Ponderosa Pine, Norway Pine, Big Pine, Western Yellow Pine
Pinus ponderosa

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pinus (PY-nus) (Info)
Species: ponderosa (pon-der-OH-suh) (Info)
Synonym:Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa
View this plant in a garden

Category:

Trees

Conifers

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us

Height:

over 40 ft. (12 m)

Spacing:

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Danger:

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Brown/Bronze

Inconspicuous/none

Bloom Time:

N/A

Foliage:

Grown for foliage

Evergreen

Provides winter interest

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Flagstaff, Arizona

Prescott, Arizona

Amador City, California

Chico, California

Sacramento, California

Yucca Valley, California

Boulder, Colorado

Aurora, Illinois

Glen Ellyn, Illinois

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Belfield, North Dakota

Dickinson, North Dakota

Bend, Oregon

Klamath Falls, Oregon

La Pine, Oregon

Livingston, Texas

Orem, Utah

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Gardeners' Notes:

8
positives
0
neutrals
0
negatives
RatingContent
Positive

On Aug 19, 2015, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

Some have been planted in the west suburbs of Chicago, IL, and do well in the usually silty-clay loam soils of pH about 7.0. A handsome stately large pine that does not get nearly as big as it does in its native habitat out in the West and its bark does not mature to as much to a heavy scaly form. It usually gets about 30 to 50 feet high in the Midwest landscapes. They look very much like the Austrian Black Pine that is the most commonly planted landscape pine in the area, due to its adaptability to alkaline soils and tougher conditions for pines. The ponderosa has longer needles to 10" long and in bundles of 2's and 3's while the Austrian has needles only in 2's and to 6" long.

Positive

On Mar 4, 2012, charlotte59 from Spokane, WA wrote:

I need help. Here in Spokane, many residential areas are canopied with the native ponderosas that were here before the houses were here. Although it is a tiny percentage of the "forest," a number of them do topple during winter storms. This generally happens when high winds (to 55 mph) follow precipitation that has resulted in water-soaked soil. Along with some firs, an oak and a maple, I have three ponderosas. All three are good-sized, but one is a huge, beautiful, healthy-looking tree that must be pretty old, though. I don't know how to care for the trees during the other three seasons to keep them standing. Should I water them deeply so their roots won't be too shallow to hold the tree fast during the storms? Or should I give them the summer drought that nature intends? (This... read more

Positive

On Aug 29, 2011, Larch16 from Kamloops, BC (Zone 5a) wrote:

We have 3 large ponderosa pines in our yard. They are beautiful trees and are very rewarding. Every time we go outside, the trees are full of wildlife. We see squirrels, chipmunks, sparrows, etc. They also provide good shade and give privacy to the yard. We haven't had any problems with these trees and highly recommend them for large yards.

Positive

On Feb 27, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

Upper Midwest United States Note:

Ponderosa Pine is increasing popular in the plant trade - even for the Twin Cities - northern range stock plants are used for zone 3 and 4, even zone 5. Will tolerate a wide range of conditions so keep constantly moist won't apply to this species. Grows on mountain slope and decend down the mountain into areas where the levels of moisture is sufficient to make them grow so they have good drought tolerance but need to be watered from time to time. Competitions from Austrian Pine and Red Pine, 2 other long needle species of pine commonly grown in zone 4 and low public knowledge keep sales of this species at presently in third place for long needle pines.

For Upper Midwest ID:

Red Pines have shorter needles that b... read more

Positive

On Jan 11, 2005, WallaceR from La Pine, OR wrote:

The Ponderosa Pine can grow in excess of 150 feet tall.

Positive

On Nov 13, 2004, 433kfj from klamath falls, OR (Zone 6a) wrote:

I don't know where they got the name "Norway Pine" from because this is "THE" native pine of western america. This is one of the largest pines that grow anywhere in the world. THE largest pine, frome my understanding, is the sugar-pine, and they can grow HUGE by any tree's comparison, except, of course, the red-wood and sequoia, which aren't pines. Eastern Oregon wouldn't be what it is if it wasn't for the "yellow-belly" pine. In early logging days , they called the young, black-barked trees "bull-pine", thinking they where a different kind that were chocking out the "yellow-bellies". My dad still calls them "bull-pine" but I have since shown him that they are only young ponderosa and they don't get a "yellow-belly" untill they're about 150 yrs old. This "bull-pine" stage is all anyone can... read more

Positive

On Apr 30, 2004, shawnkilpatrick from Yucca Valley, CA wrote:

Although few in number, this pine grows well in the high desert areas of southern California. The Poderosas grow straight and maintain thick, green needles during the winters here, unlike the more common Eldarica and Aleppo Pines. I have two at my place in Yucca Valley (4000' Elv.) where we have blistering summers and dry, bone chilling winters. It's a shame they are not more commercially available for landscaping purposes in this area.

Positive

On Jun 6, 2003, Joan from Belfield, ND (Zone 4a) wrote:

Grows very well in zone 3 and 4. Doesn't mind poor sandy soil and is pretty drought tolerant.