Hardiness: USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F) USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F) USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F) USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F) USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F) USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F)
Sun Exposure: Partial to Full Shade
Danger: Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction
Bloom Color: Pale Pink White/Near White
Bloom Time: Late Spring/Early Summer
Foliage: Evergreen Veined
Other details: Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings This plant may be considered a protected species; check before digging or gathering seeds
Soil pH requirements: 5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic) 5.6 to 6.0 (acidic) 6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
On Apr 11, 2013, kattykorn from Cleveland, GA (Zone 7a) wrote:
Have a very few of these scattered across the woods on my property. Would love to have more but they are apparently very difficult to propagate. If any one has had success propagating this plant by seed or division, please share.
On Feb 15, 2006, raisedbedbob from Walkerton, VA (Zone 7a) wrote:
This also applies to C. umbellata. According to the Peterson Field Guide to Medicinal Plants, American Indians used a leaf tea to treat backaches, coughs, bladder inflammations, stomachaches, kidney ailments, as a "blood purifier", diuretic, astringent; drops used for sore eyes. Leaves were smokes as a tobacco substitute.
On Jun 6, 2004, mountainmeadowseeds from Augusta, WV (Zone 5b) wrote:
Interesting little plants, grow as a group around fallen leaves in shade on our property. It is a perennial at least it comes back in the same area every year. Ours have little stems protruding with bell like flowers hooking downward right now 6-5-04. Will try and see if it goes to seed. Supposed to have skin irritating properties, I will find this out and report back if I am affected in any way.
On Aug 16, 2003, BrownZone8 from Statesboro, GA wrote:
I have not yet tried to grow this in a pot. It grows wild and here in SE Georgia is often found in the moist ground underneath pine trees, often seen coming up through the pine straw on the shady forest floor.
On Jul 21, 2001, kat7 from Bloomingdale, NJ (Zone 6a) wrote:
Evergreen. Grows in dry woods.
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
, Indian Springs Village, Alabama Cleveland, Georgia (2 reports) Cornelia, Georgia Dunwoody, Georgia North Decatur, Georgia Statesboro, Georgia Barbourville, Kentucky Green Haven, Maryland Valley Lee, Maryland Mashpee, Massachusetts North Reading, Massachusetts Pembroke, Massachusetts Worcester, Massachusetts Verona, New Jersey Boger City, North Carolina Chapel Hill, North Carolina Elizabeth City, North Carolina Greensboro, North Carolina Raleigh, North Carolina Sylva, North Carolina Ashley, Pennsylvania Laflin, Pennsylvania Campobello, South Carolina India Hook, South Carolina Myrtle Beach, South Carolina Clinton, Tennessee Dickson, Tennessee Viola, Tennessee Bassett, Virginia Broadway, Virginia Leesburg, Virginia Lexington, Virginia Mechanicsville, Virginia Merrimac, Virginia Roanoke, Virginia Augusta, West Virginia