Spiny Licuala, Mangrove Fan Palm

Licuala spinosa

Family: Arecaceae (ar-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Licuala (lik-oo-AH-lah) (Info)
Species: spinosa (spy-NO-suh) (Info)


Tropicals and Tender Perennials


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


Unknown - Tell us


USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade

Partial to Full Shade

Full Shade


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Unknown - Tell us


Grown for foliage



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Thousand Oaks, California

Westminster, California

Whittier, California

Pompano Beach, Florida

Port Charlotte, Florida

St John, Mississippi

St John, Virgin Islands

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Jun 13, 2005, Cearbhaill from Russell, KY (Zone 6b) wrote:

Very easy grower Zone 10b South Florida.


On Aug 23, 2004, Kylecawaza from Corte Madera, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

Like most Licualas, they can survive Southern CA coastal climates, but this is a hardier one, as well as Licuala Peltata which thrives. One precaution you could use to make this palm look nice is misting the leaves during Santa Ana's or hot days. Palmbob gets most of ohis LA expiriences in inalnd LA basin where there is more frost, most of the palms grow better out towards the coast.


On Aug 17, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is about the only Licuala I can grow well here in the Los Angeles area. Most Licualas are very tropical in their requirements. This form is a suckering species from southeast Asia and is grown as an ornamental/landscaping palm throughout the tropics. It is also a good potted plant in bright light, humid conditions. Known as the spiny Licuala because the petioles are viciously armed with many small, sharp teeth.

By the way, unlike what the fellow below claims, most of my experience, along with my own palms, is also vicariously from the hundreds of palm growers (most along the very coast of S California) who compile and share their information and ideas at palm meetings and similar events. And I can tell you for a fact that MOST species of Licuala do NOT thrive in So... read more