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Common Lilac, French Lilac 'Madame Lemoine'

Syringa vulgaris

Family: Oleaceae (oh-lee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Syringa (si-RING-gah) (Info)
Species: vulgaris (vul-GAIR-iss) (Info)
Cultivar: Madame Lemoine



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are good for cutting

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer




Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

By grafting

By air layering

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

West Orange, New Jersey

Elba, New York

Allentown, Pennsylvania

Tiverton, Rhode Island

Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 25, 2006, bbinnj from West Orange, NJ (Zone 6a) wrote:

Mine is about 10 years old and gives me lovely blooms every year, as long as I prune it correctly. The scent is, well, heavenly. True lilac scent. Growing in full sun, good drainage, cedar mulch all around, little fertilizing (some rose fertilizer once a year or so).


On Jul 14, 2004, saya from Heerlen,
Netherlands (Zone 8b) wrote:

This lilac has a wonderfull scent and I'm looking forward every year for its blooming. Ater blooming I break out old blooms directly after flowering . Every three years (about) I give it a trim to keep it as a small tree in my garden and to stimulate an overall new growth.
I live in an old neighbourhood..houses were build for the miners around 1900. Neighbours gave each other cuttings from their syringa in different colours and the most of them are still growing in these gardens. There are Syringa trees blooming up to 6 meters and 6 meters across. So Syranga blooming time is a beautifull sight and my neighbourhoods air is lovely scented..specially after a spring rain.