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PlantFiles: Blue Elderberry
Sambucus nigra subsp. caerulea12

Family: Adoxaceae (a-dox-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Sambucus (sam-BYOO-kus) (Info)
Species: nigra subsp. caerulea12

Synonym:Sambucus caerulea

2 vendors have this plant for sale.

6 members have or want this plant for trade.


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)
15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
Pale Yellow
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Flowers are fragrant
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

Click thumbnail
to view:

By kennedyh
Thumbnail #1 of Sambucus nigra subsp. caerulea12 by kennedyh

By kennedyh
Thumbnail #2 of Sambucus nigra subsp. caerulea12 by kennedyh

By daryl
Thumbnail #3 of Sambucus nigra subsp. caerulea12 by daryl


1 positive
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive MTVineman On Apr 25, 2011, MTVineman from Helena, MT (Zone 5a) wrote:

This is my favourite Sambucus by far. It is native to the valleys of Western Montana where I live. Here, it makes a rather large tree-like shrub and it's bluish tinted green foliage and huge flowers plus the huge clusters of waxy blue fruit are extremely beautiful. It's one of the most noticeable and beautiful shrubs or tree's here in Montana. I see it quite often growing with Philadelphus lewisii and Physocarpus which are also native to Western Montana. I highly recommend it for it's beauty and the delicious fruit. Many times there will also be a big mass of Clematis ligusticifolia climbing into it too and that just adds to the beauty and interest.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Carrick, California
Helena, Montana
Broaddus, Texas

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