Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: White Wild Onion, Prairie Onion, Textile Onion
Allium textile

Family: Alliaceae
Genus: Allium (AL-ee-um) (Info)
Species: textile (teks-TIL-ee) (Info)

Synonym:Allium aridum
Synonym:Allium reticulatum


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

3-6 in. (7-15 cm)
6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall


Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

Click thumbnail
to view:

By Bug_Girl
Thumbnail #1 of Allium textile by Bug_Girl

By altagardener
Thumbnail #2 of Allium textile by altagardener


No positives
1 neutral
1 negative

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral smiln32 On Dec 4, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

The flowers of this plant ARE beautiful. The plant, when in flower, only reaches a height of 3-4".

"Textile" refers to the fibrous, textile-like tissue around the bulb.

Negative Bug_Girl On Mar 27, 2003, Bug_Girl from San Francisco, CA wrote:

This is a weed that is very hard to get rid of because it creates tiny bulblets that stay in soil even if you pull up the plant. We moved into a house that had tons of white wild onion growning and it took two years to remove it. Even after taking away huge trash bags filled with wild onion, it kept coming back. So you have to be watching for it and remove it at once. It smells terrible when you pull it out. The flower can be pretty, but don't let that fool you.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Ferndale, California
Garberville, California
Martinez, California
San Francisco, California

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