Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Betel Pepper, Betel Vine
Piper betle

Family: Piperaceae
Genus: Piper (PIP-er) (Info)
Species: betle (BET-lee) (Info)

Synonym:Chavica betle

2 vendors have this plant for sale.

19 members have or want this plant for trade.

Tropicals and Tender Perennials
Vines and Climbers

under 6 in. (15 cm)
6-12 in. (15-30 cm)
12-18 in. (30-45 cm)
18-24 in. (45-60 cm)
24-36 in. (60-90 cm)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)
15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:
Pale Green
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From herbaceous stem cuttings
By simple layering

Seed Collecting:
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds
Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible

Click thumbnail
to view:

By Dinu
Thumbnail #1 of Piper betle by Dinu

By JJsgarden
Thumbnail #2 of Piper betle by JJsgarden

By thetripscaptain
Thumbnail #3 of Piper betle by thetripscaptain

By Love2bugs
Thumbnail #4 of Piper betle by Love2bugs

By Love2bugs
Thumbnail #5 of Piper betle by Love2bugs

By Metrosideros
Thumbnail #6 of Piper betle by Metrosideros

By Dinu
Thumbnail #7 of Piper betle by Dinu


2 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Love2bugs On Jul 31, 2011, Love2bugs from Jonesville, VA wrote:

This betel plant is used as a herb for wrapping for Thai snack and chop the leaf to put in the curry for sea food for nice aroma. The gourmet cook uses the leaf to wrap fish for grilling.

Positive Kada On Sep 23, 2007, Kada from Southern
Taiwan wrote:

This is the leaf used in the Betel nut chew. Very strongly flavoured leaves are wrapped around the nut with a lime paste.

Fast growing vine. Cuttings are easy to take often having root buds at every leaf.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Hawaiian Paradise Park, Hawaii
Marrero, Louisiana
Jonesville, Virginia

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