Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Black Mulberry, Toot Tree, Persian Mulberry
Morus nigra

Family: Moraceae (mor-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Morus (MOR-russ) (Info)
Species: nigra (NY-gruh) (Info)

5 vendors have this plant for sale.

43 members have or want this plant for trade.


20-30 ft. (6-9 m)
30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
Chartreuse (Yellow-Green)

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From woody stem cuttings
From semi-hardwood cuttings
From hardwood cuttings

Seed Collecting:
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

Click thumbnail
to view:

By Chamma
Thumbnail #1 of Morus nigra by Chamma

By Monocromatico
Thumbnail #2 of Morus nigra by Monocromatico

By kennedyh
Thumbnail #3 of Morus nigra by kennedyh

By kennedyh
Thumbnail #4 of Morus nigra by kennedyh

By Hemental
Thumbnail #5 of Morus nigra by Hemental

By saya
Thumbnail #6 of Morus nigra by saya

By Kim_M
Thumbnail #7 of Morus nigra by Kim_M

There are a total of 8 photos.
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5 positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive kittycat2 On Mar 22, 2013, kittycat2 from Moss Point, MS wrote:

ONCE YOU GO BLACK YOU'D NEVER GO BACK. This black mulberry is so much better than the red, that I can't figure why anyone would plant a red mulberry, except they never tried a black one. It is very sweet, but also a little tart like a dewberry, or a really good blackberry with no detectable seeds. It grows very well in zone 8b where I live. My 3 year old tree is 15 ft. tall and bore fruit the second year. I hope it continues to grow well because I planted 4 more trees after I had a chance to taste the fruit. It doesn't seem to be as invasive as the red variety or there would be more of them around.

Neutral diamondjfarms On Jul 12, 2009, diamondjfarms from Needville, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

The Persian mulberry is a large 3 inch blackberry-like fruit that is dark purple to black. It is excellent for fresh eating or jam. The Persian Mulberry makes a large 25-30 foot tree with dense heart-shaped leaves.

Positive angelam On Jun 4, 2006, angelam from melbourne
Australia wrote:

We had the first large crop from our young tree last season. There was a net placed over the tree to defend it from the birds and fruitbats, which worked to some extent, although the blackbirds and mynahs were willing to risk entering along the ground and being trapped to get at the fruit. It is large and luscious and when fully ripe as sweet as can be. My personal preference is for slightly underripe berries which are less sweet but have more flavour. The berries went into sauces for ice-cream, jams, onto cereals in a morning and every berry recipe I could find. (Muffins were a particularly big hit). But overall the kids' preference was straight from tree to mouth.
It is probably a tree for a large garden as its growth habit is an insane tangle (or you could buy the weeping form) and you don't want it near doors,paving or drying laundry. It is very staining. But the pure luxury of having kilos of berries, at my disposal, for several weeks more than repays any such drawback.

Neutral morus On Jul 6, 2004, morus from La Canada Flintridge, CA wrote:

tree grows vigorously and wildly, loses leaves in winter. fruits from about mid may through august, heaviest in late june. fruits make a big mess so plant away from house or you will be tracking black staining juice on your carpet. fruit is sweet but flavor is non descriptive.

Positive desertboot On Jun 23, 2004, desertboot from Bangalore
India (Zone 10a) wrote:

silk caterpillars (in India) are reared on an exclusive diet of fresh green Mulberry leaves up until the time they begin spinning their cocoons. Sometime in the '70, I was given a tray full of caterpillars for a biology project in school. These came from a "silk-worm" farmer, and complete with a supply of favourite-diet branches and leaves. I must have stuck one of those branches into the ground in a corner of the garden. Today, we have a LARGE and unruly Mulberry tree. No silk-caterpillars, of course, but the birds - Bulbuls, Crows, Cuckoos - love to squabble over the fruit. We let them have it all since the slightly tart berries are decidedly more suited to harvesting by beak!

Positive Monocromatico On Nov 28, 2003, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

My grandpa had a Black Mulberry tree. I spent my vacations in his house, and used to eat the berries a lot, being pure, or as jams, juices, pies... I always knew I would get loads of those delicious berries when I visited him. But then the tree died, and I never ate it again.

12 or 13 years later, during a trip, I found around 10 Black Mullbery Trees growing together, and they were loaded! I got my fingers, my lips and my tongue purple with their juice. It was nice. I wish more people would grow it here in Rio de Janeiro. This is not the kind of fruit that can be transported to supermarkets and all, the only wat to get them is by picking them from the trees.

Positive Chamma On Apr 16, 2003, Chamma from Tennille, GA (Zone 8b) wrote:

FAst growing, fruit bearing tree used extensively in Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. The trees bear fruit in late spring. In Lebanon, juice and ice-pops are made from this fruit and it is a welcomed treat on a hot summerday!
I find them a bit messy when the fruits begin to drop as they are staining. Birds love to eat the fruits.
The fruits make nice jams and jellies.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Ashdown, Arkansas
Wickes, Arkansas
Beaumont, California
La Canada Flintridge, California
Rancho Palos Verdes, California
Clifton, Colorado
Boca Raton, Florida
Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Gainesville, Florida
Hollywood, Florida
Saint Petersburg, Florida
Tampa, Florida
Welaka, Florida
Atlanta, Georgia
Fort Valley, Georgia
Carterville, Illinois
Independence, Louisiana
Billerica, Massachusetts
Tecumseh, Michigan
Moss Point, Mississippi
Waynesboro, Mississippi
Las Cruces, New Mexico
Portland, Oregon
Greencastle, Pennsylvania
Hamburg, Pennsylvania
West Columbia, South Carolina
Clarksville, Tennessee
Cibolo, Texas
Medina, Texas
Portland, Texas

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