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Codiaeum variegatum var. pictum

Family: Euphorbiaceae (yoo-for-bee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Codiaeum (koh-dih-EE-um) (Info)
Species: variegatum var. pictum



Tropicals and Tender Perennials


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Gold (Yellow-Orange)

Bloom Time:

Blooms repeatedly


Grown for foliage





Other details:

This plant is suitable for growing indoors

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Suitable for growing in containers

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From herbaceous stem cuttings

From woody stem cuttings

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Phoenix, Arizona

Garden Grove, California

Bartow, Florida

Big Pine Key, Florida

Boca Raton, Florida

Delray Beach, Florida

Holmes Beach, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Miami, Florida

Ocoee, Florida

Orlando, Florida

Stuart, Florida

Tampa, Florida

West Palm Beach, Florida

Sylvania, Georgia

Honomu, Hawaii

Broaddus, Texas

Dallas, Texas

Katy, Texas

Missouri City, Texas

Victoria, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jun 18, 2006, eurokitty from Seattle, WA (Zone 9b) wrote:

Very good color and fairly hardy here in Southwest Florida. Can take lots of heat, and handles periods without rain well. I had one virtually die out down to a stub and it's now coming back with some TLC. They do not grow very quickly, but if patient, they can form a dazzling hedge if spaced fairly close. I have a mix of red and green crotons as a border to my driveway here. They are used all over public areas here, in some cases as small square hedges.


On Aug 31, 2004, foodiesleuth from Honomu, HI (Zone 11) wrote:

We love crotons due to their variety, coloring and ease of growth. My son has started a collection and gets new (to us) wherever he can find them. He must have about 12 - 14 different varieties at this time....from very narrow long thin leaves to wider ones.

One I remember from childhood in Cuba and am looking for has leaves that are twisted...have not found those here anywhere..yet! To me they resemble uninflated balloons that when filled with air are long and have round sections


On Aug 30, 2004, broozersnooze from Jacksonville, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

I've had one for several years now. It remains in my garden 24/7/365. I just cover it to protect it from frost. Good for contrast midst the ferns.