Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Opium Poppy, Breadseed Poppy, Lettuce Leaf Poppy
Papaver somniferum 'Naughty Nineties'

Family: Papaveraceae (pa-pav-er-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Papaver (puh-PAY-ver) (Info)
Species: somniferum (som-NEE-fer-um) (Info)
Cultivar: Naughty Nineties

One vendor has this plant for sale.

17 members have or want this plant for trade.


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

9-12 in. (22-30 cm)

Not Applicable

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Scarlet (Dark Red)

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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There are a total of 9 photos.
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3 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive travelgal On Feb 8, 2010, travelgal from Clarkesville, GA wrote:

This is THE OPIUM Poppy. I was told it is actually against the law to grow it, but as long as you dont milk it, law enforcement turns its head for gardeners.
It actually comes in many shades of red, pink, lavender and even white. A group of them looks beautiful. Put them in the background somewhere, where they can reseed every year and not get in the way.
Looks good with old fashioned larkspur, if you can find the seeds, blooming at the same time with same habit.

Positive jmorth On Dec 11, 2009, jmorth from Divernon, IL (Zone 5b) wrote:

Prolific self-seeders. Quiet wind-hardy. Quite historic, cause of the Opium Wars between England and China in the 1800's. Nice visual impact. Seed broadcast during cold months brings late spring flowers. Interesting seedhead.

Neutral claypa On Jul 18, 2006, claypa from West Pottsgrove, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:


Positive frogsrus On Apr 24, 2004, frogsrus from San Diego, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

This plant has a gorgeous flower but the foliage is not especially pretty. I planted the seed in fall and now the small plants are 52" and the tallest ones top out at 60". I wish I had put them behind the watsonias. the bees are thrilled with it! Next year it goes in the back!


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Wedowee, Alabama
Anchorage, Alaska
Fresno, California
Richmond, California
San Diego, California
San Leandro, California
Essex, Connecticut
Boise, Idaho
Divernon, Illinois
Somerset, Kentucky
The Dalles, Oregon
Anacortes, Washington

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