Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Southern Red Cedar
Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola

Family: Cupressaceae (koo-press-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Juniperus (jew-NIP-er-us) (Info)
Species: virginiana var. silicicola

Synonym:Juniperus barbadensis
Synonym:Juniperus lucayana
Synonym:Juniperus silicicola
Synonym:Sabina silicicola

One vendor has this plant for sale.

2 members have or want this plant for trade.


over 40 ft. (12 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:

Grown for foliage

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Flowers are fragrant
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Provides winter interest

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From herbaceous stem cuttings
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

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to view:

By plantladylin
Thumbnail #1 of Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola by plantladylin

By feldko
Thumbnail #2 of Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola by feldko

By feldko
Thumbnail #3 of Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola by feldko


1 positive
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral feldko On May 23, 2013, feldko from South Hadley, MA wrote:

Growing out of my 100 year old Silver Maple Tree is what looks like an Eastern Redcedar (Juniperus Virginiana).
Like a parasite, this tree looks as if it were feeding off the Maple as if it were making a personal statement for me to understand, for my eyes only. What adds to the oddity of the site, and I know this sounds strange, perhaps strange enough to have me examined, is the fact that before my biotech genius brother in-law took his own life, he taught me that Conifers compete with deciduous compete for growing space. He further went on to explain that every 500,000 years, one dominates the other, bringing each to the brink of extinction. His statement prevented me from weeding it out when I first discovered it at one inch high,12 years ago, as it made me think of him. Yesterday I plucked from its branch something which resembled a small nut, oblong in shape with small and stiff hair like shoots protruding from it. Curiously I placed it outside on my work table as it began to rain. In the morning I discovered a rubbery like hideous fungus, as shown in the picture, and remembered having placed the nut there. Right away, I knew it had metamorphosed into this. Im trying to identify what this is. Is it part of the conifer or is it a fungus of some type which grew on one of its branches?

Positive gooley On Mar 25, 2007, gooley from Hawthorne, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

Native here and across north Florida, formerly in vast numbers (Cedar Key is named for them; most were cut down and used to make pencils). Fairly fast growth, fairly trouble-free; I have not seen cedar-apple fungus on them here, but apples are not common and I don't know if it affects e.g. hawthorns. Like many of the genus, often associated with limestone underlying the soil, but that's hardly necessary. There certainly are a lot near Ocala, where the Ocala Limestone formation is just under the surface and where that makes the land prized for horse farms -- just as I noted a lot of J. virginiana in the Kentucky Bluegrass country on a visit there. The wood looks to me just like that of the usual J. virginiana, aromatic and rather soft, with white sapwood and red-brown to purple heartwood including some white streaks, rot-resistant, knotty except in wide boards from the now-rare old trees. Seems to tolerate both seasonally-soggy soil and drought.

Neutral frostweed On Dec 3, 2006, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Southern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola is native to Texas and other States.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Daytona Beach, Florida
Fort Myers, Florida
Hawthorne, Florida
Merritt Island, Florida
Osprey, Florida
Port Saint Lucie, Florida
Trenton, Florida
Umatilla, Florida
Benton, Kentucky

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