Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Leopard Lily, Panther Lily, Swamp Lily
Lilium pardalinum

Family: Liliaceae (lil-ee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Lilium (LIL-ee-um) (Info)
Species: pardalinum (par-da-LEE-num) (Info)

» View all varieties of Lilies

One vendor has this plant for sale.

21 members have or want this plant for trade.

9 - Species

Flower Habit:
(c) Down-facing

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)
36-48 in. (90-120 cm)
4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)
6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

9-12 in. (22-30 cm)
12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Bloom Color:
Gold (Yellow-Orange)
Pale Yellow

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer

Flower Shape:

Bloom Size:
3" to 6" (76 mm to 150 mm)

Color Pattern:


Other details:
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
By dividing the bulb's scales
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors
From bulbils

Seed Collecting:
Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible

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Thumbnail #1 of Lilium pardalinum by TBGDN

By perenniallyme
Thumbnail #2 of Lilium pardalinum by perenniallyme

By kennedyh
Thumbnail #3 of Lilium pardalinum by kennedyh

By GardenGuyKin
Thumbnail #4 of Lilium pardalinum by GardenGuyKin

By kennedyh
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By kennedyh
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There are a total of 18 photos.
Click here to view them all!


2 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive ogon On May 17, 2011, ogon from Paradise, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

Leopard Lilies grow wild in Northern CA. They can be found in bloom in the shadier areas around the foothills in mid summer. They are plentiful in parts of a nearby wilderness park that are not often frequented by humans, and can be found in sandy loam soil in part-sun to full-shade areas. I've always seen them near the creek, but not necesarily in moist soil. I think they prefer the higher humidity found near the creek, as Northern CA is very hot and dry in the summer months when they are in bloom, but the soil I have found them growing in is not particularly moist. I have not tried to transplant them from the wild, but I do know a nearby native plants nursery often has them for sale. The flowers are amazing and a photograph cannot do them justice :).

Positive baiissatva On Sep 1, 2009, baiissatva from Dunedin
New Zealand wrote:

Zone 9b coastal Otago, NZ

I believe this lily is highly endangered in it's native Californian habitat.
I planted some out last year- after handling all those oriental bulbs, it's weird to see the stoloniferous ones produced by these turks cap types! They get half day shade in an underplanting situation and seem to be happy enough, though some say this is a temperamental beast. They flower from a very small size which is great!
Just fabulous once they're established and monstrous, with huge candelabras of bicoloured, spotted blooms, and freely offsetting too.
If you can get hold of it, give it a try. Lily societies often have them for sale.
*Update- There are apparently many varieties of this species and Ive been trying to work out which one I have; mine have narrower leaves so Im guessing shastense or pitkinense. I love their snaky pointed buds which remind me of the plant from Little Shop of Horrors :-)
Anyhoo, talk about prolific! From 5 small stoloniferous bulbs I now have around 25, after 12 months, so yeah, Im guessing theyre happy! I give them no attention at all apart from a splash of water when theyre looking dry. They get full to half day sun in slightly raised beds over horrible clay. We don't get too many decent frosts here so perhaps the ground temp never gets low enough to halt their inexorable reproduction?
I am delighted with the performance of this species after so many lilium disappointments.

Neutral drought On Sep 18, 2004, drought from Eston Sask
Canada wrote:

I saw this plant in Alberta gardener- they say it grows in zone 3 but I am unable to find it here --will keep looking and let you know. They call it a giant for your garden! from drought


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Chico, California
Davis, California
Merced, California
Paradise, California
Denver, Colorado
Divernon, Illinois
Demotte, Indiana
Macy, Indiana
Attleboro, Massachusetts
Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts
Omaha, Nebraska
Los Alamos, New Mexico
Gloversville, New York
Wakefield, Rhode Island
Eatonville, Washington

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