Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Slash Pine
Pinus elliottii

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pinus (PY-nus) (Info)
Species: elliottii (el-ee-OT-ee-eye) (Info)

Synonym:Pinus heterophylla

One vendor has this plant for sale.

2 members have or want this plant for trade.


over 40 ft. (12 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Unknown - Tell us


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
Wear gloves to protect hands when handling seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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By Monocromatico
Thumbnail #1 of Pinus elliottii by Monocromatico

By gel70
Thumbnail #2 of Pinus elliottii by gel70

By escambiaguy
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By mgarr
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By PalmBchBill
Thumbnail #5 of Pinus elliottii by PalmBchBill

By escambiaguy
Thumbnail #6 of Pinus elliottii by escambiaguy


4 positives
4 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral Lk321134 On Oct 12, 2011, Lk321134 from Saint Petersburg, FL wrote:

Not a bad tree def underused though. Beware heavy falling branches in storms and sap on vehicles. For these reasons I wouldn't suggest having these close to a house or where you park your vehicles. It's growing all over my property with large palmettos on the understory in very dry white sand that holds no moisture. The needles are very flammable as well so I wouldn't suggest letting them pile up.

Neutral pigneguy On Jul 16, 2010, pigneguy from Los Angeles, CA wrote:

"We varied the species of plants in the area between the vetiver hedgerows according to the different conditions of each site. On Liangkou and Lutian slopes, Zenia insignis and Radermachera sinica were intercropped between the vetiver hedges. On Liangkou slope surface, a small plot was left as the control, that is - it was not planted with vetiver but planted with trees. All materials were planted in May 1995. In the up-slope of Tianluhu section, Pinus elliotii was planted in the upper part of this slope because it has strong resistance to drought; "

Positive escambiaguy On Jan 29, 2005, escambiaguy from Atmore, AL (Zone 8b) wrote:

Slash pine is the most common pine tree in my area. It is the most favored wood for rough lumber. It has replaced longleaf pine in alot of areas originally occupied by longleaf. It is susceptible to fusiform rust which makes large cankers on the trunk. Fusiform rust is only likely to occur if oaks are growing nearby, the fungus requires both trees for it's life cycle. I recommend this tree over loblolly pine but otherwise longleaf pine is my favorite.

Positive melody On Jan 28, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

Resembling the Loblolly and Longleaf pines in the South ,but it's needles are 7" to 11" long. Two and three needle clusters are seen on the same tree, except for the variant..Pinus elliottii var. densa, it has 2 needle clusters only and is found in south Florida.

Cones are 3" to 6' long and the old ones, for the most part, do not remain on the tree. They have small prickles and gloves should be worn when handling them.

This is a fast growing tree and is used for timber and formerly for turpentine.

It is reported to hybridize with the Loblolly Pine.

Positive TREEHUGR On Nov 13, 2004, TREEHUGR from Now in Orlando, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Near impossible to transplant without a tree spade truck.
It's a shame the builders here clear cut wooded lots of these valuable trees.

We're throwing it all away.

Positive NativePlantFan9 On Jul 23, 2004, NativePlantFan9 from Boca Raton, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

Slash Pine is one of the best native plants ever. It thrives in full sun, adapts to little water and provides habitat, food, and shelter for wildlife. Ever sinch I got a small one of the South Florida Variety of the Slash Pine it has been growing superbly! It is still only about 2 or 3 feet tall but is one of the best. It grows naturally in dry flatwoods, sandy uplands, dunes and scrub on the coastal plain of the Southeast US from South Carolina to Louisiana and my area. It does well in all Florida zones, from North to South. I water it at least twice a week and it does well. If you see one on sale, it could be your next garden choice as it shades your garden plants, provides perfect shade that allows sunlight to pass through and "filter", and protects them from the cold and rough weather. Plus its a great wildlife-attracter plant! If you have a native plant garden for wildlife, give this plant a thumbs-up!

Some requirements:

SOIL - Loves a wide range of soil, especially somewhat alkaline or acid surfaces (grows on pine rocklands in the Florida Everglades and limestone ridges).

SUN - Loves full sun as well as partial to light shade (not sure about dense shade - please tell me if it works in dense shade!)

IRRIGATION - Seems to tolerate up to 2 or 3 times water a week.


NEEDLES - Light green, shortish in length.

TRUNK - Dark brown to lightish brown.

CONES - Up to a few inches in length; medium to dark or light brown; provide food for wildlife.


Neutral Terry On Jul 20, 2003, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

Its common name refers to the slash marks left in the bark after turpentining, a process used to harvest the resin from the trees.

Neutral Monocromatico On Jul 20, 2003, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

This is an unexpected one. Most Gymnosperms just cant live under the heat in Rio de Janeiro. Pinus elliotti not only can survive the heat and sunstroke, but there are a row of those trees living practically on sand, and recieving salt from the sea spray (2,5 km from the sea). I can say that its a though pine thats been living there since I moved here, 18 years ago. All I know about it is that its original from south eastern United States and north eastern Mexico and is living pretty well (producing cones and lots of seeds every year) in completely adverse conditions.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Atmore, Alabama
Cocoa, Florida
Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Fort Pierce, Florida
Loxahatchee, Florida
North Fort Myers, Florida
Port Saint Lucie, Florida
Sebring, Florida
West Palm Beach, Florida
Rincon, Georgia
Falling Waters, West Virginia

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