Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Japanese Bunching Onion, Welsh Onion, Multiplier Onion, Scallion, Green Onion
Allium fistulosum

Family: Alliaceae
Genus: Allium (AL-ee-um) (Info)
Species: fistulosum (fist-yoo-LOW-sum) (Info)

» View all varieties of Onions and Garlic

One vendor has this plant for sale.

12 members have or want this plant for trade.

View this plant in a garden


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Pale Pink
Pale Yellow
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
By tip layering

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Click thumbnail
to view:

By Weezingreens
Thumbnail #1 of Allium fistulosum by Weezingreens

By Todd_Boland
Thumbnail #2 of Allium fistulosum by Todd_Boland

By love0gardening
Thumbnail #3 of Allium fistulosum by love0gardening

By saya
Thumbnail #4 of Allium fistulosum by saya

By saya
Thumbnail #5 of Allium fistulosum by saya


2 positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral Wisee On Jan 10, 2015, Wisee from Batesville, AR wrote:

I've been experimenting with bunching onions to learn when is best to plant them as we live in the "intermediate" or mid-section of the US. I have yet to have success with bulb onions getting large enough to hold in the palm of your hand, so that leaves green bunching onions to try.
Of the three bunching onions I tried sowing directly this late summer/early fall (Evergreen Bunching, Southport 404, Lisbon), Evergreen Bunching sprouted the quickest. I also sowed Evergreen Bunching in a pot, which most every seed sprouted easily and they are currently overwintering in our green house until I can plant them in the garden as soon as we are no longer in the single and teen digits for overnight low temperatures.
One suggestion to get seeds to sprout in garden is to cover newly planted seeds with a damp mat of burlap to keep the soil evenly moist until the seeds sprout, otherwise, they seem to take forever when direct sown.
I would thin to 3-inches and keep weeds down around plants and fertilizer regularly with fish emulsion or chicken poop tea.

Positive love0gardening On May 7, 2009, love0gardening from West Milford, NJ (Zone 6a) wrote:

This is a great addition to the garden. They come back every year in zone 5, multiplying but not taking over, and have great flowers. I use them like scallions.

Neutral trifunov On Oct 21, 2004, trifunov from Brandon, MS (Zone 8a) wrote:

Sow from early spring to midsummer. In coastal areas can sow right through the winter. Germinate in 10-21 days. Thin to stand 3in apart when 1-2in high. Does not form bulbs (eat like a "Spring onion").

Positive kadawn74 On Jul 29, 2004, kadawn74 from Portland, OR (Zone 8b) wrote:

These are so satisfying to grow, sprout quickly, and are easy to watch as they progress. I have been known to harvest one or two (or three) as early as 3 weeks. At that age they are tiny but just as tasty!


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Ranburne, Alabama
Seward, Alaska
Tucson, Arizona (2 reports)
Clovis, California
San Jose, California
Indianapolis, Indiana
Eveleth, Minnesota
Neptune, New Jersey
West Milford, New Jersey
, Newfoundland and Labrador
Portland, Oregon
Spokane, Washington

We recommend Firefox
Overwhelmed? There's a lot to see here. Try starting at our homepage.

[ Home | About | Advertise | Media Kit | Mission | Featured Companies | Submit an Article | Terms of Use | Tour | Rules | Privacy Policy | Contact Us ]

Back to the top

Copyright © 2000-2015 Dave's Garden, an Internet Brands company. All Rights Reserved.

Hope for America