Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Wild Garlic, Drummond's Onion, Drummond Wild Onion, Prairie Onion
Allium drummondii

Family: Alliaceae
Genus: Allium (AL-ee-um) (Info)
Species: drummondii (drum-AWN-dee-eye) (Info)

Synonym:Allium helleri
Synonym:Allium nuttallii

10 members have or want this plant for trade.

View this plant in a garden


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:
Pale Pink
Fuchsia (Red-Purple)
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring
Mid Spring


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
This plant is resistant to deer

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From bulbils

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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There are a total of 9 photos.
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3 positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive StillPlaysWDirt On Jul 8, 2013, StillPlaysWDirt from (Becky), Lipan, TX (Zone 7b) wrote:

This plant grows wild on my property and has survived drought and being mowed over without any change in performance. Not very interesting of a plant compared to the things I've intentionally cultivated here, but it blooms with no attention whatsoever and is a cute little flower so I guess I'll keep it around. I collected a lot of seed from it for the first time this year and intend to scatter it around the yard in places that could use a little cheering up :)

Neutral patkman On May 6, 2011, patkman from Blanco, TX wrote:

I don't grow wild garlic, but it occurs as a volunteer under my fig tree on the afternoon sun side, and has done so for many years. I water it about once a month if the weather is really dry. I have also ignored watering it and it does quite well on it's own.
I'm in downtown Blanco. I have also seen it growing wild in yards in Wimberley.

A question: How do I prepare it for table use?

Neutral jojoringer On Apr 12, 2008, jojoringer from Joey in Conroe, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

This plant grow along shady edges of my yard. Unfortunately one of these edges is where I decided to put perennial bed. It keeps popping up even through heavy mulch. It's not a terrible eyesore so I guess I will learn to coexist with it. It does make mowing the grass more fragrant.

Positive htop On Apr 17, 2007, htop from San Antonio, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

Wild Garlic, Drummond's Onion, Drummond Wild Onion, Prairie Onion (Allium drummondii) is the most widely distributed wild onion species in Texas growing natively in various soils and vegetative areas. The 3/4 inch wide blooms have tepals not petals, appear on a slender flower stem, are clustered in an umbel. They produce shiny black seeds. An asexual form produces tiny bulbets at the tips of the flower stalks. This species may be distinguished from Allium canadense by examining the underground bulbs. The outer covering of Allium drummondii bulbs are papery; wheras, Allium canadense bulbs have a criss-cross fiber-type coating surrounding them. Both smell oniony and both types of bulbs are edible. Just do not confuse them with crow-poison, false garlic (Nothoscordum bivalve) which neither smells like garlic nor onion and is poisonous.

Positive dmj1218 On Aug 12, 2006, dmj1218 from west Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Native to Texas, New Mexico, western Nebraska, and northeastern Mexico; priaries and hillsides in limestone areas.This is one of the showier native species for garden cultivation, with loose umbels of starry flowers in white, pink, and rarely in wine-red. The small bulbs increase by division requiring full sun, good drainage, and average precipitation during the summer when they are dormant. I grow them in a clay pot as part of my native bulb collection.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Thomasville, Georgia
Austin, Texas
Blanco, Texas
Bulverde, Texas
Conroe, Texas
De Leon, Texas
Fort Worth, Texas
Garland, Texas
Hondo, Texas
Lipan, Texas
Pottsboro, Texas
Richmond, Texas
San Antonio, Texas (3 reports)
Santo, Texas
Taylor, Texas
Kalama, Washington

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