Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Spiny Licuala, Mangrove Fan Palm
Licuala spinosa

Family: Arecaceae (ar-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Licuala (lik-oo-AH-lah) (Info)
Species: spinosa (spy-NO-suh) (Info)

One vendor has this plant for sale.

3 members have or want this plant for trade.

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)
8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

Unknown - Tell us

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade
Partial to Full Shade
Full Shade

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:
Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:
Unknown - Tell us

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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By palmbob
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There are a total of 14 photos.
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3 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Cearbhaill On Jun 13, 2005, Cearbhaill from Russell, KY (Zone 6b) wrote:

Very easy grower Zone 10b South Florida.

Positive Kylecawaza On Aug 23, 2004, Kylecawaza from Corte Madera, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

Like most Licualas, they can survive Southern CA coastal climates, but this is a hardier one, as well as Licuala Peltata which thrives. One precaution you could use to make this palm look nice is misting the leaves during Santa Ana's or hot days. Palmbob gets most of ohis LA expiriences in inalnd LA basin where there is more frost, most of the palms grow better out towards the coast.

Positive palmbob On Aug 17, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is about the only Licuala I can grow well here in the Los Angeles area. Most Licualas are very tropical in their requirements. This form is a suckering species from southeast Asia and is grown as an ornamental/landscaping palm throughout the tropics. It is also a good potted plant in bright light, humid conditions. Known as the spiny Licuala because the petioles are viciously armed with many small, sharp teeth.

By the way, unlike what the fellow below claims, most of my experience, along with my own palms, is also vicariously from the hundreds of palm growers (most along the very coast of S California) who compile and share their information and ideas at palm meetings and similar events. And I can tell you for a fact that MOST species of Licuala do NOT thrive in So Cal, and in fact, most cannot even SURVIVE in southern California outdoors for any length of time (more than a year or so). That is what makes this such a unique species as it is one of the very few that thrive here. And yes, I find it thrives inland (10 miles, but not much more) from the coast as long as you provide it some shade and protection from intense summer heat, along with frosty winter weather.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Thousand Oaks, California
Westminster, California
Whittier, California
Pompano Beach, Florida
Port Charlotte, Florida
St John, Mississippi
St John, Virgin Islands

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