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PlantFiles: Virginia Snakeroot, Black Snakeroot
Aristolochia serpentaria

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Family: Aristolochiaceae
Genus: Aristolochia (a-ris-toh-LOH-kee-uh) (Info)
Species: serpentaria (ser-pen-TAIR-ee-uh) (Info)

7 members have or want this plant for trade.

Category:
Perennials
Vines and Climbers

Height:
6-12 in. (15-30 cm)
12-18 in. (30-45 cm)
18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

Spacing:
9-12 in. (22-30 cm)

Hardiness:
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Danger:
Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
Maroon (Purple-Brown)

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer

Foliage:
Grown for foliage
Herbaceous
Veined

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Flowers are fragrant
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
This plant may be considered a protected species; check before digging or gathering seeds

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:
Non-patented

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From woody stem cuttings
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

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There are a total of 8 photos.
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Profile:

2 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

RatingAuthorContent
Positive bfowler On Oct 28, 2012, bfowler from Bunker Hill, WV wrote:

I live in West Virginia (berkeley county) in the eastern panhandle. Yes virginia snakeroot grows here. I have transplanted close to a 100 of these into my woods and several in growing containers in my yard. The ones in the woods I use for seed to start new ones and also sell live root stock from the ones in containers. Most of the transplants are dormant now and they were transplanted this year. So in the spring I should have seed stock.

Positive tabasco On Sep 1, 2008, tabasco from Cincinnati (Anderson Twp), OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

This Aristolochia serpentaria is a woodland native to our region and grows in the parkland forest bordering our property. Unlike other aristolochias, this unremarkable little green plant grows low to the ground and is often over shadowed by other showier plants along the pathways.

A. serpentaria serves as a host plant for the Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly (Battus philenor) and is probably the most used Aristolochia for Pipevine ST egg-laying in our region. The plant is rarely found in garden centers but seeds or rooted starts are occasionally available on the internet. The seeds lend themselves to the 'wintersowing' seed starting method.

If you are looking for host plants for the Pipevine Swallowtail, another popular host Aristolachia often used by the Pipevine Swallowtail for egg-laying in our region is the vine 'Aristolochia tomentosa' aka 'Woolly Pipevine'. This viney aristolochia is more commonly available in garden centers.

Neutral frostweed On Nov 30, 2006, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Virginia Snakeroot, Black Snakeroot Aristolochia serpentaria is native to Texas and other States.

Regional...

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Santa Cruz, California
Cordele, Georgia
Cornelia, Georgia
Lincoln, Nebraska
Plainfield, New Jersey
Cincinnati, Ohio
Glouster, Ohio
Stow, Ohio
Fort Worth, Texas (2 reports)
Leesburg, Virginia



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