Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Brazilian Monkey Puzzle Tree, Parana Pine, Candelabra Tree
Araucaria angustifolia

Family: Araucariaceae
Genus: Araucaria (air-ah-KAIR-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: angustifolia (an-gus-tee-FOH-lee-uh) (Info)

Synonym:Columbea angustifolia
Synonym:Araucaria brasiliensis

11 members have or want this plant for trade.

Edible Fruits and Nuts

over 40 ft. (12 m)

Unknown - Tell us

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:


Other details:
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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There are a total of 28 photos.
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3 positives
No neutrals
1 negative

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive runnow On May 5, 2010, runnow from Sevierville, TN wrote:

This is probably the best Araucaria for much of the Southeast. It took 8% with 10 days below freezing with
minor damage. It toterates the heat and humidity of South
unlike its tempermental relative Araucaria araucana. It
grows rapidly and becomes fire resistant as it becomes

Positive bwelch On Dec 3, 2009, bwelch from McDavid, FL wrote:

Grows very easily in the Florida panhandle. It blows down very easily though in high winds.We have had frequent high winds and tropical storms in the last few years, the tree continues to grow from a prone position, and in a few years it hs begun to look good again.
I always thought that it was oriental in origin.Some locals call it a chinese evergreen.Glad too see this site has corrected me. As a new member I am enjoying this site,thanks for the info.

Negative cacti_lover On Feb 4, 2005, cacti_lover from Henderson, NV (Zone 9b) wrote:

I love this tree but mine had a sad ending. I first bought this tree in Seattle and it was about three feet tall. It was doing well for almost a year until I moves to Las Vegas. It survived the move and live for about six months. But when the heat came, it started turing brown. We give it water much like a pine tree but it just kept getting browner. We kept the tree for another year hoping it will come back. It never did.

Positive Monocromatico On Aug 30, 2003, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

This is one of the few brazilian pine trees - and one of the most beautiful trees around. From the southern mountains, its also one of the few brazilian species that tolerates snow and prefers cold climates instead of tropical ones. Actually, there was a large population in the south (the Araucarias Forest) that is almost extinct... luckily, this species is cultivated for its seends and beauty in every place where the climate permits it.

The tree has an imponent erect trunk with thickened nodes, reaching up to 30m tall - grows fast until it reaches 10 meters, but starts growing slower from that. The branches (several branches coming from each node) are curved upwards, bearing rows of leathery, dark green, triangular leaves.

The male cones are long and spiny. The female ones are round shaped, with dozens of seeds. These seeds are delicious if prepared in boiling water (although it somewhat though to get rid of the outer shel, but with a knife on hand it shouldnt be a problem), and they are very apreciated here in winter.

This tree can be planted on fertilized clay soils, with constant moisture. Wont tolerate heat for long time, and needs some cold (although its not adapted for long expositions to snow). It likes full sun.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anniston, Alabama
Hanceville, Alabama
Citrus Heights, California
Miami, Florida
Athens, Georgia
Carmel, Indiana
New York City, New York
Cleveland, Ohio
Portland, Oregon
Germantown, Tennessee
Sevierville, Tennessee
Austin, Texas
Seattle, Washington
Shoreline, Washington

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