Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Southern Nodding Trillium, Ill-Scented Wakerobin
Trillium rugelii

Family: Trilliaceae
Genus: Trillium (TRIL-ee-um) (Info)
Species: rugelii (roo-GEL-ee-eye) (Info)

One vendor has this plant for sale.

6 members have or want this plant for trade.


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Partial to Full Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Maroon (Purple-Brown)
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
This plant may be considered a protected species; check before digging or gathering seeds

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible

Click thumbnail
to view:

By arsenic
Thumbnail #1 of Trillium rugelii by arsenic

By arsenic
Thumbnail #2 of Trillium rugelii by arsenic


2 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive hymenocallis On Jun 2, 2010, hymenocallis from Auburn, AL (Zone 8a) wrote:

This trillium is also endemic to Alabama and is one beautiful plant.

Neutral macybee On Nov 23, 2007, macybee from Deer Park, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Endemic to Tennessee, USA, this trillium is now regarded as rather rare and endangered in the wild. However, it is becoming more common in cultivation.
Zones 5-9

Positive Tiarella On Mar 19, 2004, Tiarella from Tunnel Hill, GA (Zone 7a) wrote:

I'm not sure why this plant is labeled "ill-scented" as it has a fruity scent to me - like mangoes.

This is a tall robust variety of trillium that carries the flower below the leaves. It usually has dark purple ovary and stamens though sometimes the ovary is white.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anniston, Alabama (2 reports)
Auburn, Alabama
Tunnel Hill, Georgia
Rehoboth, Massachusetts

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