Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Bloodroot, Red Puccoon
Sanguinaria canadensis f. multiplex

Family: Papaveraceae (pa-pav-er-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Sanguinaria (san-gwin-AR-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: canadensis f. multiplex

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16 members have or want this plant for trade.

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under 6 in. (15 cm)

12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

Sun Exposure:
Light Shade
Partial to Full Shade

All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

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There are a total of 26 photos.
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3 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive coriaceous On Feb 1, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

A spectacular little native spring woodlander. The flower is bold and showy for the size of the plant. I too grow both kinds, and I've known the single form to self-sow about an urban garden almost to excess. The double form does not set seed.

An easy undemanding plant to grow.

I too regret that the flower is so ephemeral, and also find that the double lasts better than the single. If the weather is favorable, it can remain in bloom for over a week. But a heavy rainstorm can strip a flower of its petals after only a few days.

The big lobed leaves that rise up wrapped about the flower stem are handsome and distinctive, and would make this plant worth growing for their own sake. And unlike most native spring woodlanders, the foliage stays up and in handsome working order for most of the season.

Positive GDT_GardenGuy On Jun 5, 2004, GDT_GardenGuy from Elkton, MD (Zone 7a) wrote:

I grow both the single and double form. I find the double most striking and it also holds its petals longer. The double form 'Mulitplex' is sterile so will not set seed. Both forms are easy to grow. The single from seed is best to plant freshly harvested. Within weeks I have had it germinate. It takes roughly a year to two years for the small rhizome that forms from the seed to be mature enough to flower. Allow the leaves to fully ripen over the summer. The double form seems to hold its leaves for a longer period of time. All my plants are in full sun in April when they bloom yet once the leaves are fully set, they are in full shade. The soil is consistently moist, well-drained, rich, and acidic. Well worth growing for the short bloom period in Mid-April. This is a North American native plant once used by the native Americans as a source for face paint. The rhizome, once cut, exudes an orangey-red sap, thus the name "Bloodroot".

Positive timbalo On Mar 25, 2004, timbalo from Columbia, SC wrote:

I found one of these on a walk through the foothills of South Carolina several years ago. It has come back every year in my garden since as one of the first flowers to appear at the end of winter. The flower lasts only a week or so and is replaced with a seed pod. A small, delicate, unusual little plant that likes shade and moisture.

Neutral Baa On Apr 19, 2003, Baa wrote:

A double form of S. canadensis.

This form bears fully double, pure white flowers that last longer than the single form.

Loves a humus rich, well-drained soil in shade. It will tolerate light shade as long as the soil is well-drained but moist.

An excellent and showy woodland garden plant. Won't come true from seed!


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

West Fork, Arkansas
Sherman, Connecticut
Columbus, Indiana
Elkton, Maryland
Belchertown, Massachusetts
Hinsdale, Massachusetts
Roslindale, Massachusetts
Wayland, Massachusetts
Royal Oak, Michigan
Williamston, Michigan
Saint Paul, Minnesota
Saint Louis, Missouri
Elizabeth City, North Carolina
Dayton, Ohio
Barto, Pennsylvania
Norristown, Pennsylvania
Columbia, South Carolina
Powell, Tennessee
Belmont, Wisconsin
Edgerton, Wisconsin

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