Black Mulberry, Toot Tree, Persian Mulberry
Morus nigra

Family: Moraceae (mor-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Morus (MOR-russ) (Info)
Species: nigra (NY-gruh) (Info)

Category:

Trees

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us

Height:

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

Spacing:

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade

Danger:

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Chartreuse (Yellow-Green)

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Foliage:

Deciduous

Veined

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

From hardwood cuttings

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Ashdown, Arkansas

Wickes, Arkansas

Beaumont, California

La Canada Flintridge, California

Rancho Palos Verdes, California

Clifton, Colorado

Boca Raton, Florida

Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Gainesville, Florida

Hollywood, Florida

Saint Petersburg, Florida

Tampa, Florida

Welaka, Florida

Atlanta, Georgia

Fort Valley, Georgia

Carterville, Illinois

Independence, Louisiana

Billerica, Massachusetts

Tecumseh, Michigan

Moss Point, Mississippi

Waynesboro, Mississippi

Las Cruces, New Mexico

Portland, Oregon

Greencastle, Pennsylvania

Hamburg, Pennsylvania

West Columbia, South Carolina

Clarksville, Tennessee

Cibolo, Texas

Medina, Texas

Portland, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

5
positives
2
neutrals
0
negatives
RatingContent
Positive

On Mar 22, 2013, kittycat2 from Moss Point, MS wrote:

ONCE YOU GO BLACK YOU'D NEVER GO BACK. This black mulberry is so much better than the red, that I can't figure why anyone would plant a red mulberry, except they never tried a black one. It is very sweet, but also a little tart like a dewberry, or a really good blackberry with no detectable seeds. It grows very well in zone 8b where I live. My 3 year old tree is 15 ft. tall and bore fruit the second year. I hope it continues to grow well because I planted 4 more trees after I had a chance to taste the fruit. It doesn't seem to be as invasive as the red variety or there would be more of them around.

Neutral

On Jul 12, 2009, diamondjfarms from Needville, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

The Persian mulberry is a large 3 inch blackberry-like fruit that is dark purple to black. It is excellent for fresh eating or jam. The Persian Mulberry makes a large 25-30 foot tree with dense heart-shaped leaves.

Positive

On Jun 4, 2006, angelam from melbourne
Australia wrote:

We had the first large crop from our young tree last season. There was a net placed over the tree to defend it from the birds and fruitbats, which worked to some extent, although the blackbirds and mynahs were willing to risk entering along the ground and being trapped to get at the fruit. It is large and luscious and when fully ripe as sweet as can be. My personal preference is for slightly underripe berries which are less sweet but have more flavour. The berries went into sauces for ice-cream, jams, onto cereals in a morning and every berry recipe I could find. (Muffins were a particularly big hit). But overall the kids' preference was straight from tree to mouth.
It is probably a tree for a large garden as its growth habit is an insane tangle (or you could buy the weeping form) ... read more

Neutral

On Jul 6, 2004, morus from La Canada Flintridge, CA wrote:

tree grows vigorously and wildly, loses leaves in winter. fruits from about mid may through august, heaviest in late june. fruits make a big mess so plant away from house or you will be tracking black staining juice on your carpet. fruit is sweet but flavor is non descriptive.

Positive

On Jun 23, 2004, desertboot from Bangalore
India (Zone 10a) wrote:

silk caterpillars (in India) are reared on an exclusive diet of fresh green Mulberry leaves up until the time they begin spinning their cocoons. Sometime in the '70, I was given a tray full of caterpillars for a biology project in school. These came from a "silk-worm" farmer, and complete with a supply of favourite-diet branches and leaves. I must have stuck one of those branches into the ground in a corner of the garden. Today, we have a LARGE and unruly Mulberry tree. No silk-caterpillars, of course, but the birds - Bulbuls, Crows, Cuckoos - love to squabble over the fruit. We let them have it all since the slightly tart berries are decidedly more suited to harvesting by beak!

Positive

On Nov 28, 2003, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

My grandpa had a Black Mulberry tree. I spent my vacations in his house, and used to eat the berries a lot, being pure, or as jams, juices, pies... I always knew I would get loads of those delicious berries when I visited him. But then the tree died, and I never ate it again.

12 or 13 years later, during a trip, I found around 10 Black Mullbery Trees growing together, and they were loaded! I got my fingers, my lips and my tongue purple with their juice. It was nice. I wish more people would grow it here in Rio de Janeiro. This is not the kind of fruit that can be transported to supermarkets and all, the only wat to get them is by picking them from the trees.

Positive

On Apr 16, 2003, Chamma from Tennille, GA (Zone 8b) wrote:

FAst growing, fruit bearing tree used extensively in Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. The trees bear fruit in late spring. In Lebanon, juice and ice-pops are made from this fruit and it is a welcomed treat on a hot summerday!
I find them a bit messy when the fruits begin to drop as they are staining. Birds love to eat the fruits.
The fruits make nice jams and jellies.