Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Bloody Cranesbill, Hardy Geranium
Geranium sanguineum 'Max Frei'

Family: Geraniaceae (jer-ay-nee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Geranium (jer-AY-nee-um) (Info)
Species: sanguineum (san-GWIN-ee-um) (Info)
Cultivar: Max Frei

» View all varieties of Hardy Geraniums

6 vendors have this plant for sale.

6 members have or want this plant for trade.

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6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:
Magenta (Pink-Purple)

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer


Other details:
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
This plant is resistant to deer
Suitable for growing in containers

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From herbaceous stem cuttings

Seed Collecting:
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

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4 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Rosiespring On Apr 23, 2014, Rosiespring from Custer, SD wrote:

Altitude here is just over one mile, rocky but somewhat improved soil, sometimes down to -28 degrees. Max Frei was planted near the Apothecary rose in full sun in 2000. It has spread to at least 3 feet wide, has volunteered in a few spots up to 10 feet away - and blooms beautifully. If I do some shearing or dead heading, it throws out some more blossoms. Turns pretty red and yellow mixed in with the green foliage as weather cools. Max does flop over later in season, so I surround it in spring with a "tube" of chicken wire - it helps. This is a good, strong blooming plant that I rely on.

Positive annakins On Nov 2, 2009, annakins from Aberdeen, SD wrote:

Wonderful plant for the front of the border. Blooms all summer and fall. Looks good next to woods purple aster. Both bloomed even after frost.

Positive tabasco On Jun 3, 2009, tabasco from Cincinnati (Anderson Twp), OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

I've have G. 'Max Frei' in my sunny border planted along the driveway edge where it gets morning sun and afternoon shade. I started with one plant four years ago and two years later divided it into four and now have a thriving little colony of them. I wish I had more, too

I'm surprised there are not more positive comments about 'Max Frei' on Plant Files since it's one of the nicest, easiest to grow, compact hardy geraniums in our Zone 6a garden.

I highly recommend it for a neat little edger or rock garden plant with pretty bright flowers in May and June.

Positive diasue53 On May 26, 2003, diasue53 from Dayton, OH wrote:

These plants edge my perennial garden. I love them, and wish I could track down more. I'm in Zone 5 and they've been thriving for 5 years now in a sun/part shade environment. Soil goes from moist in the spring to dry-dry-dry in the summer.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Des Plaines, Illinois
Lake In The Hills, Illinois
Gardiner, Maine
Royal Oak, Michigan
Hopkins, Minnesota (2 reports)
North Platte, Nebraska
Brookline, New Hampshire
Jefferson, New York
Apex, North Carolina
Cincinnati, Ohio
Dayton, Ohio
Strongsville, Ohio
Aberdeen, South Dakota
Custer, South Dakota
Orchards, Washington
Watertown, Wisconsin

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