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Salal, Lemon-leaf Salal, Oregon Wintergreen,

Gaultheria shallon

Family: Ericaceae (er-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Gaultheria (gol-THAIR-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: shallon (SHAL-lon) (Info)



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)


USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade

Partial to Full Shade



Bloom Color:


White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer


Grown for foliage



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From hardwood cuttings

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

San Francisco, California

Eugene, Oregon

Grants Pass, Oregon

Bellingham, Washington

Blakely Island, Washington

Freeland, Washington

Gig Harbor, Washington

Lea Hill, Washington

Marysville, Washington

Olympia, Washington

Poulsbo, Washington

Seattle, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 3, 2009, anelson77 from Seattle, WA wrote:

I have planted a bunch of salal plugs, ordered from the King Country Conservation Plant Sale. They are in part shade to sun. They live, but after 4 years, are barely getting started. The ones in the sun are growing fastest. They dont seem to need summer water, but do seem to like places with lots of tree litter. I have some older established ones, providing valuable evergreen filler in dry shady places under conifers. The older ones are vigorous, and spread steadily but slowly.


On Jan 2, 2006, growin from Beautiful, BC (Zone 8b) wrote:

Groundcover plant that works best when planted at the base of trees or in naturalized areas. Will tolerate some drought and shade but tends to grow tall in shade. Prefers acidic soil that is well drained. Prune to keep looking fresh. Have seen mowed at some height which produces a clean low ground-cover. Evergreen foliage is attractive and often used in floral arrangements. Fruit can be used for crumble/pies.