Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Joe Pye Weed
Eutrochium maculatum 'Gateway'

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Eutrochium (yoo-TRO-kee-um) (Info)
Species: maculatum (mak-yuh-LAH-tum) (Info)
Cultivar: Gateway

Synonym:Eupatorium maculatum
Synonym:Eutrochium maculatum var. maculatum

4 vendors have this plant for sale.

9 members have or want this plant for trade.

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6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Late Summer/Early Fall


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible

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6 positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive HamptonsGardener On Sep 21, 2011, HamptonsGardener from East Hampton, NY wrote:

Great perennial. Easy to grow. Creates a great screen and a nice wall of color in late summer.

Positive ms_greenjeans On Aug 29, 2011, ms_greenjeans from Hopkins, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

I planted this along the alley as a living screen/fence. Great plant - looks great all season, requires very little attention. When it blooms it is simply stunning. This is a plant that does require a LOT of room, but it is absolutely worth it. While in bloom it is generally covered in bees and butterflies.

Positive Wic7ita On Jul 29, 2009, Wic7ita from Fairmont, NE wrote:

I have 2 areas of Joe Pye Weed, one species and the other 'Gateway' cultivar. I treat the areas like a shrub: high prairie winds here tend to knock down tall plants here and growing the plant in a bunch helps it stand up. If it spreads too much for you, just yank out some of the stems. If it shows up in other garden areas, pull it out. Propagate by seed.
Almost all native plants benefit from knowing their origin: JoePye Weed grows only in riparian areas in the prairie, which means it needs some additional water here in Nebraska especially during hot drought. Baby it too much and of course it becomes invasive. Tough Love is best.

Positive erdooley On Aug 5, 2008, erdooley from Decatur, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:

I've been growing this plant for years, and really enjoy it. It does tend to wilt in the afternoon sun, but recovers nicely. I think the tall arching branches are very graceful and dramatic. Oftentimes by the end of the season they may need staking. (They can be cut by 1/3 early in the season for overall shorter plants.) The blooms last a really long time, gradually fading into attractive seed heads that I usually leave on through much of the winter. The root clumps seem to grow quickly, enabling just a few plants to make quite a statement after a couple of years.

Positive littlelulublue On May 29, 2007, littlelulublue from Toronto
Canada wrote:

This plant is doing very well in our garden... not a dramatic plant but an excellent background addition which attracts butterflies and adds a beautiful 'misty' look to the garden. Ours in planted in part sun/part shade (Toronto)

Positive LadyCleo On Jul 5, 2006, LadyCleo from Plainfield, NJ (Zone 6b) wrote:

I have 2 eupatorium growing in a shady moist border here in zone 6b and I love them. This dark distant woodland edge of my property also has a spectacular ligularia (the Rocket), some bright green (Lime Rickey Heuchera) and gold foamy bells (Heucherella Strike It Rich Girl), chinese wild ginger, and a couple of who-knows-what-kind of little cypress. The narrow (3-6') border bed is flanked by a 25' holly and a mature hedge of forthysia. The Joe Pye Weed and Ligularia complement each other's bloom colors and add dramatic, bold vertical interest. The height of these plants does not reach it's full potential probably due to the low light, but 4-6' punctuaction above the varied colors and texture of the lower growing plants is ideal for this area.
One note of warning, if you have lawn cutters who like to "help" you out by cutting down anything that's not grass, please mark/identify this plant as off limits for the weed whacker.

Neutral jnn On Aug 29, 2004, jnn from Chapel Hill, NC (Zone 7b) wrote:

We first planted this in our front bed where it would get full sun, but it kept wilting on us, so we've moved it to a more shady area and it is doing much better. This is our first year with the plant so I can't say if I like it or not yet.

Neutral vagardener On Jun 1, 2004, vagardener from Springfield, VA wrote:

I ran across this species of joe pye's weed while searching for the purpureum at several garden centers in Northern Virginia. They were half hidden under a table displaying other sun loving perennials. I needed a tall plant in a sunny border to tower over black eyed susans and ornamental grasses. I hope they fit the bill. I planted them several weeks ago and they seem to be adjusting nicely.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

, (2 reports)
Decatur, Georgia
Marietta, Georgia
Deerfield, Illinois
Grayslake, Illinois
Hinsdale, Illinois
La Grange Park, Illinois
Mount Prospect, Illinois
Naperville, Illinois
Waukegan, Illinois
Des Moines, Iowa
Marshalltown, Iowa
North Yarmouth, Maine
Dracut, Massachusetts
Charlevoix, Michigan
Hopkins, Minnesota
Saint Paul, Minnesota (2 reports)
Plainfield, New Jersey
Scotch Plains, New Jersey
Stockton, New Jersey
East Hampton, New York
Belmont, North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Enid, Oklahoma
Tulsa, Oklahoma
Walterville, Oregon
Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Norristown, Pennsylvania
Whitehall, Pennsylvania
Salt Lake City, Utah
Arlington, Virginia
Lexington, Virginia
Pearisburg, Virginia
Springfield, Virginia
Battle Ground, Washington
East Port Orchard, Washington
Kalama, Washington
Ocean Park, Washington

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