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Silverthorn, Thorny Olive, Thorny Silverberry 'Fruitlandii'

Elaeagnus pungens

Family: Elaeagnaceae
Genus: Elaeagnus (el-ee-AG-nus) (Info)
Species: pungens (PUN-gens) (Info)
Cultivar: Fruitlandii



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)


USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer


Grown for foliage


Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

From hardwood cuttings

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Cullman, Alabama

Brooksville, Florida

Lecanto, Florida

New Port Richey, Florida

Pensacola, Florida

Thonotosassa, Florida

Ledbetter, Kentucky

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Biloxi, Mississippi

Edmond, Oklahoma

Spicewood, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jan 13, 2009, wormfood from Lecanto, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

Love this bush. I let it grow wild up into the trees which takes up alot of room. The "thorn" is a backwards growing branch that grabs onto an upper branch of a taller tree. If you decide to trim the silverthorn into a hedge you'll have trouble getting the branches out of the tree. If you cut them in fall, by springtime they can be pulled out because they die and become brittle. These bushes saved us from any wind damage during the 2004 hurricanes and the cardinals nest in them and are very well protected. When I trim a branch it is only to get it to grow in another direction. I cut close to a leafbud that is facing the direction I want.


On Jun 8, 2005, zsnp from Pensacola, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is a very nice evergreen shrub. Actually, Silverthorn does not have thorns. This plant is highly drought tolerant and can grow really fast. It tolerates air pollution, salt spray, and poor soil. The fruits are edible. Landscape designers love to use this plant for screening purposes.