Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Dendrocalamus, Giant Bamboo
Dendrocalamus asper

Family: Poaceae (poh-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Dendrocalamus (den-droh-KAL-uh-mus) (Info)
Species: asper (AS-per) (Info)

One vendor has this plant for sale.

5 members have or want this plant for trade.

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Ornamental Grasses and Bamboo

over 40 ft. (12 m)

over 40 ft. (12 m)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:
Unknown - Tell us


Other details:
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings
This plant is monocarpic

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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There are a total of 22 photos.
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6 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Ticovandal On Oct 13, 2009, Ticovandal from Quepos
Costa Rica wrote:

I live on the coastal zone of the central pacific in Costa Rica. I have planted various types of bamboo on my farm and now have a problem. There are 5 large groves of Dendrocalamus Asper located under electric power lines. There is no access for machinery to dig up these plants and I am searching for information as to how to kill these 5 plants. Any information would be appreciated and you can also reply direct to:
Thank you

Positive lynnopus On Dec 7, 2007, lynnopus from Mims, FL wrote:

Just planted mine and is a little slow to start but expect great things from this impressive species. Does anyone here think this tropical giant will grow in Eugene Or?

Positive FloridaGrower On Dec 30, 2006, FloridaGrower from Winter Springs, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Although I have just aquired this one, I am sure it will do fine, as I have seen this bamboo in a botanical gardens that has lower temps than my own.. This is a beautiful BIG bamboo that is sure to wow when it gets to a mature size. Easy to propagate, and quick to size up in the right conditions, this bamboo is a joy to grow, and a site to behold.

Positive tropicalbamboo On Jan 28, 2005, tropicalbamboo from Loxahatchee, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

The previous comment may not be entirely accurate. D.asper originated in East India and it is cultivated primarily for large, edible shoots in Thailand and Indonesia.
I did a Google search and it seems a couple of newer nurseries are using the common name Giant Burmese Timber Bamboo for D.asper. I'm guessing the intended species for that common name was Dendrocalamus giganteus which DID originate in Burma. D.giganteus is the largest bamboo in the world and also produces large, edible shoots.
Either species will become fantastic shock-value specimens in the limited tropical or sub-tropical regions of the United States.

Neutral smiln32 On May 19, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Origin: Burma (Asia) - Actually one of the common names is Giant Burmese Timber Bamboo. Large shoots are highest quality for food.

Positive dbinnix On May 7, 2004, dbinnix from Garden Grove, CA wrote:

As one of the growers of bamboo I can say that one characteristic of Dendorcalamus asper is that it is probably the most easy bamboo of all the clumping types to propogate. This has made the supply of this species grow until it is easily available and thus rather inexpensive (it used to be very expensive). So while it is still very impressive as seen in the photos, it is easily available. One other note is that it grows in the mountains in it's native tropics where it's cooler so here where it's cooler as well it does just fine, that's part of the reason why it's so easy to grow. Also since it likes it here it gets big, real big so if you want a big, big bamboo this is the one.

Positive palmbob On Jul 21, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is one of the largest bamboos there is, growing up to 100' in nature. Here in Los Angeles it may grow a little over half that, but it's still quite impressive. The culms are quite straight and ornamental, developing a blue-grey-green cast as they age. Young culms are quite green. The leaves are relatively large for a bamboo. This is one of the more tender large species barely surviving in some areas of Los Angeles, but doing quite well once established and large. Though the culms are straight, they are not one of the thicker, sturdier bamboos so not often used in heavy duty construction. But great for fences and ornamental sculpture. This is a very expensive species and prized in Southern California


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Encino, California
Garden Grove, California
Santa Barbara, California
Loxahatchee, Florida
Mims, Florida
Winter Springs, Florida
Ainaloa, Hawaii
Eugene, Oregon

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