Mountain Cabbage Tree, Kiepersol

Cussonia paniculata subsp. sinuata

Family: Araliaceae
Genus: Cussonia (kus-SOH-nee-uh) (Info)
Species: paniculata subsp. sinuata



Foliage Color:



Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:

Late Fall/Early Winter


Unknown - Tell us

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From herbaceous stem cuttings

From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Scottsdale, Arizona

Clayton, California

Fairfield, California

Mckinleyville, California

Ross, California

Rumsey, California

San Jose, California

San Leandro, California

Thousand Oaks, California

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Oct 6, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

I have this plant in the old garden - grew quite well and kept a slender, non-suckering trunk (not what I experienced with its more common relative, Cussonia spicata.)

It twisted quite ornamentally as it looked for the best sunny spot and right now it's about 12' tall and has several nice bends in its trunk, topped with an attractive ball of turquoise leaves (unfortunately no photos of that plant). It's a great plant for xeriscapes and adds nice turquoise color in the landscape. It's slow growing and, only after many decades, could it outgrow its spot in the garden. Supposedly easy to grow from cuttings.

This is by far the more common subspecies in cultivation- Cussonia paniculata ssp paniculata is very rare and has less blue color and less deeply lo... read more


On Aug 23, 2003, Happenstance from Northern California, CA wrote:

Native to South Africa, will winter in the greenhouse and then go in the ground.

This plant is considered a pachycaul succulent on the basis of its swollen stem base or tuber which forms early in plants grown from seed. Roots are also thick and swollen. The tree is slow growing.