Category: Edible Fruits and Nuts Tropicals and Tender Perennials Palms
Height: over 40 ft. (12 m)
Spacing: 20-30 ft. (6-9 m)
Hardiness: USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F) USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F) USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F) USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F) USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F) USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)
Sun Exposure: Full Sun Sun to Partial Shade Light Shade
Danger: Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling
Bloom Color: Pale Yellow
Bloom Time: Late Winter/Early Spring Blooms repeatedly
Other details: This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season This plant is fire-retardant
Soil pH requirements: 6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
Patent Information: Non-patented
Propagation Methods: From hardwood heel cuttings From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium
Seed Collecting: Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds
On Jul 11, 2008, mgmarcks from Roseville, MI wrote:
I planted a small sprig and in three or four years had a magnificent fountain like palm shrub. A well meaning lawnscaper trimmed away the lower flowing branches and it is turning into a gorgeous tree. Can't decide which way I like it better. Very healthy with no care.
On Dec 12, 2006, cobra2326 from Brooksville, FL wrote:
Interesting propogation information from the University of Florida:
Several date palm species, most notably the commercial date palm, Phoenix dactylifera, produce offsets or suckers at the base of the trunk. These can be cut from the parent plant and either planted in containers or planted directly in the ground. If no roots are present when the suckers are cut, the leaves should be reduced in number and/or size.
On Jun 19, 2005, zsnp from Pensacola, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:
This palm grows in zone 8b, but you will have to wrap the trunk with a blanket in January to keep it from freezing. If you don't pay attention to your date palm in zone 8b, you will eventually lose it which is a huge loss, because this palm is very expensive over here.
The date palm, which give out tasty fruit, is a fine choice for a landscape tree. Although if you are around when your seed-grown one matures or have one of these palms, it would be a pain to obtain the fruit. Regardless if you are planning it to fruit you need a male and female, but even if you don't get any, it's still a nice tree. They love the warmth and dry climates. Here in Fresno California, they are every were! Litteraly, there is not a neighbor hood or near buildings, with out a date palm. Palmbob has a point. Even here they are trimmed and when that happens, it makes them look dull. Planting the seeds are not hard neither. My technique I just did for the first time about one or two weeks ago. First the day before, I soaked the seeds for 24 hours in room temp. water. Then what I did was got a ziplock baggie, and some new zealand sphagnum moss, I soaked it, and then squeezed it till no drops came out. Then I drained the water from the cup and took out the seeds, and mixed them with the baggie and moss. I zipped up the baggie containing the seeds in the moist (not wet) moss. Then choose a really hot place in your house. I used my garage, during the day it gets incredibly hot in there. Check on them every few days. Be sure to keep them OUT of direct sunlight (it will roast them) It just so happends that yesterday afternoon, I went to check on them and they had little roots. The roots will burst out in the middle on the side without the parting line.
On Jul 7, 2003, palmbob from Tarzana, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:
This is the edible date palm. IT is a wonderful specimen palm for any garden in the Southern US, from California to Florida. It has an attractive blue-green coloration of the leaves (more so in the drier climates) and a very tall, ornamental 'woven' trunk look to it. It can grow up to about 80' of trunk, perhaps more. It loves hot, dry climates, but can do great in humid climates, as well (for edible dates to be produced, you need a hot, dry climate normally). It is dioecious (needs male and female trees to make fertile seed). It is a suckering palm, though in cultivation, most keep trimming away the suckers to give it that monolithic look. Without trimming, it can become a very difficult palm to deal with, having sharp spines and sharp tips to the leaflets. THis is one of the faster growing palms you can get in the US.
The source of this species is probably northern Africa, but it has been in cultivation so long (over 5000 years), true wild populations are hard to identify. It is thought by some to be a cultivated form of Phoenix theophrastii, aslo from Northern Africa and Crete.
Dozens of cultivars have been created, some which are grown extensively in California's Coachella Valley, an ideal climate for date palms (hot and dry and rarely freezes).
Like all Phoenix species, Date palms are dioecious (separate male and female plants). In cultivation, usually one male palm (called a Macho Date Palm) is planted in the center of a large number (50 or more) female date palms (that produce the fruit) as the pollen source.
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
, (2 reports) Casas Adobes, Arizona Laveen, Arizona Queen Creek, Arizona Fresno, California Hayward, California Los Angeles, California (2 reports) San Diego, California San Marino, California Thousand Oaks, California Union City, California Pensacola, Florida Port St Lucie, Florida Spring Hill, Florida Denham Springs, Louisiana Montz, Louisiana Las Vegas, Nevada Bucksport, South Carolina Abram-perezville, Texas Baytown, Texas Brownsville, Texas Galveston, Texas Houston, Texas La Villa, Texas Macallen, Texas San Antonio, Texas Sullivan City, Texas