes, parks, etc. Not for small yards.

Neutral smiln32 On Apr 16, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

This fir originates in Central and Southern Japan. It can grow to a height of 30 - 50 ft. It can grow in full sun - partial shade conditions.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anniston, Alabama
Roslindale, Massachusetts
Cincinnati, Ohio

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