Chilean Wine Palm, Coquito de Chile
Jubaea chilensis

Family: Arecaceae (ar-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Jubaea (joo-BAY-uh) (Info)
Species: chilensis (chil-ee-EN-sis) (Info)

Category:

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Palms

Height:

over 40 ft. (12 m)

Spacing:

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Danger:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Mid Spring

Foliage:

Evergreen

Blue-Green

Other details:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

This plant is fire-retardant

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anniston, Alabama

Berkeley, California

Brentwood, California

Encino, California

Fresno, California

Newark, California

Oceanside, California

Orland, California

Rancho Cucamonga, California

San Diego, California (2 reports)

San Jose, California

San Leandro, California

Santa Barbara, California

Santa Cruz, California

Saratoga, California

Union City, California

Vista, California

Willits, California

Chicago, Illinois

Centreville, Maryland

Edmond, Oklahoma

Galveston, Texas

Victoria, Texas

Belfair, Washington

Kent, Washington

Shoreline, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

7
positives
2
neutrals
0
negatives
RatingContent
Positive

On Apr 30, 2014, longjonsilverz from Centreville, MD wrote:

This palm has surprised me with its cold hardiness. I have been growing one in Eastern Maryland for a few years now and it shows minimal damage in average winters, however this last winter of 2013/14 was one of the coldest on record for this area. My Pindo palm (Butia Capitata) lost its spear and is likely dead (as of 4/30/14), and all of my windmill palms (Trachycarpus Fortunei) have defoliated and I'm still waiting for recovery as of April 30. My Jubea Chilensis however, has survived and is already showing new growth. It has only grown to an overall height of about 8 inches in 4 years so it was protected with a little mulch at the base, but the rest was left unprotected. Most of the outer parts were severely damaged, however the "spear" (the newest leaf) stayed green. Only my Needl... read more

Positive

On Oct 31, 2012, Mendopalmfarm from Willits, CA wrote:

I love these palms I have 3 with 3' barrel looking trunks they are probably 30 years old to my guess and three 15 to 20 year olds with trunks the size of 5 gal pots. Hundred 15 gal size and two in 200gal pots. These trees have never showed any damage even when trapped under snow and heavy frosts. I think they can easily handle temps to 15 degrees and maybe even down to 10 degrees for short periods with little damage. A must have for everyone who likes palms

Neutral

On May 15, 2011, dontruman from Victoria, TX wrote:

As noted below, this is a VERY slow growing variety. It prefers partial shade in low latitude locations when young and it can be picky about humidity. If you are looking for a hardy very large palm, the Sabal causiarum (Puerto Rican hat palm) would be a better selection. It's faster growing but it has palmate (fan shaped) rather than pinnate fronds. Both varieties can benefit from careful side dressings of potassium (potassium is a salt that can burn if improperly applied). Symptoms of potassium deficiency are spotted yellowing of older fronds that spreads until the frond is almost solid yellow. Manganese, magnesium, and boron deficiencies can cause similar symptoms. Use a balanced fertilizer with as close to a 3:1:3 ratio that you can find and make sure that it includes magnesium, ... read more

Positive

On Apr 7, 2010, purplesun from Krapets
Bulgaria (Zone 8a) wrote:

Planted a very small Chilean Wine Palm in autumn 2009 in my garden in Krapets, Bulgaria, zone 8a. The seedling had just two leaves and its growing tip and could not have been older than two years. This past winter, temperatures dropped to -3 degrees F, there were severe cold winds, though snow cover was substantial. Well, my Chilean Wine Palm is very much alive, with only the top half of its leaves burnt! Has not managed to rot, though this winter has been extraordinarily wet. This has positively been a huge surprise for me.

Positive

On Feb 4, 2010, markywellybe from Orland, CA wrote:

love these trees; have hundreds, have Ben collimating them for 25 years have starters form some old girls of some 300 years or it seems, they were that old when I met them;think they pre date America in California that is. the bay area. I've Been collecting and propagating them since I fell in love, every sept.each year. let me know; just want to see the forest again, don't mater where in the world besides Chile. love these trees. contact info: sarahandmarky@aol.com did not know they were so far reaching. just seems wondrously OK, like the world is in good hands(the garden that is)thank you: Mark

Neutral

On Jun 28, 2006, sylvainyang from Edmond, OK wrote:

The seedlings get sun burn easily. I got 3 strong seedlings, there is only one survived. I should have tried the Buitia X Jubaea.

After I moved to Orange County in California, I bought a 15 Gallon
size Jubaea. It is so easy to take care of and good looking palm.

Positive

On Feb 9, 2005, palmsfromchile from Ocoa
Chile (Zone 9a) wrote:

There're some facts to add to this marvelous specimen:
- Total height: 30m
- Diameter: 2m
- Oldest specimen: 1600 years
- It can live in zone 8a too.
- Soil Ph: Neutral and Acidic

Positive

On Aug 23, 2004, Kylecawaza from Corte Madera, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

A Jubaea seedling with two strap leaves survived -2 F in Bellevue WA, with its only protection being that it was sbmerged in one foot of snow. The palm is still alive today, but hasn't grown in 2 years.

Positive

On Jul 16, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Though slow growing, this is one of the prize palms for most collectors in the South Western States. It is the world's most massive palm and is native to Chile. It is also one of the most cold hardy palms easily handly frost, and some degree of freezing. Locally here in Los Angeles this tree, once a trunk has formed (up to 20 years for that to occur) is one of the most expensive palms you can buy. A large one will easily fetch thousands. They transplant fairly well, though a large crane and many workers are needed. It is also one of the few palms that does better in a Temperate environment than a tropical one. Though many in Florida and Hawaii may try to grow Jubaeas, most do not succeed. It prefers a dry (low humidity) climate.

This palm is one of the most susceptib... read more