Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Chilean Wine Palm, Coquito de Chile
Jubaea chilensis

Family: Arecaceae (ar-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Jubaea (joo-BAY-uh) (Info)
Species: chilensis (chil-ee-EN-sis) (Info)

One vendor has this plant for sale.

18 members have or want this plant for trade.

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

over 40 ft. (12 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring
Mid Spring


Other details:
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
This plant is fire-retardant

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:
Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds

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7 positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive longjonsilverz On Apr 30, 2014, longjonsilverz from Centreville, MD wrote:

This palm has surprised me with its cold hardiness. I have been growing one in Eastern Maryland for a few years now and it shows minimal damage in average winters, however this last winter of 2013/14 was one of the coldest on record for this area. My Pindo palm (Butia Capitata) lost its spear and is likely dead (as of 4/30/14), and all of my windmill palms (Trachycarpus Fortunei) have defoliated and I'm still waiting for recovery as of April 30. My Jubea Chilensis however, has survived and is already showing new growth. It has only grown to an overall height of about 8 inches in 4 years so it was protected with a little mulch at the base, but the rest was left unprotected. Most of the outer parts were severely damaged, however the "spear" (the newest leaf) stayed green. Only my Needle palms (Rhapidophyllum Hystrix), Dwarf Palmettos (Sabal Minor), and Sabal Palmettos were also left with a green spear in spring.

Although the mulch certainly helped, I am convinced this palm is a bit underrated for cold tolerance, and from my experience is much better for this area than the Pindo Palm. It grows Extremely slow and takes a lot of patience though. I've heard reports that this palm doesn't really like the hot and humid summers of the Southeast and so the Mid-Atlantic's milder summers may be a benefit for growing this palm. It may never prove to be fully capable of surviving the worst of Maryland winters without the mulch, but its definitely worth a try in areas with milder winters.

Positive Mendopalmfarm On Oct 31, 2012, Mendopalmfarm from Willits, CA wrote:

I love these palms I have 3 with 3' barrel looking trunks they are probably 30 years old to my guess and three 15 to 20 year olds with trunks the size of 5 gal pots. Hundred 15 gal size and two in 200gal pots. These trees have never showed any damage even when trapped under snow and heavy frosts. I think they can easily handle temps to 15 degrees and maybe even down to 10 degrees for short periods with little damage. A must have for everyone who likes palms

Neutral dontruman On May 15, 2011, dontruman from Victoria, TX wrote:

As noted below, this is a VERY slow growing variety. It prefers partial shade in low latitude locations when young and it can be picky about humidity. If you are looking for a hardy very large palm, the Sabal causiarum (Puerto Rican hat palm) would be a better selection. It's faster growing but it has palmate (fan shaped) rather than pinnate fronds. Both varieties can benefit from careful side dressings of potassium (potassium is a salt that can burn if improperly applied). Symptoms of potassium deficiency are spotted yellowing of older fronds that spreads until the frond is almost solid yellow. Manganese, magnesium, and boron deficiencies can cause similar symptoms. Use a balanced fertilizer with as close to a 3:1:3 ratio that you can find and make sure that it includes magnesium, manganese, iron and trace minerals such as boron and zinc. Also work to increase soil acidity in alkaline soils. Alkaline soils can make vital minerals unavailable to the tree by binding them to the soil. Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate) is safe and beneficial for this purpose but tends to wash out of the soil fairly quickly.

Positive purplesun On Apr 7, 2010, purplesun from Krapets
Bulgaria (Zone 8a) wrote:

Planted a very small Chilean Wine Palm in autumn 2009 in my garden in Krapets, Bulgaria, zone 8a. The seedling had just two leaves and its growing tip and could not have been older than two years. This past winter, temperatures dropped to -3 degrees F, there were severe cold winds, though snow cover was substantial. Well, my Chilean Wine Palm is very much alive, with only the top half of its leaves burnt! Has not managed to rot, though this winter has been extraordinarily wet. This has positively been a huge surprise for me.

Positive markywellybe On Feb 4, 2010, markywellybe from Orland, CA wrote:

love these trees; have hundreds, have Ben collimating them for 25 years have starters form some old girls of some 300 years or it seems, they were that old when I met them;think they pre date America in California that is. the bay area. I've Been collecting and propagating them since I fell in love, every sept.each year. let me know; just want to see the forest again, don't mater where in the world besides Chile. love these trees. contact info: did not know they were so far reaching. just seems wondrously OK, like the world is in good hands(the garden that is)thank you: Mark

Neutral sylvainyang On Jun 28, 2006, sylvainyang from Edmond, OK wrote:

The seedlings get sun burn easily. I got 3 strong seedlings, there is only one survived. I should have tried the Buitia X Jubaea.

After I moved to Orange County in California, I bought a 15 Gallon
size Jubaea. It is so easy to take care of and good looking palm.

Positive palmsfromchile On Feb 9, 2005, palmsfromchile from Ocoa
Chile (Zone 9a) wrote:

There're some facts to add to this marvelous specimen:
- Total height: 30m
- Diameter: 2m
- Oldest specimen: 1600 years
- It can live in zone 8a too.
- Soil Ph: Neutral and Acidic

Positive Kylecawaza On Aug 23, 2004, Kylecawaza from Corte Madera, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

A Jubaea seedling with two strap leaves survived -2 F in Bellevue WA, with its only protection being that it was sbmerged in one foot of snow. The palm is still alive today, but hasn't grown in 2 years.

Positive palmbob On Jul 16, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Though slow growing, this is one of the prize palms for most collectors in the South Western States. It is the world's most massive palm and is native to Chile. It is also one of the most cold hardy palms easily handly frost, and some degree of freezing. Locally here in Los Angeles this tree, once a trunk has formed (up to 20 years for that to occur) is one of the most expensive palms you can buy. A large one will easily fetch thousands. They transplant fairly well, though a large crane and many workers are needed. It is also one of the few palms that does better in a Temperate environment than a tropical one. Though many in Florida and Hawaii may try to grow Jubaeas, most do not succeed. It prefers a dry (low humidity) climate.

This palm is one of the most susceptible to crown rot from overhead watering, so be careful how you water young plants... do not recommend watering with lawn sprinklers as rotting the bud is very easy to do this way, particularly in spring... but all year long even. Water with a hose or drip or some other method. It doesn't need much water as an adult, but seedlings can dessicate and die from lack of water.

Young palms do OK in full sun, but many find they do better in part day sun, at least while very young.

Adult palms can sometimes be confused with large Phoenix canariensis, and will sometimes be planted side by side to them in parks. But it is a much slower growing palm and tends to have slightly fatter trunk and fuller, more bluish crown of leaves. THis palm develops a smooth trunk with no leaf-base scars other than subtle flattened triangular shapes visible on the trunk, while the other more common plant has large, ornamental leaf scars. Also this palm has reduplicate leaflets (up side down 'V', while Phoenix have induplicate (upright 'V') leaflets. This characteristic can help tell apart seedlings as they do tend to look a lot alike. This palm does NOT have the horrible, deadly spines at the leaf bases, though, that Phoenix have.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anniston, Alabama
Berkeley, California
Brentwood, California
Encino, California
Fresno, California
Newark, California
Oceanside, California
Orland, California
Rancho Cucamonga, California
San Diego, California (2 reports)
San Jose, California
San Leandro, California
Santa Barbara, California
Santa Cruz, California
Saratoga, California
Union City, California
Vista, California
Willits, California
Chicago, Illinois
Centreville, Maryland
Edmond, Oklahoma
Galveston, Texas
Victoria, Texas
Belfair, Washington
Kent, Washington
Shoreline, Washington

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